How to format your references using the Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Owens IPF. Ecology and evolution. Sex differences in mortality rate. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2002; 297: 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fry DP, Söderberg P. Lethal aggression in mobile forager bands and implications for the origins of war. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2013; 341: 270.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Li X, Schuler MA, Berenbaum MR. Jasmonate and salicylate induce expression of herbivore cytochrome P450 genes. Nature 2002; 419: 712.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
1.
Makino Y, Cao R, Svensson K et al. Inhibitory PAS domain protein is a negative regulator of hypoxia-inducible gene expression. Nature 2001; 414: 550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rossner W, Graubner C-A. Spannbetonbauwerke. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2012.
An edited book
1.
Iskra J, editor. Halogenated Heterocycles: Synthesis, Application and Environment. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Karni R, Kaner M. An engineering tool for the conceptual design of service systems. In: Spath D, Fähnrich K-P, eds. Advances in Services Innovations. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007: 65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Transplantation.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Early Humans Had Gender Equal Societies [Internet]. IFLScience2015; [cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/early-humans-had-gender-equal-societies/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Regulatory Effects on R&D Are Better Assessed As Part of the Innovation Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Copeland EJ. A grant proposal for individuals with severe mental illness. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Mele C. Firearms and Drivers, A Lethal Combination. New York Times2017; : A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleTransplantation
AbbreviationTransplantation
ISSN (print)0041-1337
ISSN (online)1534-0608
ScopeTransplantation

Other styles