How to format your references using the International Journal of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nelson, J. (2001). Solar energy. Solar cells by self-assembly? Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5532), 1059–1060.
A journal article with 2 authors
Redman, B. K., & Merz, J. F. (2008). Sociology. Scientific misconduct: do the punishments fit the crime? Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5890), 775.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jackson, D. E., Holcombe, M., & Ratnieks, F. L. W. (2004). Trail geometry gives polarity to ant foraging networks. Nature, 432(7019), 907–909.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chan, H. F., Zhang, Y., Ho, Y.-P., Chiu, Y.-L., Jung, Y., & Leong, K. W. (2013). Rapid formation of multicellular spheroids in double-emulsion droplets with controllable microenvironment. Scientific Reports, 3, 3462.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Larminat, P. (2014). Climate Change. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gallagher, M., Hogan, J. P., & Maire, F. (Eds.). (2005). Intelligent Data Engineering and Automated Learning - IDEAL 2005: 6th International Conference, Brisbane, Australia, July 6-8, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3578). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chuan, T., & Ling, C. (2011). Research on Financial System Computing Simulation. In M. Dai (Ed.), Innovative Computing and Information: International Conference, ICCIC 2011, Wuhan, China, September 17-18, 2011. Proceedings, Part I (pp. 29–35). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Psychology.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2017, February 20). This Disturbing Video Shows How Solid Earth Can Behave Like A Liquid During An Earthquake. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Higher Education: United States’ and Other Countries’ Strategies for Attracting and Funding International Students (GAO-08-878T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duley, L. A. (2012). A Qualitative Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experiences of Women Remaining in Abusive Relationships [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, N. (2011, August 9). Black-and-White Struggle With a Rosy Glow. New York Times, AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nelson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Nelson, 2001; Redman & Merz, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Redman & Merz, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Jackson et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Psychology
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0020-7594
ISSN (online)1464-066X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Medicine
General Psychology

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