How to format your references using the Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kiefer, T. (2010). “Ocean science. When still waters ran deep.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5989), 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Misra, A., and Kumar, P. (2013). “Periodic architecture for high performance shock absorbing composites.” Scientific reports, 3, 2056.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, S., Wong, P., and Coulombe, P. A. (2006). “A keratin cytoskeletal protein regulates protein synthesis and epithelial cell growth.” Nature, 441(7091), 362–365.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chakrabarty, D., Morgan, E. H., Muno, M. P., Galloway, D. K., Wijnands, R., Van Der Klis, M., and Markwardt, C. B. (2003). “Nuclear-powered millisecond pulsars and the maximum spin frequency of neutron stars.” Nature, 424(6944), 42–44.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Berthou, P., Baudoin, C., Gayraud, T., and Gineste, M. (2015). Satellite and Terrestrial Hybrid Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Manimala, M. J., and Wasdani, K. P. (Eds.). (2015). Entrepreneurial Ecosystem: Perspectives from Emerging Economies. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Rizzi, A., Montanari, R., Bertolini, M., Bottani, E., and Volpi, A. (2011). “L’impatto della tecnologia RFID nella gestione dei processi di supply chain.” Logistica e tecnologia RFID: Creare valore nella filiera alimentare e nel largo consumo, Food, R. Montanari, M. Bertolini, E. Bottani, and A. Volpi, eds., Springer, Milano, 89–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). “Brazil’s Largest Ever Dinosaur Rediscovered After 60 Years In A Cupboard.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Telecommunications: GSA Needs to Improve Process for Awarding Task Orders for Local Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sun, Z. (2013). “A qualitative study of Chinese parents’ beliefs, involvement and challenges in support of their children’s English language development in China.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001). “The Mayors Slept Here: Gracie Mansion Is Just the Latest.” New York Times, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hynes 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Masocha 2014; Sambles 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Misra and Kumar 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sidorenko et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Performance of Constructed Facilities
AbbreviationJ. Perform. Constr. Facil.
ISSN (print)0887-3828
ISSN (online)1943-5509
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Building and Construction

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