How to format your references using the Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hartwell, L., 2004. Genetics. Robust interactions. Science 303, 774–775.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frank, J., Agrawal, R.K., 2000. A ratchet-like inter-subunit reorganization of the ribosome during translocation. Nature 406, 318–322.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wender, P.A., Kee, J.-M., Warrington, J.M., 2008. Practical synthesis of prostratin, DPP, and their analogs, adjuvant leads against latent HIV. Science 320, 649–652.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lam, R.T.S., Belenguer, A., Roberts, S.L., Naumann, C., Jarrosson, T., Otto, S., Sanders, J.K.M., 2005. Amplification of acetylcholine-binding catenanes from dynamic combinatorial libraries. Science 308, 667–669.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pettit, J., 2017. The Final Frontier. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gutwirth, S., Leenes, R., De Hert, P. (Eds.), 2014. Reloading Data Protection: Multidisciplinary Insights and Contemporary Challenges. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Chakravarthy, S., Jiang, Q., 2009. MODELING CONTINUOUS QUERIES OVER DATA STREAMS, in: Chakravarthy, S. (Ed.), Stream Data Processing: A Quality of Service Perspective: Modeling, Scheduling, Load Shedding, and Complex Event Processing, Advances in Database Systems. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 49–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Cave-Climbing Catfish Discovered In Ecuador [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Commercial Space Transportation: Development of the Commercial Space Launch Industry Presents Safety Oversight Challenges for FAA and Raises Issues Affecting Federal Roles (No. GAO-10-286T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks-Harris, M.T., 2012. Quality Induction: The Effects of Comprehensive Induction on New Teacher Retention and Job Satisfaction (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philpott, M.L., 2017. Finding What I Need at the Mall. New York Times SR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hartwell, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Frank and Agrawal, 2000; Hartwell, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frank and Agrawal, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Lam et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
AbbreviationPharmacol. Biochem. Behav.
ISSN (print)0091-3057
Clinical Biochemistry
Behavioral Neuroscience
Biological Psychiatry

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