How to format your references using the International Journal of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bilham, R. (2005). A flying start, then a slow slip. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5725), 1126–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Land, M. F., & Osorio, D. (2014). Physiology. Extraordinary color vision. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6169), 381–382.
A journal article with 3 authors
Haas, W., Shepard, B. D., & Gilmore, M. S. (2002). Two-component regulator of Enterococcus faecalis cytolysin responds to quorum-sensing autoinduction. Nature, 415(6867), 84–87.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Neetu, S., Suresh, I., Shankar, R., Shankar, D., Shenoi, S. S. C., Shetye, S. R., … Nagarajan, B. (2005). Comment on “The great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake of 26 December 2004.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5753), 1431; author reply 1431.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vignes, A. (2013). Extractive Metallurgy 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ditzel, M. (2007). Power-Aware Architecting for data-dominated applications. (R. H. J. M. Otten & W. A. Serdijn, Eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Pedamallu, C. S., Özdamar, L., & Csendes, T. (2007). An Interval Partitioning Approach for Continuous Constrained Optimization. In A. Törn & J. Žilinskas (Eds.), Models and Algorithms for Global Optimization: Essays Dedicated to Antanas Žilinskas on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday (pp. 73–96). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Psychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, March 18). 17-Million-Year-Old Whale Fossil Gives Hints To The Dawn Of Humanity. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Earth Observing System: Concentration on Near-Term EOSDIS Development May Jeopardize Long-Term Success (No. T-AIMD-95-103). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Byrd, M. L. (2012). Investigating an Afterschool Program for Black Teenage Males Designed to Increase Self-Efficacy (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D. (2017, July 1). ‘I’m President and They’re Not’: Trump Attack Brings Crowd to Its Feet. New York Times, p. A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bilham, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bilham, 2005; Land & Osorio, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Land & Osorio, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Haas, Shepard, & Gilmore, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Neetu et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Psychology
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0020-7594
ISSN (online)1464-066X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Medicine
General Psychology

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