How to format your references using the Experimental and Applied Acarology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Applied Acarology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloom P (2004) Behavior. Can a dog learn a word? Science 304:1605–1606
A journal article with 2 authors
Ho C-H, Chen H-H (2014) Optically decomposed near-band-edge structure and excitonic transitions in Ga₂S₃. Sci Rep 4:6143
A journal article with 3 authors
Goldner A, Herold N, Huber M (2014) Antarctic glaciation caused ocean circulation changes at the Eocene-Oligocene transition. Nature 511:574–577
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hu K, Ji L, Applegate KT, et al (2007) Differential transmission of actin motion within focal adhesions. Science 315:111–115

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tatham M, Morton K (2006) Developments in Speech Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Schattman GL, Esteves SC, Agarwal A (eds) (2015) Unexplained Infertility: Pathophysiology, Evaluation and Treatment. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Zhu M, Martínez S (2015) Distributed Resilient Formation Control. In: Martínez S (ed) Distributed Optimization-Based Control of Multi-Agent Networks in Complex Environments. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 91–118

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Applied Acarology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Diverse Ecosystems Control Infectious Diseases. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017) School Bus Safety: Crash Data Trends and Federal and State Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCoy N (2015) Functionality Evaluation of the Wave Suppressor and Sediment Collection (WSSC) System: Wave Reduction, Sediment Collection, Mathematical Model, and Preliminary Field Evaluation. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J (2014) Undercover TV Reports on School Security Raise Ethical Questions. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bloom 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bloom 2004; Ho and Chen 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ho and Chen 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Applied Acarology
AbbreviationExp. Appl. Acarol.
ISSN (print)0168-8162
ISSN (online)1572-9702
ScopeInsect Science
General Medicine

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