How to format your references using the Pharmacognosy Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacognosy Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Service RF. Battle to become the next-generation x-ray source. Science 2002;298(5597):1356–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schoelkopf RJ, Girvin SM. Wiring up quantum systems. Nature 2008;451(7179):664–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ruby JG, Jan CH, Bartel DP. Intronic microRNA precursors that bypass Drosha processing. Nature 2007;448(7149):83–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Streets DG, Jiang K, Hu X, Sinton JE, Zhang XQ, Xu D, et al. Climate change. Recent reductions in China’s greenhouse gas emissions. Science 2001;294(5548):1835–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hunter DA. A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Zieliński M, Rami-Porta R, editors. The Transcervical Approach in Thoracic Surgery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Christakopoulou E, Karypis G. HOSLIM: Higher-Order Sparse LInear Method for Top-N Recommender Systems. In: Tseng VS, Ho TB, Zhou Z-H, Chen ALP, Kao H-Y, editors. Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 18th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2014, Tainan, Taiwan, May 13-16, 2014. Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. page 38–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacognosy Reviews.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. San Francisco Biohackers Are Wearing Implants Made For Diabetes In The Pursuit Of “Human Enhancement” [Internet]. IFLScience2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/san-francisco-biohackers-are-wearing-implants-made-for-diabetes-in-the-pursuit-of-human-enhancement/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Questions Concerning FAA’s Wide Area Augmentation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Carley R. Evaluation of the impact of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and hurricanes on wildfires in southeast Louisiana. 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. Hotel Developer Recasts Himself As an Angel for Old Synagogues. New York Times2001;144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacognosy Reviews
AbbreviationPharmacogn. Rev.
ISSN (print)0973-7847
ISSN (online)0976-2787
ScopePlant Science
Complementary and alternative medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmacology

Other styles