How to format your references using the International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sargent P (2000) Too many memories. Nature 408:525
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Carrel L, Willard HF (2005) X-inactivation profile reveals extensive variability in X-linked gene expression in females. Nature 434:400–404
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ford EB, Lystad V, Rasio FA (2005) Planet-planet scattering in the upsilon Andromedae system. Nature 434:873–876
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Cowley MA, Smart JL, Rubinstein M, et al (2001) Leptin activates anorexigenic POMC neurons through a neural network in the arcuate nucleus. Nature 411:480–484

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
American Institute of Timber Constr (2012) Timber Construction Manual. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Gorgulho A (2013) Intelligent Financial Portfolio Composition based on Evolutionary Computation Strategies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ganter B, Obiedkov S (2016) Attribute exploration. In: Obiedkov S (ed) Conceptual Exploration. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 125–185

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Edge Closer To Curing Peanut Allergies. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/scientists-edge-closer-curing-peanut-allergies/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1998) Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wellman TE (2017) Employment Discrimination against Military Spouses: Illegal Contrary to Popular Belief and Practice. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B (2016) Review: ‘Videofilia (and Other Viral Syndromes)’ Is a Digital Hall of Mirrors. New York Times C11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
AbbreviationInt. J. Comput. Assist. Radiol. Surg.
ISSN (print)1861-6410
ISSN (online)1861-6429
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Health Informatics
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Surgery

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