How to format your references using the Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reich, P.B. Elevated CO2 reduces losses of plant diversity caused by nitrogen deposition. Science 2009, 326, 1399–1402.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clem, R.L.; Huganir, R.L. Calcium-permeable AMPA receptor dynamics mediate fear memory erasure. Science 2010, 330, 1108–1112.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huynh, W.U.; Dittmer, J.J.; Alivisatos, A.P. Hybrid nanorod-polymer solar cells. Science 2002, 295, 2425–2427.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Narteau, C.; Byrdina, S.; Shebalin, P.; Schorlemmer, D. Common dependence on stress for the two fundamental laws of statistical seismology. Nature 2009, 462, 642–645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birla, R. Introduction to Tissue Engineering; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014; ISBN 9781118886410.
An edited book
Vickers, L. Fire-Resistant Geopolymers: Role of Fibres and Fillers to Enhance Thermal Properties; van Riessen, A., Rickard, W.D.A., Eds.; SpringerBriefs in Materials; Springer: Singapore, 2015; ISBN 9789812873101.
A chapter in an edited book
Lehner, M.; Tichler, R.; Steinmüller, H.; Koppe, M. Business Models. In Power-to-Gas: Technology and Business Models; Tichler, R., Steinmüller, H., Koppe, M., Eds.; SpringerBriefs in Energy; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 63–93 ISBN 9783319039947.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 10 Space Myths We Need to Stop Believing (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Department of Transportation: Issues Related to Transportation Funding; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, K.R. The need for social workers in community clinic settings: A grant writing project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Roberts Is at Court’s Helm, But He Isn’t Yet in Control. New York Times 2006, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacy
AbbreviationPharmacy (Basel)
ISSN (online)2226-4787

Other styles