How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. J. Bodnar, “Geology. Heavy metals or punk rocks?,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5915, pp. 724–725, Feb. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. A. Burns and J. N. Cuzzi, “Planetary science. Our local astrophysical laboratory,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5781, pp. 1753–1755, Jun. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Tayagaki, Y. Hoshi, and N. Usami, “Investigation of the open-circuit voltage in solar cells doped with quantum dots,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2703, Sep. 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. H. Lee et al., “Human glioblastoma arises from subventricular zone cells with low-level driver mutations,” Nature, vol. 560, no. 7717, pp. 243–247, Aug. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Hackshaw, A Concise Guide to Observational Studies in Healthcare. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
F. Xia, MAC Protocols for Cyber-Physical Systems. in SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Satsu and M. Shimizu, “Food factors that regulate intestinal inflammation: evaluation of the factors by using a coculture system,” in Animal Cell Technology: Basic & Applied Aspects, S. Iijima and K.-I. Nishijima, Eds., Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2006, pp. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Malagasy Songbird Is Rare Instance Of Evolution Working ‘Backwards,’” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Improving the Collection of Debts Owed the Government,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 117014, Dec. 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W. Ithier-Guzman, “Assessing the ability of soils and sediment to adsorb and retain cesium-137 in Puerto Rico,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. S. Schmidt, “Trump Appealed to Comey to Halt Inquiry Into Aide,” New York Times, p. A1, May 16, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing
AbbreviationIEEE J. Sel. Top. Signal Process.
ISSN (print)1932-4553
ScopeSignal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles