How to format your references using the Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baulcombe, D.C., 2007. Molecular biology. Amplified silencing. Science 315, 199–200.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parish, M.M., Littlewood, P.B., 2003. Non-saturating magnetoresistance in heavily disordered semiconductors. Nature 426, 162–165.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bence, N.F., Sampat, R.M., Kopito, R.R., 2001. Impairment of the ubiquitin-proteasome system by protein aggregation. Science 292, 1552–1555.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Aldeco-Perez, E., Rosenthal, A.J., Donnadieu, B., Parameswaran, P., Frenking, G., Bertrand, G., 2009. Isolation of a C5-deprotonated imidazolium, a crystalline “abnormal” N-heterocyclic carbene. Science 326, 556–559.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gu, X., Jiang, N., Ji, K., Li, H., Qiu, X., Li, W., Ji, X., Du, H., Sheng, B., Huang, H., 2017. Self-healing Control Technology for Distribution Networks. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Volkmar, F.R., Reichow, B., McPartland, J.C. (Eds.), 2014. Adolescents and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Trajcevski, G., Scheuermann, P., 2007. Adaptive and Context-Aware Reconciliation of Reactive and Pro-active Behavior in Evolving Systems, in: Chen, P.P., Wong, L.Y. (Eds.), Active Conceptual Modeling of Learning: Next Generation Learning-Base System Development, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 30–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Amazing Video Of A Mantis Shrimp Spearing A Fish In Slow Motion [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. 2020 Census: Prioritized Information Technology Research and Testing Is Needed for Census Design Decisions (No. GAO-14-389). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gindin, M., 2012. Identification and Characterization of Putative Secreted Proteins from the Adult-Stage Hookworm, Ancylostoma caninum (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rich, N., 2014. The New Origin of the Species. New York Times MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baulcombe, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Baulcombe, 2007; Parish and Littlewood, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parish and Littlewood, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Aldeco-Perez et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
AbbreviationPharmacol. Biochem. Behav.
ISSN (print)0091-3057
Clinical Biochemistry
Behavioral Neuroscience
Biological Psychiatry

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