How to format your references using the Experimental and Applied Acarology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Applied Acarology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ottino JM (2003) Is a picture worth 1,000 words? Nature 421:474–476
A journal article with 2 authors
Ollerton J, Coulthard E (2009) Paleontology. Evolution of animal pollination. Science 326:808–809
A journal article with 3 authors
Leung AKW, Nagai K, Li J (2011) Structure of the spliceosomal U4 snRNP core domain and its implication for snRNP biogenesis. Nature 473:536–539
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Douglas S, Zauner S, Fraunholz M, et al (2001) The highly reduced genome of an enslaved algal nucleus. Nature 410:1091–1096

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen W, Xiao H, Wang Q, et al (2016) Integrated Vehicle Dynamics and Control. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Smith S (2007) Practical MythTV: Building a PVR and Media Center PC. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Bon C, Raudrant D (2011) Use of Umbilical Venous Blood on Assessing the Biochemical Variations of Acid–Base, Nutritional and Metabolic Parameters on Growth-Retarded Fetuses, in Comparison with Gestational Control Cases: A Study. In: Bhattacharya N, Stubblefield P (eds) Regenerative Medicine Using Pregnancy-Specific Biological Substances. Springer, London, pp 31–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Applied Acarology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Five Science ‘Facts’ We Learnt At School That Are Plain Wrong. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Minicomputers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cole Jackson M (2015) National school reform: the benefits of civility and ethics instruction. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2015) Depicting Envy, ‘the Most Corrosive of the Sins.’ New York Times WE8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ottino 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Ottino 2003; Ollerton and Coulthard 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ollerton and Coulthard 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Douglas et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Applied Acarology
AbbreviationExp. Appl. Acarol.
ISSN (print)0168-8162
ISSN (online)1572-9702
ScopeInsect Science
General Medicine

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