How to format your references using the International Journal of Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bickford, D. (2002). Animal behavior: male parenting of New Guinea froglets. Nature, 418(6898), 601–602.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szolnoki, A., & Perc, M. (2014). Defection and extortion as unexpected catalysts of unconditional cooperation in structured populations. Scientific Reports, 4, 5496.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barry, L., Craig, G. C., & Thuburn, J. (2002). Poleward heat transport by the atmospheric heat engine. Nature, 415(6873), 774–777.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dehaene, S., Izard, V., Pica, P., & Spelke, E. (2006). Core knowledge of geometry in an Amazonian indigene group. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5759), 381–384.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gilmore, R., & Lefranc, M. (2011). The Topology of Chaos. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Schmauder, S. (2009). Micromechanics and Nanosimulation of Metals and Composites: Advanced Methods and Theoretical Concepts (L. Mishnaevsky, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fournari, R., Ioannou, I., & Vatyliotis, D. (2015). A Study of Fine Aggregate Properties and Their Effect on the Quality of Cementitious Composite Materials. In G. Lollino, A. Manconi, F. Guzzetti, M. Culshaw, P. Bobrowsky, & F. Luino (Eds.), Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 5: Urban Geology, Sustainable Planning and Landscape Exploitation (pp. 33–36). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Control.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, September 26). Pharmaceutical Company Bumps Up Price Of Skin Cream To Nearly $10,000. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Freight Rail Security: Actions Have Been Taken to Enhance Security, but the Federal Strategy Can Be Strengthened and Security Efforts Better Monitored (GAO-09-243). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, A. D. (2008). Measuring the efficacy of a Ninth Grade Academy on students with disabilities [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2008, April 16). Putin to Take Helm of Party After Leaving The Presidency. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bickford, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Bickford, 2002; Szolnoki & Perc, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szolnoki & Perc, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Barry et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dehaene et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Control
AbbreviationInt. J. Control
ISSN (print)0020-7179
ISSN (online)1366-5820
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering

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