How to format your references using the International Journal of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christe, K. O. (2008). Obituary: Neil Bartlett (1932-2008). Nature, 455(7210), 182.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turelli, P., & Trono, D. (2005). Editing at the crossroad of innate and adaptive immunity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5712), 1061–1065.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prakash, M., Quéré, D., & Bush, J. W. M. (2008). Surface tension transport of prey by feeding shorebirds: the capillary ratchet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5878), 931–934.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zaratiegui, M., Castel, S. E., Irvine, D. V., Kloc, A., Ren, J., Li, F., de Castro, E., Marín, L., Chang, A.-Y., Goto, D., Cande, W. Z., Antequera, F., Arcangioli, B., & Martienssen, R. A. (2011). RNAi promotes heterochromatic silencing through replication-coupled release of RNA Pol II. Nature, 479(7371), 135–138.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Teodorescu, P., Stănescu, N.-D., & Pandrea, N. (2013). Numerical Analysis with Applications in Mechanics and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lee, C., Seigneur, J.-M., Park, J. J., & Wagner, R. R. (Eds.). (2011). Secure and Trust Computing, Data Management, and Applications: STA 2011 Workshops: IWCS 2011 and STAVE 2011, Loutraki, Greece, June 28-30, 2011. Proceedings (Vol. 187). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, J. L., & Chen, A. (2016). Basic Operation of the Star Book TEN. In A. Chen (Ed.), The Vixen Star Book User Guide: How to Use the Star Book TEN and the Original Star Book (pp. 21–52). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Psychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, October 14). Watch A Praying Mantis Eat The Face Off A Fly. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Polar Satellites: Agencies Need to Address Potential Gaps in Weather and Climate Data Coverage (GAO-11-945T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Purdioux, L. (2015). Predicting deception detection ability based on the concept of self-compassionate personality trait, openness personality structure, and agreeableness personality structure [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2016, July 28). Seeing Him in the Funny Papers. New York Times, D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Christe, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Christe, 2008; Turelli & Trono, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turelli & Trono, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Prakash et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zaratiegui et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Psychology
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0020-7594
ISSN (online)1464-066X
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
General Medicine
General Psychology

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