How to format your references using the International Journal of Simulation Modelling citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Simulation Modelling. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levinson, S. C. (2012). Psychology. Kinship and human thought, Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 336, No. 6084, 988–989
A journal article with 2 authors
Cummings, C. A.; Relman, D. A. (2002). Genomics and microbiology. Microbial forensics--"cross-examining pathogens", Science (New York, N.Y.), Vol. 296, No. 5575, 1976–1979
A journal article with 3 authors
Chonan, S.; Kato, S.; Aoki, T. (2014). Efficient single-mode photon-coupling device utilizing a nanofiber tip, Scientific Reports, Vol. 4, 4785
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gordon, G. R. J.; Choi, H. B.; Rungta, R. L.; Ellis-Davies, G. C. R.; MacVicar, B. A. (2008). Brain metabolism dictates the polarity of astrocyte control over arterioles, Nature, Vol. 456, No. 7223, 745–749

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chartered Institute of Building. (2014). Code of Practice for Project Management for Construction and Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Greschke, H.; Tischler, J. (Eds.). (2015). Grounding Global Climate Change: Contributions from the Social and Cultural Sciences, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Eymann, J.; Timm-Giel, A. (2013). Multipath Transmission in Content Centric Networking Using a Probabilistic Ant-Routing Mechanism, D. Pesch; A. Timm-Giel; R. A. Calvo; B.-L. Wenning; K. Pentikousis (Eds.), Mobile Networks and Management: 5th International Conference, MONAMI 2013, Cork, Ireland, September 23-25, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 45–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Simulation Modelling.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 6). New Species of Monkey Discovered In Amazon Rainforest, IFLScience, IFLScience, from, accessed 30-10-2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Financial Management: Amtrak’s Route Profitability Schedules Need Improvement (GAO-02-912R)Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kane, B. H. (2017). A Qualitative Exploratory Inquiry of Communicating in a Multigenerational Traditional-Rational Organization (Doctoral dissertation)University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2011, June 13). Restarting Comics’ Clock Is Issue No. 1, New York Times, p. C1, C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Simulation Modelling
ISSN (print)1726-4529

Other styles