How to format your references using the International Journal of Simulation Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Simulation Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schadt, E. (2011). Genome-sequencing anniversary. First steps on a long road, Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 331, No. 6018, 691
A journal article with 2 authors
Baudrimont, A.; Becskei, A. (2015). Gene regulation: Expression feels two pulses, Nature, Vol. 527, No. 7576, 46–47
A journal article with 3 authors
Buck, W. R.; Lavier, L. L.; Poliakov, A. N. B. (2005). Modes of faulting at mid-ocean ridges, Nature, Vol. 434, No. 7034, 719–723
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bulteau, A.-L.; O’Neill, H. A.; Kennedy, M. C.; Ikeda-Saito, M.; Isaya, G.; Szweda, L. I. (2004). Frataxin acts as an iron chaperone protein to modulate mitochondrial aconitase activity, Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 305, No. 5681, 242–245

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodgers, N. (2000). Learning to Reason, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Marriott, N. G. (2008). Sanificazione Nell’industria Alimentare, (R. B. Gravani, Ed.), Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Dawson, A.; Kringos, N.; Scarpas, T.; Pavšič, P. (2009). Water in the Pavement Surfacing, A. Dawson (Ed.), Water in Road Structures: Movement, Drainage and Effects, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 81–105

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Simulation Modelling.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 18). Cost Of Hurricane Damage In The US Could Triple By 2100 Due To Global Warming, IFLScience, IFLScience, from, accessed 30-10-2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Acid Rain: Delays and Management Changes in the Federal Research Program (RCED-87-89)Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tiedemann-Fuller, P. M. (2008). A descriptive Rorschach study of children who have experienced chronic complex abuse (Doctoral dissertation)Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kulish, N.; Clark, N. (2015, April 18). Warning Signs in the Mind of a Pilot Determined to Die, New York Times, p. A1, A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Simulation Modelling
ISSN (print)1726-4529

Other styles