How to format your references using the Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maddox J. Obituary: Edward Teller (1908-2003). Nature 2003; 425: 362.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bloch JI, Boyer DM. Grasping primate origins. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2002; 298: 1606.
A journal article with 3 authors
Videler JJ, Stamhuis EJ, Povel GDE. Leading-edge vortex lifts swifts. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2004; 306: 1960.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Colaprete A, Barnes JR, Haberle RM, Hollingsworth JL, Kieffer HH, Titus TN. Albedo of the south pole on Mars determined by topographic forcing of atmosphere dynamics. Nature 2005; 435: 184.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt PJ, Kennedy JE. Financial Derivatives in Theory and Practice: Hunt/Financial Derivatives. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
Reid J. JavaScript Programmer’s Reference. Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Christenson B, Tassi F. Gases in Volcanic Lake Environments. In: Rouwet D, Christenson B, Tassi F, Vandemeulebrouck J, eds. Volcanic Lakes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015: 125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transplantation.

Blog post
Luntz S. Travel Through The Solar System At The Speed Of Light. IFLScience2015;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. EPA: New Motor Vehicles and New Motor Vehicle Engines Air Pollution Control--Voluntary Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rice HJ. Before the Storm: Evacuation Intention and Audience Segmentation. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crawford S. The Wire Next Time. New York Times2014; : A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleTransplantation
ISSN (print)0041-1337
ISSN (online)1534-0608

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