How to format your references using the Pharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilcove, D.S. Ecology. Rediscovery of the Ivory-Billed Woodpecker. Science 2005, 308, 1422–1423.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goyal, S.K.; Konrad, T. Teleporting Photonic Qudits Using Multimode Quantum Scissors. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3548.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reddien, P.W.; Cameron, S.; Horvitz, H.R. Phagocytosis Promotes Programmed Cell Death in C. Elegans. Nature 2001, 412, 198–202.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schoch, S.; Deák, F.; Königstorfer, A.; Mozhayeva, M.; Sara, Y.; Südhof, T.C.; Kavalali, E.T. SNARE Function Analyzed in Synaptobrevin/VAMP Knockout Mice. Science 2001, 294, 1117–1122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doyle, J.F. Modern Experimental Stress Analysis; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005; ISBN 9780470861585.
An edited book
Noninvasive Imaging of Myocardial Ischemia; Anagnostopoulos, C.D., Nihoyannopoulos, P., Bax, J.J., Wall, E. van der, Eds.; Springer: London, 2006; ISBN 9781846280276.
A chapter in an edited book
Schmidt, W.; Stary, C. Establishing an Informed S-BPM Community. In S-BPM ONE – Setting the Stage for Subject-Oriented Business Process Management: First International Workshop, Karlsruhe, Germany, October 22, 2009. Revised Selected Papers; Buchwald, H., Fleischmann, A., Seese, D., Stary, C., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; pp. 34–47 ISBN 9783642159145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmaceutics.

Blog post
Evans, K. Study Finds Link Between Gluten-Free Diet And Type 2 Diabetes Risk (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office VA Information Technology: Management Making Important Progress in Addressing Key Challenges; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2002;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belic, B. Complement Verb Variation in Present-Day Serbian. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
KELLY STEWART; Kelly Stewart is a primatologist at Cambridge University. She has studied the behavior; ecology; Conservation of Mountain CHRONICLES OF THE PUMPHOUSE GANG. New York Times 1988, 714.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmaceutics
ISSN (online)1999-4923
ScopePharmaceutical Science

Other styles