How to format your references using the Information Systems Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Systems Journal (ISJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maunz, P. (2011) Quantum physics: gentle measurement Nature, 475, 180–181.
A journal article with 2 authors
Katoh, H. & Negishi, M. (2003) RhoG activates Rac1 by direct interaction with the Dock180-binding protein Elmo Nature, 424, 461–464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen, H., Westhof, E., & Johansen, S. (2005) An mRNA is capped by a 2’, 5’ lariat catalyzed by a group I-like ribozyme Science (New York, N.Y.), 309, 1584–1587.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kieffer, S. W., Lu, X., Bethke, C. M., Spencer, J. R., Marshak, S., & Navrotsky, A. (2006) A clathrate reservoir hypothesis for Enceladus’ south polar plume Science (New York, N.Y.), 314, 1764–1766.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laursen, G. H. N. & Thorlund, J. (2016) Business Analytics for Managers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rehm, G. & Uszkoreit, H. (2012) The Finnish Language in the Digital Age. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Benepal, T., Matakidou, A., Zee, Y., Houlston, R., & Eisen, T. (2006) Genetics of Lung Cancer: Current Thinking on Genetic Predisposition to the Disease and Response to Treatment In: Tumors of the Chest: Biology, Diagnosis and Management, K. N. Syrigos, C. M. Nutting, & C. Roussos (eds.) pp. 57–66. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Systems Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, February 14) Chemical Pollution Found in Animals Living In The Deepest Oceans. Retrieved 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Mass Transit: Implementation of FTA’s New Starts Evaluation Process and FY 2001 Funding Proposals (No. RCED-00-149). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chappel, A. M. (2012) A Longitudinal Investigation of Stress, Complete Mental Health, and Social Support among High School Students (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, January 12) Film Series New York Times, p. C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maunz, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Katoh & Negishi, 2003; Maunz, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Katoh & Negishi, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kieffer and others, 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Systems Journal
AbbreviationInf. Syst. J.
ISSN (print)1350-1917
ISSN (online)1365-2575
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

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