How to format your references using the Experimental and Applied Acarology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Applied Acarology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steneck RS (2006) Ecology. Staying connected in a turbulent world. Science 311:480–481
A journal article with 2 authors
Weston CR, Davis RJ (2001) Signal transduction: signaling specificity- a complex affair. Science 292:2439–2440
A journal article with 3 authors
Bandfield JL, Glotch TD, Christensen PR (2003) Spectroscopic identification of carbonate minerals in the martian dust. Science 301:1084–1087
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Steck K, Veit D, Grandy R, et al (2013) ERRATUM: A high-throughput behavioral paradigm for Drosophila olfaction - The Flywalk. Sci Rep 3:1495

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Price J (2010) The Conscious Investor. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ho Y-S, Kim H-J (eds) (2005) Advances in Multimedia Information Processing - PCM 2005: 6th Pacific Rim Conference on Multimedia, Jeju Island, Korea, November 13-16, 2005, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chikrii AA (2006) Game Problems for Systems with Fractional Derivatives of Arbitrary Order. In: Haurie A, Muto S, Petrosjan LA, Raghavan TES (eds) Advances in Dynamic Games: Applications to Economics, Management Science, Engineering, and Environmental Management. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp 105–113

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Applied Acarology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Jaguar Attacks Caiman. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Emergency Preparedness: Current Emergency Alert System Has Limitations, and Development of a New Integrated System Will Be Challenging. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelleher A (2017) Gendered Intent to Turnover Resulting from Workplace Bullying in Nursing and Medical Fields. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson J (2017) University Presses. New York Times BR31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steneck 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Weston and Davis 2001; Steneck 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weston and Davis 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Steck et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Applied Acarology
AbbreviationExp. Appl. Acarol.
ISSN (print)0168-8162
ISSN (online)1572-9702
ScopeInsect Science
General Medicine

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