How to format your references using the Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Poeppelmeier, K. Solid state chemistry. A mixed oxide-hydride perovskite. Science 2002, 295, 1849.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luo, J.; Lai, Y. Anisotropic zero-index waveguide with arbitrary shapes. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 5875.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barnes, S.E.; Ieda, J.; Maekawa, S. Rashba spin-orbit anisotropy and the electric field control of magnetism. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4105.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, W.; Wang, Y.; Lee, O.O.; Tian, R.; Cao, H.; Gao, Z.; Li, Y.; Yu, L.; Xu, Y.; Qian, P.-Y. Adaptation of intertidal biofilm communities is driven by metal ion and oxidative stresses. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3180.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Haik, B.S. Axiomatic Quality; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005; ISBN 9780471714682.
An edited book
Lectures on Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology: Proceedings of the Third IDPASC School, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, January 21 -- February 2, 2013; Merino, C., Ed.; Springer Proceedings in Physics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 161; ISBN 9783319122373.
A chapter in an edited book
Ogawa, K.; Ishiuchi, S.; Murayama, S. Brain Metastases from Breast Cancer: Treatment and Prognosis. In Tumors of the Central Nervous system, Volume 3: Brain Tumors (Part 1); Hayat, M.A., Ed.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011; pp. 47–52 ISBN 9789400713987.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacy.

Blog post
Hale, T. The UK Will Ban Plastic Microbeads By 2017 (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telephone Communications: Bell Operating Company Entry Into New Lines of Business; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1986;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barnard, S. Police officers’ attitudes about rape victims. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Codrea-Rado, A. Pharrell Williams Kneels in Protest. New York Times 2017, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacy
AbbreviationPharmacy (Basel)
ISSN (online)2226-4787

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