How to format your references using the Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H. Wiseman, Quantum physics: Death by experiment for local realism, Nature. 526 (2015) 649–650.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. Giazotto, M.J. Martínez-Pérez, The Josephson heat interferometer, Nature. 492 (2012) 401–405.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Khila, E. Abouheif, L. Rowe, Function, developmental genetics, and fitness consequences of a sexually antagonistic trait, Science. 336 (2012) 585–589.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.N. Van Gelder, E.D. Herzog, W.J. Schwartz, P.H. Taghert, Circadian rhythms: in the loop at last, Science. 300 (2003) 1534–1535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Paladino, Corporate Performance Management Best Practices, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
W. de Souza, ed., Structures and Organelles in Pathogenic Protists, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Boutekkouk, Z. Tolba, M. Okab, Automatic Interface Generation between Incompatible Intellectual Properties (IPs) from UML Models, in: A. Abraham, J. Lloret Mauri, J.F. Buford, J. Suzuki, S.M. Thampi (Eds.), Advances in Computing and Communications: First International Conference, ACC 2011, Kochi, India, July 22-24, 2011. Proceedings, Part II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 40–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena.

Blog post
S. Luntz, First Signs Of Global Warming Appeared In 1940s, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Weather Satellite Costs Have Increased: Problems Have Occurred in Their Manufacturing Quality Control, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Hill, HIV-specific CD8 T-cell clonality, publicity and function under different vaccine modalities, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, A West Side Stepchild Seeks Respect for Its Roots, New York Times. (2001) 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysica D: Nonlinear Phenomena
AbbreviationPhysica D
ISSN (print)0167-2789
ScopeCondensed Matter Physics
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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