How to format your references using the International Journal of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Young, R. C. (2000). The sounds of silence. Nature, 408(6809), 141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lippman, Z., & Martienssen, R. (2004). The role of RNA interference in heterochromatic silencing. Nature, 431(7006), 364–370.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hauf, S., Waizenegger, I. C., & Peters, J. M. (2001). Cohesin cleavage by separase required for anaphase and cytokinesis in human cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5533), 1320–1323.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Thilker, D. A., Donovan, J., Schiminovich, D., Bianchi, L., Boissier, S., de Paz, A. G., Madore, B. F., Martin, D. C., & Seibert, M. (2009). Massive star formation within the Leo “primordial” ring. Nature, 457(7232), 990–993.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paultre, P. (2013). Dynamics of Structures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kwak, J., Deng, R. H., Won, Y., & Wang, G. (Eds.). (2010). Information Security, Practice and Experience: 6th International Conference, ISPEC 2010, Seoul, Korea, May 12-13, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6047). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Majumder, M., & Ghosh, S. (2013). Methodology. In S. Ghosh (Ed.), Decision Making Algorithms for Hydro-Power Plant Location (pp. 35–56). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, May 31). 8 Genetic Mutations That Can Give You “Superpowers.” IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Space Station: NASA’s Software Development Approach Increases Safety and Cost Risks (IMTEC-92-39). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kapatsinski, V. (2009). The architecture of grammar in artificial grammar learning: Formal biases in the acquisition of morphophonology and the nature of the learning task [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2008, January 20). Offering Fresh Weapons Against Test Anxiety. New York Times, LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Young, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lippman & Martienssen, 2004; Young, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lippman & Martienssen, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Hauf et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Thilker et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Psychology
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0020-7594
ISSN (online)1464-066X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Medicine
General Psychology

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