How to format your references using the Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Versteeg, R., 2014. Cancer: Tumours outside the mutation box. Nature 506, 438–439.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacobson, L.D., Herbert, J.M., 2011. Comment on “Does the hydrated electron occupy a cavity?” Science 331, 1387; author reply 1387.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mollicone, D., Eva, H.D., Achard, F., 2006. Ecology: human role in Russian wild fires. Nature 440, 436–437.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Andreotti, B., Fourrière, A., Ould-Kaddour, F., Murray, B., Claudin, P., 2009. Giant aeolian dune size determined by the average depth of the atmospheric boundary layer. Nature 457, 1120–1123.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin, C., Escobar, F., Serradj, A., 2010. New Approaches in Thematic Cartography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Czosnek, H., Ghanim, M. (Eds.), 2016. Management of Insect Pests to Agriculture: Lessons Learned from Deciphering their Genome, Transcriptome and Proteome. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kadow, J.F., Langley, D.R., Meanwell, N.A., Pracitto, R., Walker, M.A., Yeung, K.-S., 2012. Protein-Protein Interaction Targets to Inhibit HIV-1 Infection, in: Wendt, M.D. (Ed.), Protein-Protein Interactions, Topics in Medicinal Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 105–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Giant Alien-Like “Shrimp” Caught Off Florida Is Identified [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Corrections and Pretrial Diversion Projects Funded by Grants From LEAA (No. B-171019). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Black, A.M., 2006. Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Ohio Statewide Agricultural Leadership Program (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., 2017. A Black-and-White Issue. New York Times AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Versteeg, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Jacobson and Herbert, 2011; Versteeg, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jacobson and Herbert, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Andreotti et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
AbbreviationPharmacol. Biochem. Behav.
ISSN (print)0091-3057
Clinical Biochemistry
Behavioral Neuroscience
Biological Psychiatry

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