How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoagland, M., 2004. Enter transfer RNA. Nature 431, 249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, D.L., Johnson, S.A.S., 2008. Cell biology. RNA metabolism and oncogenesis. Science 320, 461–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
Riedel-Kruse, I.H., Müller, C., Oates, A.C., 2007. Synchrony dynamics during initiation, failure, and rescue of the segmentation clock. Science 317, 1911–1915.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gutmann, S., Haebel, P.W., Metzinger, L., Sutter, M., Felden, B., Ban, N., 2003. Crystal structure of the transfer-RNA domain of transfer-messenger RNA in complex with SmpB. Nature 424, 699–703.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi, M.H., 2003. Settleability Problems and Loss of Solids in the Activated Sludge Process. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Curtis, B., 2014. Practical Oracle Database Appliance. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, G., Baek, J., Wong, D.S., Bao, F., 2007. On the Generic and Efficient Constructions of Secure Designated Confirmer Signatures, in: Okamoto, T., Wang, X. (Eds.), Public Key Cryptography – PKC 2007: 10th International Conference on Practice and Theory in Public-Key Cryptography Beijing, China, April 16-20, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Turns Out That New Massive Ancient Egyptian Statue Isn’t Ramses II [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Federal Patent Policy (No. T-RCED-87-26). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bible, P.W., 2013. Integrating Heterogeneous Datasets for Functional Profiling of Transcription Factors and Their Target Genes (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., Gordon, M.R., 2017. With Tensions Rising, How U.S. Military Actions Could Play Out in North Korea. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoagland, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hoagland, 2004; Johnson and Johnson, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson and Johnson, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Gutmann et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroendocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Neuroendocrinol.
ISSN (print)0091-3022
ScopeEndocrine and Autonomic Systems

Other styles