How to format your references using the Pharmaceutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmaceutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. Neutrino Physics: Tanked up and Ready for Action. Nature 2002, 420, 737.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, Z.; Wang, J. Long-Range Hybrid Wedge Plasmonic Waveguide. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6870.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khila, A.; Abouheif, E.; Rowe, L. Function, Developmental Genetics, and Fitness Consequences of a Sexually Antagonistic Trait. Science 2012, 336, 585–589.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Santoro, G.E.; Martonák, R.; Tosatti, E.; Car, R. Theory of Quantum Annealing of an Ising Spin Glass. Science 2002, 295, 2427–2430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klugman, S.A.; Panjer, H.H.; Willmot, G.E. Loss Models: Further Topics; Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013; ISBN 9781118787106.
An edited book
Perspectives in Business Informatics Research: 12th International Conference, BIR 2013, Warsaw, Poland, September 23-25, 2013. Proceedings; Kobyliński, A., Sobczak, A., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; Vol. 158; ISBN 9783642408229.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández, H.; Tedeschi, C.; Priol, T. Decentralized Workflow Coordination through Molecular Composition. In Service-Oriented Computing - ICSOC 2011 Workshops: ICSOC 2011, International Workshops WESOA, NFPSLAM-SOC, and Satellite Events, Paphos, Cyprus, December 5-8, 2011. Revised Selected Papers; Pallis, G., Jmaiel, M., Charfi, A., Graupner, S., Karabulut, Y., Guinea, S., Rosenberg, F., Sheng, Q.Z., Pautasso, C., Mokhtar, S.B., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 22–32 ISBN 9783642318740.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmaceutics.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. Watch The Moment A Baby Kangaroo Is Rescued From Dead Mother’s Pouch (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Motor Vehicle Safety: NHTSA’s Ability to Detect and Recall Defective Replacement Crash Parts Is Limited; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams, S. A Study of Childhood Eating Habits in the United States and Their Association with Race and Gender. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. Met Opera Announces Lineup of Screenings. New York Times 2017, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmaceutics
ISSN (online)1999-4923
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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