How to format your references using the Hellenic Journal of Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hellenic Journal of Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zimmerman E. Recruiters and academia. Nature. 2004 Oct 21;431(7011):1022.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kump LR, Pollard D. Amplification of Cretaceous warmth by biological cloud feedbacks. Science. 2008 Apr 11;320(5873):195.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Li X, Yang Y, Ashwell JD. TNF-RII and c-IAP1 mediate ubiquitination and degradation of TRAF2. Nature. 2002 Mar 21;416(6878):345–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Chen J, de Felipe KS, Clarke M, Lu H, Anderson OR, Segal G, et al. Legionella effectors that promote nonlytic release from protozoa. Science. 2004 Feb 27;303(5662):1358–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Morvillo N. Science and Religion. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Sierra F, Kohanski R, editors. Advances in Geroscience. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXIII, 622 p. 39 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Das ML. Strong Security and Privacy of RFID System for Internet of Things Infrastructure. In: Gierlichs B, Guilley S, Mukhopadhyay D, editors. Security, Privacy, and Applied Cryptography Engineering: Third International Conference, SPACE 2013, Kharagpur, India, October 19-23, 2013 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 56–69. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hellenic Journal of Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Can Genetics Explain The Success Of East African Distance Runners? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/can-genetics-explain-the-success-of-east-african-distance-runners/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Protest of NASA RFP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 May. Report No.: B-177184.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Byrd ML. Investigating an Afterschool Program for Black Teenage Males Designed to Increase Self-Efficacy [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M. Solitary Refinement: A Runner’s Quest. New York Times. 2012 Jun 2;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHellenic Journal of Surgery
AbbreviationHell. Cheirourgike
ISSN (print)0018-0092
ISSN (online)1868-8845
Scope

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