How to format your references using the Physics of Life Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics of Life Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gershon D. All systems go for neuroscience. Nature 2001;414:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Griffith LG, Naughton G. Tissue engineering--current challenges and expanding opportunities. Science 2002;295:1009–14.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Petit RJ, Hu FS, Dick CW. Forests of the past: a window to future changes. Science 2008;320:1450–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kim HS, Li A, Ahn S, Song H, Zhang W. Inositol Polyphosphate-5-Phosphatase F (INPP5F) inhibits STAT3 activity and suppresses gliomas tumorigenicity. Sci Rep 2014;4:7330.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Burkinshaw SM. Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Varma A, Oelmüller R, editors. Advanced Techniques in Soil Microbiology. vol. 11. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Balteanu A, Jossé G, Schubert M. Mining Driving Preferences in Multi-cost Networks. In: Nascimento MA, Sellis T, Cheng R, Sander J, Zheng Y, Kriegel H-P, et al., editors. Advances in Spatial and Temporal Databases: 13th International Symposium, SSTD 2013, Munich, Germany, August 21-23, 2013. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 74–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics of Life Reviews.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Climate Scientists Expect Us To Miss The Paris Climate Agreement Targets. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/climate-scientists-expect-us-to-miss-the-paris-climate-agreement-targets/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Agreement Needed on DOD Guidelines for Exempting Certain ADP Equipment and Service Procurements From the Brooks Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Sosa Tzec O. Delightful Interactive Systems: A Rhetorical Examination. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Packer G. Left Behind. New York Times 2002:642.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics of Life Reviews
AbbreviationPhys. Life Rev.
ISSN (print)1571-0645
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Artificial Intelligence
General Physics and Astronomy

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