How to format your references using the Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. J. McCauley, Selling out on nature, Nature, 2006, 443, 27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. J. P. Verger and A. R. Boobis, Global food supply. Reevaluate pesticides for food security and safety, Science, 2013, 341, 717–718.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Connors, P. Wiegert and C. Veillet, Earth’s Trojan asteroid, Nature, 2011, 475, 481–483.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Müller, F. Merget, S. Sharif Azadeh, J. Hauck, S. R. García, B. Shen and J. Witzens, Optical peaking enhancement in high-speed ring modulators, Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, 6310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Canham and J. Bennett, Mentorship in Community Nursing: Challenges and Opportunities, Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
B. G. G. Johannessen, Ed., Global Co-Mentoring Networks in Higher Education: Politics, Policies, and Practices, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 1st ed. 2016., 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Bosma, V. Schutjens and E. Stam, in Public Policies for Fostering Entrepreneurship: A European Perspective, eds. R. Baptista and J. Leitao, Springer US, New York, NY, 2009, pp. 59–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Rubidium Doping Leads To New Solar Cell Efficiency Record,, (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Higher Education: Multiple Higher Education Tax Incentives Create Opportunities for Taxpayers to Make Costly Mistakes, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Robles, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin, New York Times, 2017, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
AbbreviationPhys. Chem. Chem. Phys.
ISSN (print)1463-9076
ISSN (online)1463-9084
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Physics and Astronomy

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