How to format your references using the Hellenic Journal of Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hellenic Journal of Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mooijaart S. Scientists and societies. Young genomicists get connected. Nature. 2004 May 13;429(6988):226.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinhardt PJ, Turok N. Why the cosmological constant is small and positive. Science. 2006 May 26;312(5777):1180–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Preusser F, Radies D, Matter A. A 160,000-year record of dune development and atmospheric circulation in Southern Arabia. Science. 2002 Jun 14;296(5575):2018–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Torres EM, Sokolsky T, Tucker CM, Chan LY, Boselli M, Dunham MJ, et al. Effects of aneuploidy on cellular physiology and cell division in haploid yeast. Science. 2007 Aug 17;317(5840):916–24.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moskowitz HR, Muñoz AM, Gacula MC Jr. Viewpoints and Controversies in Sensory Science and Consumer Product Testing. Trumbull, Connecticut, USA: Food & Nutrition Press, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Pombo O, Torres JM, Symons J, Rahman S, editors. Special Sciences and the Unity of Science. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. VI, 302 p. (Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science; vol. 24).
A chapter in an edited book
Liu M, Zhang D, Yap PT, Shen D. Hierarchical Ensemble of Multi-level Classifiers for Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease. In: Wang F, Shen D, Yan P, Suzuki K, editors. Machine Learning in Medical Imaging: Third International Workshop, MLMI 2012, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2012, Nice, France, October 1, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 27–35. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hellenic Journal of Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew E. World’s Tiniest Deer Species Born At New York City Zoo [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Information Concerning Equipment Outages at Two Kansas City Area Facilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Aug. Report No.: RCED-98-256R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klyce LR. Assessing parent-child agreement on an eating disorder symptom questionnaire [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. A Historic Home Burns, and Suspicions Spread. New York Times. 2017 Feb 8;A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHellenic Journal of Surgery
AbbreviationHell. Cheirourgike
ISSN (print)0018-0092
ISSN (online)1868-8845

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