How to format your references using the Information Systems Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Systems Journal (ISJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beutler, E. (2004) Cell biology. ‘Pumping’ iron: the proteins Science (New York, N.Y.), 306, 2051–2053.
A journal article with 2 authors
Qaim, M. & Zilberman, D. (2003) Yield effects of genetically modified crops in developing countries Science (New York, N.Y.), 299, 900–902.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hollenstein, K., Frei, D. C., & Locher, K. P. (2007) Structure of an ABC transporter in complex with its binding protein Nature, 446, 213–216.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Corvaglia, S., Sanavio, B., Hong Enriquez, R. P., … Casalis, L. (2014) Atomic force microscopy based nanoassay: a new method to study α-Synuclein-dopamine bioaffinity interactions Scientific Reports, 4, 5366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, D. (2008) The JCT Minor Works Building Contracts 2005. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Proulx, T. (2011) Linking Models and Experiments, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 29th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2011. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, N., Lin, J., Jing, J., & Gao, N. (2012) RIKE: Using Revocable Identities to Support Key Escrow in PKIs In: Applied Cryptography and Network Security: 10th International Conference, ACNS 2012, Singapore, June 26-29, 2012. Proceedings, F. Bao, P. Samarati, & J. Zhou (eds.) pp. 48–65. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Systems Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, September 21) Harvard Study: Policy Issues Nearly Absent In Presidential Campaign Coverage. Retrieved 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Review of the Office of Education’s Basic Educational Opportunity Grant Program (No. 089536). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dashevsky-Kerdman, I. (2009) The meeting of one hundred ways (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mishan, L. (2017, September 21) The Taste of Darkness New York Times, p. M2166.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beutler, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Beutler, 2004; Qaim & Zilberman, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Qaim & Zilberman, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Corvaglia and others, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Systems Journal
AbbreviationInf. Syst. J.
ISSN (print)1350-1917
ISSN (online)1365-2575
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

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