How to format your references using the Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Youle, R.J., 2007. Cell biology. Cellular demolition and the rules of engagement. Science 315, 776–777.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellegren, H., Sheldon, B.C., 2008. Genetic basis of fitness differences in natural populations. Nature 452, 169–175.
A journal article with 3 authors
Singh, R., Jamieson, A., Cresswell, P., 2008. GILT is a critical host factor for Listeria monocytogenes infection. Nature 455, 1244–1247.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cen, C., Thiel, S., Mannhart, J., Levy, J., 2009. Oxide nanoelectronics on demand. Science 323, 1026–1030.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fliszár, S., 2008. Atomic Charges, Bond Properties, and Molecular Energies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ilic, D. (Ed.), 2014. Stem Cell Banking, Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Levine, N., 2009. A Motor Vehicle Safety Planning Support System: The Houston Experience, in: Geertman, S., Stillwell, J. (Eds.), Planning Support Systems Best Practice and New Methods, The GeoJournal Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 93–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Next Generation Of Antibiotics Might Be Right Under Our Feet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Cost Information on the Desegregation of the School Systems in Mobile County and Wilcox County, Alabama (No. B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckingham, T., 2012. Every teacher an English teacher? Literacy strategy teaching and research in the content area of science education (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chaban, M.A.V., 2014. Gefilte Fish Is Scarce This Passover. Taste Buds Are Ambivalent. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Youle, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Ellegren and Sheldon, 2008; Youle, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ellegren and Sheldon, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Cen et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
AbbreviationPharmacol. Biochem. Behav.
ISSN (print)0091-3057
Clinical Biochemistry
Behavioral Neuroscience
Biological Psychiatry

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