How to format your references using the Academy of Management Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Academy of Management Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smil, V., V. (2000). Jumbo. Nature, 406(6793), 239.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nisbet, E. G., & Chappellaz, J. (2009). Atmospheric science. Shifting gear, quickly. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5926), 477–478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rössler, U. K., Bogdanov, A. N., & Pfleiderer, C. (2006). Spontaneous skyrmion ground states in magnetic metals. Nature, 442(7104), 797–801.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Katzourakis, A., Gifford, R. J., Tristem, M., Gilbert, M. T. P., & Pybus, O. G. (2009). Macroevolution of complex retroviruses. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5947), 1512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quesnel, F. (2014). Scheduling of Large-Scale Virtualized Infrastructures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rose, A. (Ed.). (2015). Anticoagulation Management: A Guidebook for Pharmacists (1st ed. 2015.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
van Staden, S., & Hoare, T. (2013). Algebra Unifies Operational Calculi. In B. Wolff, M.-C. Gaudel, & A. Feliachi (Eds.), Unifying Theories of Programming: 4th International Symposium, UTP 2012, Paris, France, August 27-28, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (pp. 88–104). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Academy of Management Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 15). Time Lapse Video of Strawberries. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Nanotechnology: Nanomaterials Are Widely Used in Commerce, but EPA Faces Challenges in Regulating Risk ( No. GAO-10-549). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sammons, J. L. (2012). Perceived benefits of and barriers to physical exercise in people with severe mental illness (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B. (2016, September 24). Syrian Forces Capture Refugee Camp, Tightening Siege of Rebels in Aleppo. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smil, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Nisbet & Chappellaz, 2009; Smil, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nisbet & Chappellaz, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Rössler, Bogdanov, & Pfleiderer, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Katzourakis, Gifford, Tristem, Gilbert, & Pybus, 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAcademy of Management Perspectives
AbbreviationAcad. Manag. Perspect.
ISSN (print)1558-9080
ISSN (online)1943-4529
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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