How to format your references using the Current Anesthesiology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Anesthesiology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Baets R. Photonics: an ultra-small silicon laser. Nature. 2013;498:447–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nadeau JA, Sack FD. Control of stomatal distribution on the Arabidopsis leaf surface. Science. 2002;296:1697–700.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Browne J, Tunnacliffe A, Burnell A. Anhydrobiosis: plant desiccation gene found in a nematode. Nature. 2002;416:38.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Rucci M, Iovin R, Poletti M, Santini F. Miniature eye movements enhance fine spatial detail. Nature. 2007;447:851–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Armaroli N, Balzani V. Energy for a Sustainable World. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
1. Ostwald MJ, editor. Architecture and Mathematics from Antiquity to the Future: Volume I: Antiquity to the 1500s. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Horesh D, Solomon Z, Keinan G, Ein-Dor T. Delayed-Onset PTSD in Israeli Combat Veterans: Correlates, Clinical Picture, and Controversy. In: Safir MP, Wallach HS, Rizzo A “skip,” editors. Future Directions in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2015. p. 97–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Anesthesiology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Universal Sperm Bank Would Strike at a Core Human Freedom [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Effect of P.L. 99-177 on Teacher Loan Cancellation Program]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Sep. Report No.: B-221498.13.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Takayama M. The development of writing in Japanese and English of JHL speakers and the dynamics of bilingual learning [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. McKINLEY JC Jr. Hip-Hop Artist, Accused of Being a Gang Leader, Pleads Guilty to Conspiracy and Weapons Charges. New York Times. 2016 Sep 10;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Anesthesiology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Anesthesiol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-6275

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