How to format your references using the Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Agre, P. 2010. “The family naturalist.” Nature, 467 (7317): S11.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lecuit, T., and L. Le Goff. 2007. “Orchestrating size and shape during morphogenesis.” Nature, 450 (7167): 189–192.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeffery, W. R., A. G. Strickler, and Y. Yamamoto. 2004. “Migratory neural crest-like cells form body pigmentation in a urochordate embryo.” Nature, 431 (7009): 696–699.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, F., Y. Zhang, J. Ding, K. Dai, M. C. M. van Loosdrecht, and R. J. Zeng. 2014. “Stable acetate production in extreme-thermophilic (70°C) mixed culture fermentation by selective enrichment of hydrogenotrophic methanogens.” Sci. Rep., 4: 5268.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allin, P., and D. J. Hand. 2014. The Wellbeing of Nations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ács, N., F. G. Bánhidy, and A. E. Czeizel (Eds.). 2010. Congenital Abnormalities and Preterm Birth Related to Maternal Illnesses During Pregnancy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdelli, A. 2015. “Towards a General Model to Handle Multi-enabledness in Time Petri Nets.” Formalisms for Reuse and Systems Integration, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, T. Bouabana-Tebibel and S. H. Rubin, eds., 103–131. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2015. “This Ultrathin ‘Invisibility Cloak’ Makes It Impossible To See Microscopic Objects.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Insurance Regulation: The Insurance Regulatory Information System Needs Improvement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, D. C. 2008. “A measurement of the neutral current neutrino-nucleon elastic cross section at MiniBooNE.” Doctoral dissertation. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, S. M., and L. Ferré-Sadurní. 2017. “Cats Found In Building, Halting Demolition.” New York Times, August 2, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Agre 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Agre 2010; Lecuit and Le Goff 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lecuit and Le Goff 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Performance of Constructed Facilities
AbbreviationJ. Perform. Constr. Facil.
ISSN (print)0887-3828
ISSN (online)1943-5509
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Building and Construction

Other styles