How to format your references using the International Journal of Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Ghosts in the machine. Nature, 427(6977), 867.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bauch, C. T., & Galvani, A. P. (2013). Epidemiology. Social factors in epidemiology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6154), 47–49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, T.-R. A., Helmberger, D. V., & Grand, S. P. (2004). Low-velocity zone atop the 410-km seismic discontinuity in the northwestern United States. Nature, 427(6974), 530–533.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bessonov, S., Anokhina, M., Will, C. L., Urlaub, H., & Lührmann, R. (2008). Isolation of an active step I spliceosome and composition of its RNP core. Nature, 452(7189), 846–850.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh, S. A., & Rahman, M. A. (2010). An Introduction to Wavelet Modulated Inverters. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hei, X. J., & Cheung, L. (Eds.). (2010). Access Networks: 4th International Conference, AccessNets 2009, Hong Kong, China, November 1-3, 2009, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 37). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Razeeb, K. M., Hasan, M., Jamal, M., & Mathewson, A. (2016). Electrochemically Fabricated Nanostructures in Energy Storage and Conversion Applications. In M. Aliofkhazraei & A. S. H. Makhlouf (Eds.), Handbook of Nanoelectrochemistry: Electrochemical Synthesis Methods, Properties, and Characterization Techniques (pp. 71–100). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Control.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, May 10). “Cuckoo Mafia” Goes After Victims’ Families. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Defaulted Loans Under the Guaranteed Student Loan Program (B-117604(7)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liburd-Shaddai, J. L. (2012). The experiences of remedial instructors at one urban community college: A case study [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crair, B. (2016, August 16). Where Mark Twain Found Inspiration. New York Times, TR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bauch & Galvani, 2013; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bauch & Galvani, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Song et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bessonov et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Control
AbbreviationInt. J. Control
ISSN (print)0020-7179
ISSN (online)1366-5820
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Control and Systems Engineering

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