How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Dalton, “Golf course threatens to leave hole in fossil records,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6847, p. 572, Aug. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Ban and X. Chen, “Counter-diabatic driving for fast spin control in a two-electron double quantum dot,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6258, Sep. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. E. Budd, N. J. Butterfield, and S. Jensen, “Crustaceans and the ‘Cambrian explosion,’” Science, vol. 294, no. 5549, p. 2047, Dec. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. B. Eckburg et al., “Diversity of the human intestinal microbial flora,” Science, vol. 308, no. 5728, pp. 1635–1638, Jun. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Smilansky, 10 Moral Paradoxes. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2007.
An edited book
F. P. Nijkamp and M. J. Parnham, Eds., Principles of Immunopharmacology. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
F. W. Gwathmey and J. W. T. Byrd, “Hip Pathology That Can Cause Groin Pain in Athletes: Diagnosis and Management,” in Sports Hernia and Athletic Pubalgia: Diagnosis and Treatment, D. R. Diduch and L. M. Brunt, Eds., Boston, MA: Springer US, 2014, pp. 31–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Potential New Non-Addictive Opioid Drug Discovered,” IFLScience, Sep. 07, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Review of the Administration of Research and Demonstration Grants by the Rehabilitation Services Administration,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HRD-79-103, Jul. 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. D. Queener, “A Post-School Outcome Study of Students with Learning Disabilities,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. S. Schmidt, “In a Private Dinner, Trump Demanded Loyalty. Comey Demurred,” New York Times, p. A1, May 12, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing
AbbreviationIEEE J. Sel. Top. Signal Process.
ISSN (print)1932-4553
ScopeSignal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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