How to format your references using the International Journal of Simulation Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Simulation Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gouverneur, V. (2009). Chemistry. A new departure in fluorination chemistry, Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 325, No. 5948, 1630–1631
A journal article with 2 authors
Gillespie, P. G.; Walker, R. G. (2001). Molecular basis of mechanosensory transduction, Nature, Vol. 413, No. 6852, 194–202
A journal article with 3 authors
Jackson, B. A.; Bikson, T. K.; Gunn, P. P. (2013). Science and law. Human subjects protection and research on terrorism and conflict, Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 340, No. 6131, 434–435
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Keizer, R. S.; Goennenwein, S. T. B.; Klapwijk, T. M.; Miao, G.; Xiao, G.; Gupta, A. (2006). A spin triplet supercurrent through the half-metallic ferromagnet CrO2, Nature, Vol. 439, No. 7078, 825–827

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tadros, T. F. (2010). Colloids in Paints, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Krecek, J.; Haigh, M. J.; Hofer, T.; Kubin, E. (Eds.). (2012). Management of Mountain Watersheds, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Chibbaro, S.; Rondoni, L.; Vulpiani, A. (2014). Determinism, Chaos and Reductionism, L. Rondoni; A. Vulpiani (Eds.), Reductionism, Emergence and Levels of Reality: The Importance of Being Borderline, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 99–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Simulation Modelling.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, July 22). Human Impacts Cheating Ecosystem’s Chances Of Surviving Warming, IFLScience, IFLScience, from, accessed 30-10-2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Management of the Community Action Against Addiction Program in Cleveland, Ohio (MWD-75-92)Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, A. (2017). Poetry as a Museum (Doctoral dissertation)California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartman, S. (2016, May 7). The Pie Maker’s Tale, New York Times, p. MB1, MB1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Simulation Modelling
ISSN (print)1726-4529

Other styles