How to format your references using the Educational Psychology in Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Psychology in Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carmeliet, P. (2005). Angiogenesis in life, disease and medicine. Nature, 438(7070), 932–936.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jarosz, D. F., & Lindquist, S. (2010). Hsp90 and environmental stress transform the adaptive value of natural genetic variation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6012), 1820–1824.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lappala, A., Zaccone, A., & Terentjev, E. M. (2013). Ratcheted diffusion transport through crowded nanochannels. Scientific Reports, 3, 3103.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ostrowski, S. G., Van Bell, C. T., Winograd, N., & Ewing, A. G. (2004). Mass spectrometric imaging of highly curved membranes during Tetrahymena mating. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5680), 71–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, Z. N., & Chia, M. Y. W. (2006). Broadband Planar Antennas. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wheeler, D. S., Wong, H. R., & Shanley, T. P. (Eds.). (2014). Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Volume 3: Gastroenterological, Endocrine, Renal, Hematologic, Oncologic and Immune Systems (2nd ed. 2014). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stansbury, R. S., Akers, E. L., Harmon, H. P., & Agah, A. (2007). Simulation and Testbeds of Autonomous Robots in Harsh Environments. In D. Brugali (Ed.), Software Engineering for Experimental Robotics (pp. 71–92). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Psychology in Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 27). Is Glass A Solid Or A Liquid? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Intellectual Property: Patent Office Should Define Quality, Reassess Incentives, and Improve Clarity (GAO-16-490). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garyan, D. (2017). Converging origins: Never forget what happened in the future [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, A. L., & Mueller, B. (2016, January 26). Suspect in Machete Killing Said Neighbors Spied on Him, Officials Say. New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carmeliet, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Carmeliet, 2005; Jarosz & Lindquist, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jarosz & Lindquist, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Lappala et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ostrowski et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Psychology in Practice
AbbreviationEduc. Psychol. Pract.
ISSN (print)0266-7363
ISSN (online)1469-5839
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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