How to format your references using the Hellenic Journal of Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hellenic Journal of Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Adkins J. Paleoclimate. Dating--vive la différence. Science. 2001 Nov 30;294(5548):1844–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Odorizzi PM, Wherry EJ. Immunology. An interferon paradox. Science. 2013 Apr 12;340(6129):155–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Losonczy A, Makara JK, Magee JC. Compartmentalized dendritic plasticity and input feature storage in neurons. Nature. 2008 Mar 27;452(7186):436–41.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Behrenfeld MJ, O’Malley RT, Siegel DA, McClain CR, Sarmiento JL, Feldman GC, et al. Climate-driven trends in contemporary ocean productivity. Nature. 2006 Dec 7;444(7120):752–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Qiu RG. Service Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Cherubini U, Durante F, Mulinacci S, editors. Marshall ̶ Olkin Distributions - Advances in Theory and Applications: Bologna, Italy, October 2013. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XV, 113 p. 18 illus. (Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics; vol. 141).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Satoh T, Jokanović M. Toxicity and Novel Biomarkers of OP Exposure. In: Balali-Mood M, Abdollahi M, editors. Basic and Clinical Toxicology of Organophosphorus Compounds. London: Springer; 2014. p. 119–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hellenic Journal of Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Fearsome Dinosaur With Ludicrously Tiny Arms Means T. Rex Wasn’t Alone [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/fearsome-dinosaur-ludicrously-tiny-arms-means-t-rex-wasnt-alone/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Tactical Airlift: Issues Concerning Air Force Plans for Pacific Distribution System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Mar. Report No.: NSIAD-89-81.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Castaneda Martinez NE. Implementation of the Parent Partner Project to improve reunification rates in Sonoma County: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Winerip M, Schwirtz M, Gebeloff R. For Blacks Facing Parole, Signs of Broken System in New York. New York Times. 2016 Dec 4;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHellenic Journal of Surgery
AbbreviationHell. Cheirourgike
ISSN (print)0018-0092
ISSN (online)1868-8845
Scope

Other styles