How to format your references using the The Journal of Arthroplasty citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Arthroplasty. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Schiermeier Q. Benelux: fertile ground. Nature 2004;428:874–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Huey RB, Moody WJ. Neuroscience and evolution. Snake sodium channels resist TTX arrest. Science 2002;297:1289–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mace GM, Gittleman JL, Purvis A. Preserving the tree of life. Science 2003;300:1707–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Sharpless NE, Bardeesy N, Lee KH, Carrasco D, Castrillon DH, Aguirre AJ, et al. Loss of p16Ink4a with retention of p19Arf predisposes mice to tumorigenesis. Nature 2001;413:86–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Donham KJ, Thelin A. Agricultural Medicine. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Koutsouris D-D, Lazakidou AA, editors. Concepts and Trends in Healthcare Information Systems. vol. 16. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Damon J, Giblin P, Haslinger G. Abstract Classification of Singularities Preserving Features. In: Giblin P, Haslinger G, editors. Local Features in Natural Images via Singularity Theory, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 35–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Arthroplasty.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Pores On The “Platypus Of Microbiology” May Reveal How Complex Life Evolved. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/pores-on-the-platypus-of-microbiology-may-reveal-how-complex-life-evolved/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Plans to Expand Research Community Do Not Match Available Resources. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Slabaugh JL. The Occurrence of Alternans and Arrhythmias in a Multicellular, Cardiac Preparation. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Pilon M. Coaching The Kayakers On 2 Wheels. New York Times 2012:B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Arthroplasty
AbbreviationJ. Arthroplasty
ISSN (print)0883-5403
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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