How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Medical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Medical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Garber K. Genetics: Deep exploration. Nature 2012;492(7429):S56-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Castanotto D, Rossi JJ. The promises and pitfalls of RNA-interference-based therapeutics. Nature 2009;457(7228):426–33.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bragg AE, Cavanagh MC, Schwartz BJ. Linear response breakdown in solvation dynamics induced by atomic electron-transfer reactions. Science 2008;321(5897):1817–22.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Feng L, Yan H, Wu Z, Yan N, Wang Z, Jeffrey PD, et al. Structure of a site-2 protease family intramembrane metalloprotease. Science 2007;318(5856):1608–12.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dormieux L, Kondo D. Micromechanics of Fracture and Damage. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Braslavski P, Karpov N, Worring M, Volkovich Y, Ignatov DI, editors. Information Retrieval: 8th Russian Summer School, RuSSIR 2014, Nizhniy, Novgorod, Russia, August 18-22, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Masera M, Wijnia Y, Vries L de, Kuenzi C. Governing Risks in the European Critical Electricity Infrastructure. In: Gheorghe AV, Masera M, Weijnen M, Vries DL, editors. Critical Infrastructures at Risk: Securing the European Electric Power System. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. page 117–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Medical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Facebook To Use Artificial Intelligence To Spot Suicidal Users [Internet]. IFLScience2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/facebook-to-use-artificial-intelligence-to-spot-suicidal-users-/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Significant Management Challenges May Adversely Affect Implementation of the Transportation Security Administration’s Secure Flight Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rich JB. Guinevere takes her seat at the Round Table—or does she? Moving a primary Western myth forward. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Protess B, Goldstein M. Justices Asked to Clarify ‘Benefit’ in Insider Trading. New York Times2016;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Medical Sciences
AbbreviationIndian J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)0019-5359
ISSN (online)1998-3654
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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