How to format your references using the Information Systems Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Systems Journal (ISJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pan, J. (2012) From industrial toward ecological in China Science (New York, N.Y.), 336, 1397.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matthias, S. & Müller, F. (2003) Asymmetric pores in a silicon membrane acting as massively parallel brownian ratchets Nature, 424, 53–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alapan, Y., Little, J. A., & Gurkan, U. A. (2014) Heterogeneous red blood cell adhesion and deformability in sickle cell disease Scientific Reports, 4, 7173.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mackay, M. E., Tuteja, A., Duxbury, P. M., … Krishnan, R. S. (2006) General strategies for nanoparticle dispersion Science (New York, N.Y.), 311, 1740–1743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunne, R. A. (2006) A Statistical Approach to Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Decker, H., Lhotská, L., Link, S., Spies, M., & Wagner, R. R. (2014) Database and Expert Systems Applications: 25th International Conference, DEXA 2014, Munich, Germany, September 1-4, 2014. Proceedings, Part II Vol. 8645. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Anton, C. (2011) An Improved Satisfiable SAT Generator Based on Random Subgraph Isomorphism In: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 24th Canadian Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Canadian AI 2011, St. John’s, Canada, May 25-27, 2011. Proceedings, C. Butz & P. Lingras (eds.) pp. 44–49. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Systems Journal.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, July 6) Earthquake-Proof Coconut Houses Could Protect Against Natural Disasters. Retrieved 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Digital Television Transition: Information on the Implementation of the Converter Box Subsidy Program and Consumer Participation in the Program (No. GAO-08-1181T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarroll, M. L. (2005) Exercise and Airway Clearing Devices in Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programs for Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, March 27) Goal for One Team Is Impossible Dream for the Other New York Times, p. SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buchanan, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Adam, 2002; Lucas, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matthias & Müller, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (del Camino and others, 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Systems Journal
AbbreviationInf. Syst. J.
ISSN (print)1350-1917
ISSN (online)1365-2575
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

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