How to format your references using the Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blowes, D., 2002. Environmental chemistry. Tracking hexavalent Cr in groundwater. Science 295, 2024–2025.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, W.M., Ceci, S.J., 2005. Recruiters and academia. Academics worry about hiring “undiscovered geniuses.” Nature 435, 534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bejan, A., Ziaei, S., Lorente, S., 2014. Evolution: why all plumes and jets evolve to round cross sections. Sci. Rep. 4, 4730.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vermot, J., Gallego Llamas, J., Fraulob, V., Niederreither, K., Chambon, P., Dollé, P., 2005. Retinoic acid controls the bilateral symmetry of somite formation in the mouse embryo. Science 308, 563–566.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ancheyta, J., 2016. Deactivation of Heavy Oil Hydroprocessing Catalysts. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey.
An edited book
Donaldson, D., Raahauge, B.E. (Eds.), 2016. Essential Readings in Light Metals: Volume 1 Alumina and Bauxite. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Vittal, V., Ma, F., 2013. A Hybrid Dynamic Equivalent Using ANN-Based Boundary Matching Technique, in: Chow, J.H. (Ed.), Power System Coherency and Model Reduction, Power Electronics and Power Systems. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 91–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How Did Jupiter And Saturn Form? The Answer May Lie With The Humble Pebble [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. DOD’s High-Risk Areas: Efforts to Improve Supply Chain Can Be Enhanced by Linkage to Outcomes, Progress in Transforming Business Operations, and Reexamination of Logistics Governance and Strategy (No. GAO-07-1064T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wei, C.-S., 2017. Towards Brain Decoding for Real-World Drowsiness Detection (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Silver, N., 2012. Let’s Play Medalball! New York Times MM40.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blowes, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Blowes, 2002; Williams and Ceci, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Ceci, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Vermot et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
AbbreviationPharmacol. Biochem. Behav.
ISSN (print)0091-3057
Clinical Biochemistry
Behavioral Neuroscience
Biological Psychiatry

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