How to format your references using the Experimental and Applied Acarology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Applied Acarology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mocumbi P (2004) Plague of my people. Nature 430:925
A journal article with 2 authors
Mendelson TC, Shaw KL (2005) Sexual behaviour: rapid speciation in an arthropod. Nature 433:375–376
A journal article with 3 authors
Park GD, Ko YN, Kang YC (2014) Electrochemical properties of cobalt hydroxychloride microspheres as a new anode material for Li-ion batteries. Sci Rep 4:5785
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kawai H, Kanegae T, Christensen S, et al (2003) Responses of ferns to red light are mediated by an unconventional photoreceptor. Nature 421:287–290

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Svensson H (2012) Cable-Stayed Bridges. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Borghese F (2007) Scattering from Model Nonspherical Particles: Theory and Applications to Environmental Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hoch EN, Ben-Or M, Dolev D (2010) A Fault-Resistant Asynchronous Clock Function. In: Dolev S, Cobb J, Fischer M, Yung M (eds) Stabilization, Safety, and Security of Distributed Systems: 12th International Symposium, SSS 2010, New York, NY, USA, September 20-22, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 19–34

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Applied Acarology.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2014) Beetle Uses ‘Switchable Reflector’ To Change From Gold to Red. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Commercial Aviation: Program Aimed at High-Risk Parent Abductors Could Aid in Preventing Abductions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olszewski RM (2012) Donor Motivations for Donating to a Nonprofit Without a Previous Relationship. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Green LV (2006) Beds of State. New York Times LI15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mocumbi 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Mocumbi 2004; Mendelson and Shaw 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mendelson and Shaw 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kawai et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Applied Acarology
AbbreviationExp. Appl. Acarol.
ISSN (print)0168-8162
ISSN (online)1572-9702
ScopeInsect Science
General Medicine

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