How to format your references using the Pharmacogenomics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmacogenomics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Trivedi BP. Gustatory system: the finer points of taste. Nature. 486(7403), S2-3 (2012).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Picollo A, Pusch M. Chloride/proton antiporter activity of mammalian CLC proteins ClC-4 and ClC-5. Nature. 436(7049), 420–423 (2005).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Heywood KJ, Naveira Garabato AC, Stevens DP. High mixing rates in the abyssal Southern Ocean. Nature. 415(6875), 1011–1014 (2002).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Marhava P, Bassukas AEL, Zourelidou M, et al. A molecular rheostat adjusts auxin flux to promote root protophloem differentiation. Nature. 558(7709), 297–300 (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bates J, Gallon C, Bocci M, Walker S, Taylor T. Converged Multimedia Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
1.
Andres E, Damiand G, Lienhardt P, editors. Discrete Geometry for Computer Imagery: 12th International Conference, DGCI 2005, Poitiers, France, April 13-15, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sakakibara Y, Sato K. Sequence and Structural Analyses for Functional Non-coding RNAs. In: Algorithmic Bioprocesses. Condon A, Harel D, Kok JN, Salomaa A, Winfree E (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 63–79 (2009).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmacogenomics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. “I Just Can’t Get You Out Of My Head”: How To Eradicate Earworms. IFLScience (2016).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. World Wide Web Sites: Reported by 42 Federal Organizations (Supplement to Internet and Electronic Dial-Up Bulletin Board System Activities: Information Reported by Federal Organizations). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ma Y. Vesicular Stomatitis Virus as a Vector to Deliver Virus-Like Particles of Human Norovirus: A New Live Vectored Vaccine for Human Norovirus. (2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Ortved J. Custom Suits At Accessible Prices. New York Times, D3 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmacogenomics
AbbreviationPharmacogenomics
ISSN (print)1462-2416
ISSN (online)1744-8042
ScopeGenetics
Molecular Medicine
Pharmacology

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