How to format your references using the Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Maxmen, The hard facts, Nature, 2012, 485, S50-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Giovannoni and D. Nemergut, Ecology. Microbes ride the current, Science, 2014, 345, 1246–1247.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. R. de Forges, J. A. Koslow and G. C. Poore, Diversity and endemism of the benthic seamount fauna in the southwest Pacific, Nature, 2000, 405, 944–947.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. R. Huang, E. C. Cox, R. H. Austin and J. C. Sturm, Continuous particle separation through deterministic lateral displacement, Science, 2004, 304, 987–990.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. P. Ambachtsheer, The Future of Pension Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
H. Chen, Infectious Disease Informatics: Syndromic Surveillance for Public Health and BioDefense, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2010, vol. 21.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Chambolle, M. Morini and M. Ponsiglione, in Geometric Partial Differential Equations proceedings, eds. A. Chambolle, M. Novaga and E. Valdinoci, Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, 2013, pp. 93–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, More Than 32 Million Twitter Passwords May Have Been Hacked And Offered For Sale On The Dark Web, (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, [Comments on MARAD Cooperative Agreement Award for Ship Simulator], U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. D. Lynch, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, New York Times, 2017, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
AbbreviationPhys. Chem. Chem. Phys.
ISSN (print)1463-9076
ISSN (online)1463-9084
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Physics and Astronomy

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