How to format your references using the Hellenic Journal of Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hellenic Journal of Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clack JA. Evolutionary biology: The origin of terrestrial hearing. Nature. 2015 Mar 12;519(7542):168–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hu DL, Bush JWM. Meniscus-climbing insects. Nature. 2005 Sep 29;437(7059):733–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Regan CK, Craig SL, Brauman JI. Steric effects and solvent effects in ionic reactions. Science. 2002 Mar 22;295(5563):2245–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sekine T, Kakuta T, Nakamura T, Kobayashi Y, Takashima Y, Harada A. A macroscopic reaction: direct covalent bond formation between materials using a Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 18;4:6348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maillard P. Competitive Quality Strategies. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Jorgenson J. The Heat Kernel and Theta Inversion on SL2(C). Lang S, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. X, 319 p. (Springer Monographs in Mathematics).
A chapter in an edited book
Falke S, Kapur D. Inductive Decidability Using Implicit Induction. In: Hermann M, Voronkov A, editors. Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning: 13th International Conference, LPAR 2006, Phnom Penh, Cambodia, November 13-17, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 45–59. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hellenic Journal of Surgery.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Sleep Deprivation Makes The Brain Go Into Overdrive And “Eat Itself’ [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Computer Systems: Overview of Federal Systems for Processing Aliens Seeking U.S. Entry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Sep. Report No.: IMTEC-88-55BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crosby WO. ATI v. Colorado: How the Commerce Clause Provides Guidance at the Confluence of Energy, Environmental, and Constitutional Law [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hauser C. Secret Service Agent Under Investigation. New York Times. 2017 Jan 25;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHellenic Journal of Surgery
AbbreviationHell. Cheirourgike
ISSN (print)0018-0092
ISSN (online)1868-8845

Other styles