How to format your references using the Academy of Management Perspectives citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Academy of Management Perspectives. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Delft, J. (2000). MESOSCOPIC PHYSICS: Quantum Dots as Tunable Kondo Impurities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5487), 2064–2065.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miyanari, Y., & Torres-Padilla, M.-E. (2012). Control of ground-state pluripotency by allelic regulation of Nanog. Nature, 483(7390), 470–473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine, D. I., Toffel, M. W., & Johnson, M. S. (2012). Randomized government safety inspections reduce worker injuries with no detectable job loss. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6083), 907–911.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Haji-Akbari, A., Engel, M., Keys, A. S., Zheng, X., Petschek, R. G., Palffy-Muhoray, P., & Glotzer, S. C. (2009). Disordered, quasicrystalline and crystalline phases of densely packed tetrahedra. Nature, 462(7274), 773–777.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Good, P. I., & Hardin, J. W. (2006). Common Errors in Statistics (and How to Avoid Them). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jiang, X., & Petkov, N. (Eds.). (2009). Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 13th International Conference, CAIP 2009, Münster, Germany, September 2-4, 2009. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Vol. 5702). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wei, B., Dai, F., & Liu, J. (2011). Evaluation of the Industrial Economic Benefits Based on TOPSIS. In R. Chen (Ed.), Intelligent Computing and Information Science: International Conference, ICICIS 2011, Chongqing, China, January 8-9, 2011. Proceedings, Part II, Communications in Computer and Information Science (pp. 30–34). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Academy of Management Perspectives.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 7). Can You Solve These 5 Physics Phenomena? IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). High Speed Rail: Learning From Service Start-ups, Prospects for Increased Industry Investment, and Federal Oversight Plans ( No. GAO-10-625). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sokoya, K. (2014). A Historical Analysis of the Contributions of the Black Power Movement to Higher Education: 1960 – 1980 (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, September 7). Company Town. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Delft, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Delft, 2000; Miyanari & Torres-Padilla, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miyanari & Torres-Padilla, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Levine, Toffel, & Johnson, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Haji-Akbari et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAcademy of Management Perspectives
AbbreviationAcad. Manag. Perspect.
ISSN (print)1558-9080
ISSN (online)1943-4529
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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