How to format your references using the Information Systems Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Information Systems Journal (ISJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hemingway, J. (2004) Taking aim at mosquitoes Nature, 430, 936.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mabuchi, H. & Doherty, A. C. (2002) Cavity quantum electrodynamics: coherence in context Science (New York, N.Y.), 298, 1372–1377.
A journal article with 3 authors
Solomon, B. R., Hyder, M. N., & Varanasi, K. K. (2014) Separating oil-water nanoemulsions using flux-enhanced hierarchical membranes Scientific Reports, 4, 5504.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhou, Q., Renard, J.-P., Le Friec, G., … Cozzi, J. (2003) Generation of fertile cloned rats by regulating oocyte activation Science (New York, N.Y.), 302, 1179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Ruyet, D. & Pischella, M. (2015) Digital Communications 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gaeta, G. (2007) Modelli Matematici in Biologia. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Keyes, C. L. M., Fredrickson, B. L., & Park, N. (2012) Positive Psychology and the Quality of Life In: Handbook of Social Indicators and Quality of Life Research, K. C. Land, A. C. Michalos, & M. J. Sirgy (eds.) pp. 99–112. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Information Systems Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 27) First Taste Of Freedom For 6 Overjoyed Animals Caught On Film. Retrieved 30 October 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Year 2000 Computing Challenge: DEA Has Developed Plans and Established Controls for Business Continuity Planning (No. AIMD-00-8). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, K. L. (2017) Putting together the pieces of a social cognition deficit: A retrospective case study (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016, September 20) Who Needs Streaming? Aldean Album Is No. 1 New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hemingway, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hemingway, 2004; Mabuchi & Doherty, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mabuchi & Doherty, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou and others, 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInformation Systems Journal
AbbreviationInf. Syst. J.
ISSN (print)1350-1917
ISSN (online)1365-2575
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

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