How to format your references using the Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nilsson, O., 2013. Plant science. A pathway to flowering--why staying cool matters. Science 342, 566–567.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pörtner, H.O., Farrell, A.P., 2008. Ecology. Physiology and climate change. Science 322, 690–692.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, E., Pandey, N.B., Popel, A.S., 2014. Lymphatic endothelial cells support tumor growth in breast cancer. Sci. Rep. 4, 5853.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wilhelm, B.T., Marguerat, S., Watt, S., Schubert, F., Wood, V., Goodhead, I., Penkett, C.J., Rogers, J., Bähler, J., 2008. Dynamic repertoire of a eukaryotic transcriptome surveyed at single-nucleotide resolution. Nature 453, 1239–1243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Péra, M.-C., Hissel, D., Gualous, H., Turpin, C., 2013. Electrochemical Components. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Eiter, T., Libkin, L. (Eds.), 2005. Database Theory - ICDT 2005: 10th International Conference, Edinburgh, UK, January 5-7, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Day, C., Harris, B., 2016. Understanding and Planning Emotions Research, in: Zembylas, M., Schutz, P.A. (Eds.), Methodological Advances in Research on Emotion and Education. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Dunkin’ Donuts Ditches Titanium Dioxide – But Is It Actually Harmful? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (No. GAO-01-258). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reimer, E.L., 2010. Grant proposal: Support services for families of children diagnosed with autism (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., Gelles, D., 2017. Where’s My Wonka Bar? New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nilsson, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Nilsson, 2013; Pörtner and Farrell, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pörtner and Farrell, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilhelm et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Neuroendocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Neuroendocrinol.
ISSN (print)0091-3022
ScopeEndocrine and Autonomic Systems

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