How to format your references using the Pharmacogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Silk JB. Behavior. Who are more helpful, humans or chimpanzees? Science. 311(5765), 1248–1249 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
Mann CC, Plummer ML. ECOLOGY: The Other H’s. Science. 289(5480), 718 (2000).
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins FS, Morgan M, Patrinos A. The Human Genome Project: lessons from large-scale biology. Science. 300(5617), 286–290 (2003).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hu Q, Xu D-H, Zhou Y, et al. Position-sensitive spectral splitting with a plasmonic nanowire on silicon chip. Sci. Rep. 3, 3095 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Negre E. Information and Recommender Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Song W. Interworking of Wireless LANs and Cellular Networks. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Mazurett-Boyle R. Researching Our Way. In: Self-Study and Diversity II: Inclusive Teacher Education for a Diverse World. Kitchen J, Tidwell D, Fitzgerald L (Eds.), SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 55–77 (2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacogenomics.

Blog post
Taub B. Fish Can Tell People Apart By Their Faces [Internet]. IFLScience (2016). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education Information: Changes in Funds and Priorities Have Affected Production and Quality. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poland MC. New cluster-based routing and multi-channel MAC protocols for vehicular ad hoc networks. (2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacogenomics
ISSN (print)1462-2416
ISSN (online)1744-8042
Molecular Medicine

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