How to format your references using the Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gupta, S. Contingency Management: Why It Pays to Quit. Nature 2015, 522, S57-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trachenko, K.; Brazhkin, V.V. Duality of Liquids. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2188.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rössler, U.K.; Bogdanov, A.N.; Pfleiderer, C. Spontaneous Skyrmion Ground States in Magnetic Metals. Nature 2006, 442, 797–801.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tateishi, K.; Okada, Y.; Kallin, E.M.; Zhang, Y. Role of Jhdm2a in Regulating Metabolic Gene Expression and Obesity Resistance. Nature 2009, 458, 757–761.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lachin, J.M. Biostatistical Methods: The Assessment of Relative Risks; Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9780470907412.
An edited book
Sen, R. Secularism and Religion in Multi-Faith Societies: The Case of India; Wagner, W., Howarth, C., Eds.; SpringerBriefs in Political Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; ISBN 9783319019215.
A chapter in an edited book
Hayashi, Y.; Ikeda, M. Knowledge Level Design Support for Adaptive Learning Contents: Ontological Consideration of Knowledge Level Structure of SCORM2004 Contents. In New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: Joint JSAI 2005 Workshop Post-Proceedings; Washio, T., Sakurai, A., Nakajima, K., Takeda, H., Tojo, S., Yokoo, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; pp. 41–52 ISBN 9783540354703.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacy.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Scientists Have Figured Out What Caused The “Alien Radio Signal” Coming From A Distant Exoplanet (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Review of the National Center for Research in Vocational Education; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1984;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mande, M. Sisyphus’s Fault: How the Shifting Terrain of a Changing Institution Makes Curriculum Reform an “Impossible Task.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. Dominant So Far on Clay, Nadal Hits A Bump on the Road to Roland Garros. New York Times 2017, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacy
AbbreviationPharmacy (Basel)
ISSN (online)2226-4787

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