How to format your references using the Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brooks, R. 2001. “The relationship between matter and life.” Nature, 409 (6818): 409–411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mbadugha, C. A., and A. O. Onakoya. 2014. “The awareness, perceptions and experiences of primary open angle glaucoma patients in Lagos Nigeria.” Sci. Rep., 4: 7585.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fuerstman, M. J., P. Garstecki, and G. M. Whitesides. 2007. “Coding/decoding and reversibility of droplet trains in microfluidic networks.” Science, 315 (5813): 828–832.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schweitzer, M. H., Z. Suo, R. Avci, J. M. Asara, M. A. Allen, F. T. Arce, and J. R. Horner. 2007. “Analyses of soft tissue from Tyrannosaurus rex suggest the presence of protein.” Science, 316 (5822): 277–280.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hollins, C. 2012. Basic Guide to Anatomy and Physiology for Dental Care Professionals. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.,.
An edited book
Shimada, Y., and N. Miyakoshi (Eds.). 2016. Osteoporosis in Orthopedics: Assessment and Therapeutic Options. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Feil, B., and J. Abonyi. 2007. “Geodesic Distance Based Fuzzy Clustering.” Soft Computing in Industrial Applications: Recent Trends, Advances in Soft Computing, A. Saad, K. Dahal, M. Sarfraz, and R. Roy, eds., 50–59. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017. “Doctors Discover How To Manipulate Wounds To Regenerate Into Skin Rather Than Scar Tissue.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Tax Systems Modernization: Unmanaged Risks Threaten Success. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, M. L. 2010. “Examining leadership and the laminated glass ceiling: Gender and leadership traits.” Doctoral dissertation. Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., and W. Morris. 2017. “August Wilson: Then. Now. Forever?” New York Times, January 11, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brooks 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Brooks 2001; Mbadugha and Onakoya 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mbadugha and Onakoya 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Schweitzer et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Performance of Constructed Facilities
AbbreviationJ. Perform. Constr. Facil.
ISSN (print)0887-3828
ISSN (online)1943-5509
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Building and Construction

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