How to format your references using the Hellenic Journal of Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hellenic Journal of Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jordan KD. Chemistry. A fresh look at electron hydration. Science. 2004 Oct 22;306(5696):618–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scheuring S, Sturgis JN. Chromatic adaptation of photosynthetic membranes. Science. 2005 Jul 15;309(5733):484–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lynch M, Koskella B, Schaack S. Mutation pressure and the evolution of organelle genomic architecture. Science. 2006 Mar 24;311(5768):1727–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen X, Dam MA, Ono K, Mal A, Shen H, Nutt SR, et al. A thermally re-mendable cross-linked polymeric material. Science. 2002 Mar 1;295(5560):1698–702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaccari DA, Strom PF, Alleman JE. Environmental Biology for Engineers and Scientists. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Jacobson MJ. Solving the Pell Equation. Williams HC, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2009. XX, 495 p. (CMS Books in Mathematics).
A chapter in an edited book
Xu W, Li F. Balanced Ridge Estimator of Coefficient in Linear Model under a Balanced Loss Function (I). In: Zhu M, editor. Information and Management Engineering: International Conference, ICCIC 2011, Wuhan, China, September 17-18, 2011 Proceedings, Part VI. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 20–5. (Communications in Computer and Information Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hellenic Journal of Surgery.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Volcanic Hydrogen Can Help Sustain Life In The Universe. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Weather: Agencies Need to Improve Performance Measurement and Fully Address Key Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Sep. Report No.: GAO-10-843.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Picchini AM. Neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus: Modulation of stem cell fate by experience [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM. Inaugural All Its Own Brings Astonishment and Awe to Television. New York Times. 2017 Jan 20;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHellenic Journal of Surgery
AbbreviationHell. Cheirourgike
ISSN (print)0018-0092
ISSN (online)1868-8845

Other styles