How to format your references using the Physics of Life Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics of Life Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gal-Yam A. Luminous supernovae. Science 2012;337:927–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Janvier P, Arsenault M. Palaeobiology: calcification of early vertebrate cartilage. Nature 2002;417:609.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Takahashi JS, Shimomura K, Kumar V. Searching for genes underlying behavior: lessons from circadian rhythms. Science 2008;322:909–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Queller DC, Zacchi F, Cervo R, Turillazzi S, Henshaw MT, Santorelli LA, et al. Unrelated helpers in a social insect. Nature 2000;405:784–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Barnes P. The JCT 05 Standard Building Sub-Contract. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Tomppo E. Designing and Conducting a Forest Inventory - case: 9th National Forest Inventory of Finland. vol. 22. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Chhabra A, Geist H, Houghton RA, Haberl H, Braimoh AK, Vlek PLG, et al. Multiple Impacts of Land-Use/Cover Change. In: Lambin EF, Geist H, editors. Land-Use and Land-Cover Change: Local Processes and Global Impacts, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 71–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics of Life Reviews.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Austrian State Now Produces 100% Of Electricity From Renewables. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Research Fleet Modernization: NOAA Needs to Consider Alternatives to the Acquisition of New Vessels. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kurulugama RT. Overtone mobility spectrometry. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Terror Scare In Moscow. New York Times 2002:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics of Life Reviews
AbbreviationPhys. Life Rev.
ISSN (print)1571-0645
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Artificial Intelligence
General Physics and Astronomy

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