How to format your references using the Hellenic Journal of Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hellenic Journal of Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kostelecký VA. Precision measurement: The magnetic proton. Nature. 2014 May 29;509(7502):571–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Li J, Cheng JX. Direct visualization of de novo lipogenesis in single living cells. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 29;4:6807.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ji Z, Gao H, Yu H. CELL DIVISION CYCLE. Kinetochore attachment sensed by competitive Mps1 and microtubule binding to Ndc80C. Science. 2015 Jun 12;348(6240):1260–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Cottrell RD, Tarduno JA, Sager WW, Koppers AA. Late cretaceous true polar wander: not so fast. Science. 2000 Jun 30;288(5475):2283a.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Blicq RS, Moretto LA. Writing Reports to Get Results. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Meng L, Reichenbacher T, Zipf A, editors. Map-based Mobile Services: Theories, Methods and Implementations. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. XII, 260 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Buchheim C, Ebner D, Jünger M, Klau GW, Mutzel P, Weiskircher R. Exact Crossing Minimization. In: Healy P, Nikolov NS, editors. Graph Drawing: 13th International Symposium, GD 2005, Limerick, Ireland, September 12-14, 2005 Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 37–48. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hellenic Journal of Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Photographs Show Surface Of Venus [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/scientists-use-ground-based-radar-peer-under-venus-thick-cloak/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Challenges in Completing and Sustaining the International Space Station. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Apr. Report No.: GAO-08-581T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Seidel JG. Adolescent female stress management curriculum [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
McKINLEY JC Jr, Southall A, Baker AL. Bronx Killing Leaves Only the Police in the Dark. New York Times. 2016 Dec 15;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHellenic Journal of Surgery
AbbreviationHell. Cheirourgike
ISSN (print)0018-0092
ISSN (online)1868-8845
Scope

Other styles