How to format your references using the Experimental and Applied Acarology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Applied Acarology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cale CM (2015) Forensic DNA evidence is not infallible. Nature 526:611
A journal article with 2 authors
Robinson CM, Pfeiffer JK (2014) Virology. Leaping the norovirus hurdle. Science 346:700–701
A journal article with 3 authors
Riolo RL, Cohen MD, Axelrod R (2001) Evolution of cooperation without reciprocity. Nature 414:441–443
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mangalassery S, Sjögersten S, Sparkes DL, et al (2014) To what extent can zero tillage lead to a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from temperate soils? Sci Rep 4:4586

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mory M (2013) Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Toniolo L, Boriani M, Guidi G (eds) (2015) Built Heritage: Monitoring Conservation Management. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Baume O, Wackernagel H, Gauvreau B, et al (2008) Geostatistical Modeling of Environmental Sound Propagation. In: Soares A, Pereira MJ, Dimitrakopoulos R (eds) geoENV VI – Geostatistics for Environmental Applications: Proceedings of the Sixth European Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 45–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Applied Acarology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) How Many Arms Does Our Galaxy Have? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Federal Aviation Administration: Challenges Facing the Agency in Fiscal Year 2008 and Beyond. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulsifer JE (2012) Learning from the Uighurs: Correcting Inadequate Due Process in Terrorist Financing Sanction Regimes. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO (2014) Friday File. New York Times C31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cale 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Robinson and Pfeiffer 2014; Cale 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robinson and Pfeiffer 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Mangalassery et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Applied Acarology
AbbreviationExp. Appl. Acarol.
ISSN (print)0168-8162
ISSN (online)1572-9702
ScopeInsect Science
General Medicine

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