How to format your references using the Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chatenoud, L. (2014). “Immunology. Teaching the immune system ‘self’ respect and tolerance.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6190), 1343–1344.
A journal article with 2 authors
Draine, B. T., and Ostriker, J. P. (2007). “Obituary: Bohdan Paczyński (1940-2007).” Nature, 447(7148), 1065.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kutnjak, Z., Petzelt, J., and Blinc, R. (2006). “The giant electromechanical response in ferroelectric relaxors as a critical phenomenon.” Nature, 441(7096), 956–959.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhu, Y., Cao, C., Tao, S., Chu, W., Wu, Z., and Li, Y. (2014). “Ultrathin nickel hydroxide and oxide nanosheets: synthesis, characterizations and excellent supercapacitor performances.” Scientific reports, 4, 5787.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chateigner, D. (2013). Combined Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lai, K. W. (2014). Advances in Medical Diagnostic Technology. Lecture Notes in Bioengineering, (Y. C. Hum, M. I. Mohamad Salim, S.-B. Ong, N. P. Utama, Y. M. Myint, N. Mohd Noor, and E. Supriyanto, eds.), Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Jähnig, N., Göthel, T., and Glesner, S. (2016). “Refinement-Based Verification of Communicating Unstructured Code.” Software Engineering and Formal Methods: 14th International Conference, SEFM 2016, Held as Part of STAF 2016, Vienna, Austria, July 4-8, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, R. De Nicola and E. Kühn, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “Health Check: Are My Memory Lapses Normal Or Could This Be Alzheimer’s disease?” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Financial Market Preparedness: Improvements Made, but More Action Needed to Prepare for Wide-Scale Disasters. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okada, T. (2012). “Corporate culture and organizational efficiency in the competitive international market.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015). “Judge Rejects Plan to Alter City Pensions in Chicago.” New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chatenoud 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chatenoud 2014; Draine and Ostriker 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Draine and Ostriker 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Performance of Constructed Facilities
AbbreviationJ. Perform. Constr. Facil.
ISSN (print)0887-3828
ISSN (online)1943-5509
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Building and Construction

Other styles