How to format your references using the Current Anesthesiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Anesthesiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Davis B. Education. Mathematics teachers’ subtle, complex disciplinary knowledge. Science. 2011;332:1506–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hoppler S, Wheeler GN. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. It’s about time for neural crest. Science. 2015;348:1316–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dehaene-Lambertz G, Dehaene S, Hertz-Pannier L. Functional neuroimaging of speech perception in infants. Science. 2002;298:2013–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ai W, Xie L, Du Z, Zeng Z, Liu J, Zhang H, et al. A novel graphene-polysulfide anode material for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Murphy DB, Davidson MW. Fundamentals of Light Microscopy and Electronic Imaging. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Tan KCD, Kim M, editors. Issues and Challenges in Science Education Research: Moving Forward. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Revathi A, Venkataramani Y. Text Independent Speaker and Emotion Independent Speech Recognition in Emotional Environment. In: Mandal JK, Satapathy SC, Kumar Sanyal M, Sarkar PP, Mukhopadhyay A, editors. Information Systems Design and Intelligent Applications: Proceedings of Second International Conference INDIA 2015, Volume 1. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Anesthesiology Reports.

Blog post
1. Fang J. NASA’s New Horizons Readies for This Summer’s Pluto Flyby [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Better Cost Data Could Improve FAA’s Management of the Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Jan. Report No.: GAO-03-343.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ku Y. Dealing with historical issues in Japan and Germany: Ruling coalitions, transnational activism, and conservative reaction [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Murphy MJO. The Metropolitan Museum of Art: A Look Back. New York Times. 2015 Jul 31;C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Anesthesiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Anesthesiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-6275

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