How to format your references using the Information Systems Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Systems Journal (ISJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ward, C. (2000) Regenesis Nature, 404, 708.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hazen, R. M. & Roedder, E. (2001) Biogeology. How old are bacteria from the Permian age? Nature, 411, 155–156.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng, F., McGrath, K. P., & Hoveyda, A. H. (2014) Multifunctional organoboron compounds for scalable natural product synthesis Nature, 513, 367–374.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Huq, E., Al-Sady, B., Hudson, M., Kim, C., Apel, K., & Quail, P. H. (2004) Phytochrome-interacting factor 1 is a critical bHLH regulator of chlorophyll biosynthesis Science (New York, N.Y.), 305, 1937–1941.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gostick, A. & Elton, C. (2006) Führen mit Möhren. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Umeda, S., Nakano, M., Mizuyama, H., Hibino, N., Kiritsis, D., & von Cieminski, G. (2015) Advances in Production Management Systems: Innovative Production Management Towards Sustainable Growth: IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2015, Tokyo, Japan, September 7-9, 2015, Proceedings, Part I 1st ed. 2015, Vol. 459. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
He, Q. & Yang, B. (2015) Research Design In: Absolute Clauses in English from the Systemic Functional Perspective: A Corpus-Based Study, B. Yang (ed.) pp. 53–64. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Systems Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, April 17) Meet The Three-Foot-Long Worms That Mate In Your Abdomen. Retrieved 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Interstate Compacts: Transparency and Oversight of Bi-State Tolling Authorities Could Be Enhanced (No. GAO-13-687). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, E. (2019) Leadership Practices in K-12 Public Schools for Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students: A Qualitative Study (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, May 27) Shop Till You’re Thirsty New York Times, p. E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ward, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hazen & Roedder, 2001; Ward, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hazen & Roedder, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Huq and others, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Systems Journal
AbbreviationInf. Syst. J.
ISSN (print)1350-1917
ISSN (online)1365-2575
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

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