How to format your references using the Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marris, E. 2010. “On high alert.” Nature, 466 (7304): S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matthias, S., and F. Müller. 2003. “Asymmetric pores in a silicon membrane acting as massively parallel brownian ratchets.” Nature, 424 (6944): 53–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Libby, P., P. M. Ridker, and G. K. Hansson. 2011. “Progress and challenges in translating the biology of atherosclerosis.” Nature, 473 (7347): 317–325.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kinoshita, T., A. Caño-Delgado, H. Seto, S. Hiranuma, S. Fujioka, S. Yoshida, and J. Chory. 2005. “Binding of brassinosteroids to the extracellular domain of plant receptor kinase BRI1.” Nature, 433 (7022): 167–171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van der Heide, P. 2014. Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Casteleyn, S., P. Dolog, and C. Pautasso (Eds.). 2016. Current Trends in Web Engineering: ICWE 2016 International Workshops, DUI, TELERISE, SoWeMine, and Liquid Web, Lugano, Switzerland, June 6-9, 2016. Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lape, P. 2016. “The Role of Food Production in Incipient Warfare in Protohistoric Timor Leste.” The Archaeology of Food and Warfare: Food Insecurity in Prehistory, A. M. VanDerwarker and G. D. Wilson, eds., 61–73. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “Stories From The Sky: Astronomy In Indigenous Knowledge.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2017. Telecommunications: Additional Action Needed to Address Significant Risks in FCC’s Lifeline Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Viruet, H. B. 2006. “Effect of Forklift Operation on Lower Back Pain: An Evidence-Based Approach.” Doctoral dissertation. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 2002. “Russian Novelist Scoffs at Post-Soviet Leaders.” New York Times, August 25, 2002.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marris 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Marris 2010; Matthias and Müller 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matthias and Müller 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kinoshita et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Performance of Constructed Facilities
AbbreviationJ. Perform. Constr. Facil.
ISSN (print)0887-3828
ISSN (online)1943-5509
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Building and Construction

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