How to format your references using the Frontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stewart, A. K. (2014). Medicine. How thalidomide works against cancer. Science 343, 256–257.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reid, G., and Flonta, M. L. (2001). Physiology. Cold current in thermoreceptive neurons. Nature 413, 480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chaudhuri, O., Parekh, S. H., and Fletcher, D. A. (2007). Reversible stress softening of actin networks. Nature 445, 295–298.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Martin, M. S., Theodore, N. D., Wei, C.-C., and Shao, L. (2014). Physical assembly of Ag nanocrystals on enclosed surfaces in monocrystalline Si. Sci. Rep. 4, 6744.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A. (2012). Fracture Mechanics 3. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Capogna, L. (2014). Fully Nonlinear PDEs in Real and Complex Geometry and Optics: Cetraro, Italy 2012, Editors: Cristian E. Gutiérrez, Ermanno Lanconelli. , eds. P. Guan, C. E. Gutiérrez, and A. Montanari Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Matteson, G. C. (2013). “Energy Planning for Regional and National Needs: A Case Study – The California Forecast (2005–2050),” in The Next Economics: Global Cases in Energy, Environment, and Climate Change, ed. W. W. Clark II (New York, NY: Springer), 93–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Complete Skeleton of Prehistoric Teenaged Girl Found in the Yucatan. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Senate Bill 543: The Job Training Partnership Act Youth Employment Amendments of 1989. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slaughter, R. A. (2017). Tradition and Progress: California Fire Technology Directors Beliefs and Values.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2011). Amid the City, Learning to Survive in the Wild. New York Times, C35.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stewart, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Reid and Flonta, 2001; Stewart, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reid and Flonta, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Martin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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