How to format your references using the Frontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thorne, K. S. (2012). Classical black holes: the nonlinear dynamics of curved spacetime. Science 337, 536–538.
A journal article with 2 authors
Calka, A., and Wexler, D. (2002). Mechanical milling assisted by electrical discharge. Nature 419, 147–151.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bradley, P., Misura, K. M. S., and Baker, D. (2005). Toward high-resolution de novo structure prediction for small proteins. Science 309, 1868–1871.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yan, J.-J., Sun, J.-T., You, Y.-Z., Wu, D.-C., and Hong, C.-Y. (2013). Growing hyperbranched polymers using natural sunlight. Sci. Rep. 3, 2841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gray, R. (2011). A History of American Literature. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ulbrich, H., and GÜnthner, W. eds. (2005). IUTAM Symposium on Vibration Control of Nonlinear Mechanisms and Structures: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Munich, Germany, 18–22 July 2005. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Clark, P. E., and Rilee, M. L. (2010). “Ray Region: X-rays, Alpha Particles, Gamma-rays, Neutrons, UV,” in Remote Sensing Tools for Exploration: Observing and Interpreting the Electromagnetic Spectrum, ed. M. L. Rilee (New York, NY: Springer), 114–177.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). Outbreak Of “Super” Gonorrhea In Northern England. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981). Automatic Data Processing Problems at the Social Security Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bremond, D. S. (2017). When women win: Prominent leadership traits that contributed to the successful election of women in California.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015). Art Rooted in Matters of the Heart and the Mind. New York Times, CT8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thorne, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Calka and Wexler, 2002; Thorne, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Calka and Wexler, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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