How to format your references using the Experimental and Applied Acarology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Applied Acarology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Qiu J (2007) China tightens up. Nature 448:636–637
A journal article with 2 authors
Famiglietti JS, Rodell M (2013) Environmental science. Water in the balance. Science 340:1300–1301
A journal article with 3 authors
Taylor GK, Nudds RL, Thomas ALR (2003) Flying and swimming animals cruise at a Strouhal number tuned for high power efficiency. Nature 425:707–711
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xiang Y, Meng S, Wang J, et al (2014) Two novel DNA motifs are essential for BACE1 gene transcription. Sci Rep 4:6864

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zink M (2005) Scalable Video on Demand. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,., West Sussex, England
An edited book
Munteanu L (2005) Introduction to Soliton Theory: Applications to Mechanics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Xie H, Onal C, Régnier S, Sitti M (2012) Teleoperation Based AFM Manipulation Control. In: Onal C, Régnier S, Sitti M (eds) Atomic Force Microscopy Based Nanorobotics: Modelling, Simulation, Setup Building and Experiments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 145–235

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Applied Acarology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Men’s Magazine Prints Editions Using HIV-Infected Blood To Tackle Stigma. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Telecommunications: Issues Related to Federal Funding for Public Television by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carlson DL (2014) BOUND/(bang). Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K (2002) Making My Own Music. New York Times A21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Qiu 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Qiu 2007; Famiglietti and Rodell 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Famiglietti and Rodell 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Applied Acarology
AbbreviationExp. Appl. Acarol.
ISSN (print)0168-8162
ISSN (online)1572-9702
ScopeInsect Science
General Medicine

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