How to format your references using the The Journal of Arthroplasty citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Arthroplasty. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Haufe G. Chemistry. Putting a greenhouse gas to work. Science 2012;338:1298.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Spitale JN, Porco CC. Association of the jets of Enceladus with the warmest regions on its south-polar fractures. Nature 2007;449:695–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Sato T, Atomi H, Imanaka T. Archaeal type III RuBisCOs function in a pathway for AMP metabolism. Science 2007;315:1003–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Gomes KK, Pasupathy AN, Pushp A, Ono S, Ando Y, Yazdani A. Visualizing pair formation on the atomic scale in the high-Tc superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+delta. Nature 2007;447:569–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Pardoux É. Markov Processes and Applications: Algorithms, Networks, Genome and Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Zentes J. Strategic Retail Management: Text and International Cases. 2nd ed. Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Palucka K, Banchereau J. Cancer Immunotherapy via Dendritic Cells. In: Klink M, editor. Interaction of Immune and Cancer Cells, Vienna: Springer; 2014, p. 75–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Arthroplasty.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Watch A Man Climb Into An Active Volcano. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/video-man-climbs-active-volcano/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Rail Abandonments: Abandonment Activity and Shipper Views on Rail Service Loss. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Felarca CU. A burning problem: Skin protection practices among college nursing students and non-nursing college students. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Walsh MW. Bankruptcy Filing Raises Doubts About a Bond Repayment Pledge. New York Times 2011:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Arthroplasty
AbbreviationJ. Arthroplasty
ISSN (print)0883-5403
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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