How to format your references using the Journal of Signal Processing Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Signal Processing Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Porter, S. M. (2007). Seawater chemistry and early carbonate biomineralization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5829), 1302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Day, J., & Beamish, J. (2007). Low-temperature shear modulus changes in solid 4He and connection to supersolidity. Nature, 450(7171), 853–856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tersoff, J., Jesson, D. E., & Tang, W. X. (2009). Running droplets of gallium from evaporation of gallium arsenide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5924), 236–238.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, C.-Z., Snow, J. E., Hellebrand, E., Brügmann, G., von der Handt, A., Büchl, A., & Hofmann, A. W. (2008). Ancient, highly heterogeneous mantle beneath Gakkel ridge, Arctic Ocean. Nature, 452(7185), 311–316.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adhikari, S. (2013). Structural Dynamic Analysis with Generalized Damping Models. Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Antona, M., & Stephanidis, C. (Eds.). (2015). Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Access to Today’s Technologies: 9th International Conference, UAHCI 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part I (Vol. 9175). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Khong, T. Y. (2007). Spontaneous Abortion and the Pathology of Early Pregnancy. In J. W. Keeling & T. Y. Khong (Eds.), Fetal and Neonatal Pathology (pp. 102–122). London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Signal Processing Systems.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 10). Supermassive Black Holes Become Shrouded In Dust During Galaxy Mergers. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Pedestrians and Cyclists: Cities, States, and DOT Are Implementing Actions to Improve Safety (No. GAO-16-66). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beeler, M. C. (2010). Disordered Ultracold Two-Dimensional Bose Gases (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, October 31). Michael Tilson Thomas To Step Down in 2020. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Signal Processing Systems
AbbreviationJ. Signal Process. Syst.
ISSN (print)1939-8018
ISSN (online)1939-8115
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Information Systems
Signal Processing
Control and Systems Engineering
Modelling and Simulation
Theoretical Computer Science

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