How to format your references using the The Medical Journal of Australia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Medical Journal of Australia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Damasio A. Fundamental feelings. Nature. 2001 Oct 25;413(6858):781.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ngai JT, Srivastava DS. Predators accelerate nutrient cycling in a bromeliad ecosystem. Science. 2006 Nov 10;314(5801):963.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Comas D, Petit F, Preat T. Drosophila long-term memory formation involves regulation of cathepsin activity. Nature. 2004 Jul 22;430(6998):460–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Galloway JN, Townsend AR, Erisman JW, Bekunda M, Cai Z, Freney JR, et al. Transformation of the nitrogen cycle: recent trends, questions, and potential solutions. Science. 2008 May 16;320(5878):889–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Fredriksson H, Åkerlind U. Solidification and Crystallization Processing in Metals and Alloys. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Krishnan SPT. Building Your Next Big Thing with Google Cloud Platform: A Guide for Developers and Enterprise Architects. Gonzalez JLU, editor. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2015. XXII, 396 p. 26 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pistone G, Vicario G. Design for Computer Experiments: Comparing and Generating Designs in Kriging Models. In: Erto P, editor. Statistics for Innovation: Statistical Design of “Continuous” Product Innovation. Milano: Springer; 2009. p. 91–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Medical Journal of Australia.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Brewery Has Created Six-Pack Holders That Can Be Eaten By Marine Life [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/beer-brewery-has-created-edible-six-pack-holders-protect-marine-life/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Auto Safety: NHTSA Has Options to Improve the Safety Defect Recall Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Jun. Report No.: GAO-11-603.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Topdemir CM. School counselor accountability practices: A national study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Poniewozik J. The ‘Nasty’ Women of the 1960s. New York Times. 2016 Oct 27;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Medical Journal of Australia
AbbreviationMed. J. Aust.
ISSN (print)0025-729X
ISSN (online)1326-5377
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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