How to format your references using the International Journal of Simulation Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Simulation Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wood, C. L. (2014). Environment. Environmental change and the ecology of infectious disease, Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 346, No. 6214, 1192
A journal article with 2 authors
Janvier, P.; Arsenault, M. (2002). Palaeobiology: calcification of early vertebrate cartilage, Nature, Vol. 417, No. 6889, 609
A journal article with 3 authors
Losos, J. B.; Hillis, D. M.; Greene, H. W. (2012). Evolution. Who speaks with a forked tongue?, Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 338, No. 6113, 1428–1429
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Philippot, P.; Van Zuilen, M.; Lepot, K.; Thomazo, C.; Farquhar, J.; Van Kranendonk, M. J. (2007). Early Archaean microorganisms preferred elemental sulfur, not sulfate, Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 317, No. 5844, 1534–1537

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Twomey, B. (2011). Inside the Currency Market, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Jha, G. N. (Ed.). (2010). Sanskrit Computational Linguistics: 4th International Symposium, New Delhi, India, December 10-12, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6465), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Paneni, F.; Cosentino, F. (2015). Diabetic Cardiomyopathy, F. Cosentino (Ed.), Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease: A Guide to Clinical Management, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 49–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Simulation Modelling.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 4). Expiration Dates Are Bogus — Here’s The Best Way To Tell If A Food’s Gone Bad, IFLScience, IFLScience, from, accessed 30-10-2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Command and Control: Upgrades Allow Deferral of $500 Million Computer Acquisition (IMTEC-88-10)Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belletti, A. (2017). Trumpet Practice: Habits and Goals (Doctoral dissertation)California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016, December 15). Hank’s Long Suffering, New York Times, p. BR4, BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Simulation Modelling
ISSN (print)1726-4529

Other styles