How to format your references using the Pharmacognosy Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacognosy Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wickware P. Exploring the territory in tissue engineering. Nature 2000;403(6768):464–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Reichhardt CJO, Lopatina LM. Materials science. A ball-and-chain polymer model. Science 2009;326(5951):374–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kaganovich D, Kopito R, Frydman J. Misfolded proteins partition between two distinct quality control compartments. Nature 2008;454(7208):1088–95.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Li P, Liu H, Lai C, Sun P, Zeng W, Wu F, et al. Differential modulations of KCNQ1 by auxiliary proteins KCNE1 and KCNE2. Sci Rep 2014;4:4973.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kühn V. Wireless Communications over MIMO Channels. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Ramanna S, Jain LC, Howlett RJ, editors. Emerging Paradigms in Machine Learning. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gao L, Yu S, Luan TH, Zhou W. Social Characteristics Based Multiple Dimensional Routing Protocol in Human Associated Delay Tolerant Networks. In: Yu S, Luan TH, Zhou W, editors. Delay Tolerant Networks. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. page 35–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacognosy Reviews.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Missing Continent Was Destroyed By India And Madagascar’s Tug-Of-War. IFLScience2017;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia Public Schools: Student Enrollment Count Remains Vulnerable to Errors. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rogers RC. Documenting cultural transition through contact archaeology in Tíhoo, Mérida, Yucatán. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. What the Chief Justice Should Have Said. New York Times2017;SR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacognosy Reviews
AbbreviationPharmacogn. Rev.
ISSN (print)0973-7847
ISSN (online)0976-2787
ScopePlant Science
Complementary and alternative medicine
Drug Discovery
Pharmacology

Other styles