How to format your references using the Current Anesthesiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Anesthesiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smith CL. How the LHC came to be. Nature. 2007;448:281–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kidd DC, Castano E. Reading literary fiction improves theory of mind. Science. 2013;342:377–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ikegami H, Tsutsumi Y, Kono K. Chiral symmetry breaking in superfluid 3He-A. Science. 2013;341:59–62.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hooper IR, Tremain B, Dockrey JA, Hibbins AP. Massively sub-wavelength guiding of electromagnetic waves. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7495.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Coleman DD, Westcott DA, Harkins BE. CWSP®: Certified Wireless Security Professional Study Guide CWSP-205. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Goin F. A Brief History of South American Metatherians: Evolutionary Contexts and Intercontinental Dispersals. Woodburne M, Zimicz AN, Martin GM, Chornogubsky L, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ding J, Challa VR, Prasad MG, Fisher FT. Vibration Energy Harvesting and Its Application for Nano- and Microrobotics. In: Guo Y, editor. Selected Topics in Micro/Nano-robotics for Biomedical Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 59–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Anesthesiology Reports.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. This Boy Was Arrested For Bringing A Clock To Class - And Now He’s Been Invited To The White House. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Reasons for Ending Financial Support to the Dimmitt Independent School District Follow Through Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Nov. Report No.: B-164031(1).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Horta G. The potential of the Eurozone crisis to mobilize extreme right support in Spain, Portugal, and Italy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Boucher B. Between Fable and Fact. New York Times. 2017 Sep 8;BR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Anesthesiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Anesthesiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-6275

Other styles