How to format your references using the Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. (2010). “Evolution: The first supper.” Nature, 468(7327), S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hollowed, A. B., and Sundby, S. (2014). “Ecology. Change is coming to the northern oceans.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6188), 1084–1085.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sato, T. K., Overduin, M., and Emr, S. D. (2001). “Location, location, location: membrane targeting directed by PX domains.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5548), 1881–1885.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rahman, M. A., Masuda, A., Ohe, K., Ito, M., Hutchinson, D. O., Mayeda, A., Engel, A. G., and Ohno, K. (2013). “HnRNP L and hnRNP LL antagonistically modulate PTB-mediated splicing suppression of CHRNA1 pre-mRNA.” Scientific reports, 3, 2931.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perrin, V. (2013). MRI Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Colombo, B., and Teggi, R. (Eds.). (2014). Vestibular Migraine and Related Syndromes. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Plichta, A., Gaciarz, T., and Szomiński, S. (2013). “Identification of Persons by Virtue of Hand Geometry.” Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management: 12th IFIP TC8 International Conference, CISIM 2013, Krakow, Poland, September 25-27, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, K. Saeed, R. Chaki, A. Cortesi, and S. Wierzchoń, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 36–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). “Mysterious Phase Of Matter Prevents Superconductivity.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Pilot Cities Program: Phaseout Needed Due To Limited National Benefits. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delaney, D. C. (2014). “Undergraduate social work students’ perceptions regarding hospice and end-of-life care.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017). “Springsteen’s Archives: (Where Else?) In Jersey.” New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein 2010; Hollowed and Sundby 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hollowed and Sundby 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Rahman et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Performance of Constructed Facilities
AbbreviationJ. Perform. Constr. Facil.
ISSN (print)0887-3828
ISSN (online)1943-5509
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Building and Construction

Other styles