How to format your references using the Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koch, C., 2012. Systems biology. Modular biological complexity. Science 337, 531–532.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toyoshima, C., Nomura, H., 2002. Structural changes in the calcium pump accompanying the dissociation of calcium. Nature 418, 605–611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, S.W., Shimoyama, T., Hosono, H., 2011. Solvated electrons in high-temperature melts and glasses of the room-temperature stable electride [Ca₂₄Al₂₈O₆₄]4+·4e. Science 333, 71–74.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Söllner, C., Rauch, G.-J., Siemens, J., Geisler, R., Schuster, S.C., Müller, U., Nicolson, T., Tübingen 2000 Screen Consortium, 2004. Mutations in cadherin 23 affect tip links in zebrafish sensory hair cells. Nature 428, 955–959.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartlett, K., 2016. The Experience of History. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Canbay, E., 2015. Peritoneal Surface Malignancies: A Curative Approach. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
French, C., Llorente, A.M., 2008. Language: Development, Bilingualism, and Abnormal States, in: Llorente, A.M. (Ed.), Principles of Neuropsychological Assessment with Hispanics: Theoretical Foundations and Clinical Practice, Issues of Diversity in Clinical Neuropsychology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 78–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. This Tiny Hamster With An Equally Tiny Cast Is All You Need To See Today [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Better Information Needed for Oversight and Evaluation of Selected Elementary and Secondary Education Programs (No. PAD-78-35). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Momcheva, I.G., 2009. Environments of strong gravitational lenses (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lichtblau, E., 2015. Maryland Man Accused of Tapping Money From ISIS Operatives for a U.S. Attack. New York Times A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koch, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Koch, 2012; Toyoshima and Nomura, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toyoshima and Nomura, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Söllner et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
AbbreviationPharmacol. Biochem. Behav.
ISSN (print)0091-3057
Clinical Biochemistry
Behavioral Neuroscience
Biological Psychiatry

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