How to format your references using the Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Darnovsky, M. A Slippery Slope to Human Germline Modification. Nature 2013, 499, 127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuo, I.-F.W.; Mundy, C.J. An Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Study of the Aqueous Liquid-Vapor Interface. Science 2004, 303, 658–660.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, S.-J.; Taton, T.A.; Mirkin, C.A. Array-Based Electrical Detection of DNA with Nanoparticle Probes. Science 2002, 295, 1503–1506.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, A.L.; Chen, X.; Hoon, M.A.; Chandrashekar, J.; Guo, W.; Tränkner, D.; Ryba, N.J.P.; Zuker, C.S. The Cells and Logic for Mammalian Sour Taste Detection. Nature 2006, 442, 934–938.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Riehle, F. Frequency Standards; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2003; ISBN 9783527605996.
An edited book
Molecular Pathology of Neoplastic Gastrointestinal Diseases; Sepulveda, A.R., Lynch, J.P., Eds.; Molecular Pathology Library; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2013; Vol. 7; ISBN 9781461460145.
A chapter in an edited book
Pol, L.G.; Thomas, R.K. Population Composition. In The Demography of Health and Healthcare: Third Edition; Thomas, R.K., Ed.; The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; pp. 65–89 ISBN 9789048189021.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacy.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. How Fish And Clean Water Can Protect Coral Reefs From Warming Oceans (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office High Speed Passenger Rail: Developing Viable High Speed Rail Projects under the Recovery Act and Beyond; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fanelli, R.M. Effects of Urbanization and Infiltration-Based Watershed Restoration on the Hydro-Ecology of Headwater Streams. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park: College Park, MD, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. A Household In Thrall To Tales Told. New York Times 2017, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacy
AbbreviationPharmacy (Basel)
ISSN (online)2226-4787

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