How to format your references using the Frontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCook, A. (2011). Education: Rethinking PhDs. Nature 472, 280–282.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lujambio, A., and Lowe, S. W. (2012). The microcosmos of cancer. Nature 482, 347–355.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wieman, C. E., Adams, W. K., and Perkins, K. K. (2008). PHYSICS. PhET: simulations that enhance learning. Science 322, 682–683.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang, X., Chen, Z., Luo, Y., Jiang, L., and Wang, R. (2013). Cu/Ba/bauxite: an inexpensive and efficient alternative for Pt/Ba/Al₂O₃ in NOx removal. Sci. Rep. 3, 1559.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohl, J. (2011). Building Science. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Katarzyniak, R., Chiu, T.-F., Hong, C.-F., and Nguyen, N. T. eds. (2011). Semantic Methods for Knowledge Management and Communication. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Shukla, V., Upreti, D. K., and Bajpai, R. (2014). “Lichen Diversity in Different Lichenogeographical Regions of India,” in Lichens to Biomonitor the Environment, eds. U. D.k. and R. Bajpai (New Delhi: Springer India), 61–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). One In Eight Children Currently At Risk Of Measles In The U.S. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Air Traffic Control: System Management Capabilities Improved, but More Can Be Done to Institutionalize Improvements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Deise, E. C. (2008). Frame problems, Fodor’s challenge, and practical reason.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017). Federer and Nadal Have Never Met In New York, but Have Come Close. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCook, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (McCook, 2011; Lujambio and Lowe, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lujambio and Lowe, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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