How to format your references using the Seminars in Arthroplasty citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Seminars in Arthroplasty. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Squire LR. Neuroscience. Rapid consolidation. Science 2007;316:57–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Grant PR, Grant BR. Evolution of character displacement in Darwin’s finches. Science 2006;313:224–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dhara S, Mele EJ, Agarwal R. APPLIED OPTICS. Voltage-tunable circular photogalvanic effect in silicon nanowires. Science 2015;349:726–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Gómez Cano AR, Cantalapiedra JL, Álvarez-Sierra MÁ, Hernández Fernández M. A macroecological glance at the structure of late Miocene rodent assemblages from Southwest Europe. Sci Rep 2014;4:6557.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Burton E. Business and Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Wang XS, Cruz I, Delis A, Huang G, editors. Web Information Systems Engineering - WISE 2012: 13th International Conference, Paphos, Cyprus, November 28-30, 2012. Proceedings. vol. 7651. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Devece C, Peris-Ortiz M, Merigó JM, Fuster V. Linking the Development of Teamwork and Communication Skills in Higher Education. In: Peris-Ortiz M, Merigó Lindahl JM, editors. Sustainable Learning in Higher Education: Developing Competencies for the Global Marketplace, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015, p. 63–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Seminars in Arthroplasty.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. In Future, The Internet Could Come Through Your Lightbulb. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/future-internet-could-come-through-your-lightbulb/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on MARAD Cooperative Agreement Award for Ship Simulator]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Green EI. Caregiver wellness: An inquiry of health risks among frontline direct caregivers of the elderly and disabled. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Bromwich JE, Stack L. ‘Serial’ Podcast Figure Gets New Trial in a Murder He Says He Didn’t Commit. New York Times 2016:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSeminars in Arthroplasty
AbbreviationSemin. Arthroplasty
ISSN (print)1045-4527
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Surgery

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