How to format your references using the Pharmaceuticals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmaceuticals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles, J. Mad Cow Disease Comes to Japan. Nature 2001, 413, 240.
A journal article with 2 authors
Minton, D.A.; Malhotra, R. A Record of Planet Migration in the Main Asteroid Belt. Nature 2009, 457, 1109–1111.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seymour, R.S.; White, C.R.; Gibernau, M. Environmental Biology: Heat Reward for Insect Pollinators. Nature 2003, 426, 243–244.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Olsen, S.M.; Hansen, B.; Quadfasel, D.; Østerhus, S. Observed and Modelled Stability of Overflow across the Greenland-Scotland Ridge. Nature 2008, 455, 519–522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGuiggan, P. GPRS in Practice; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2005; ISBN 9780470095096.
An edited book
Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 8th International Conference, WWIC 2010, Luleå, Sweden, June 1-3, 2010. Proceedings; Osipov, E., Kassler, A., Bohnert, T.M., Masip-Bruin, X., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 6074; ISBN 9783642133145.
A chapter in an edited book
Gay, S.J. Subtyping Supports Safe Session Substitution. In A List of Successes That Can Change the World: Essays Dedicated to Philip Wadler on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday; Lindley, S., McBride, C., Trinder, P., Sannella, D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 95–108 ISBN 9783319309354.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmaceuticals.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Cats Understand Basic Laws Of Physics, According To Study Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Data Transparency: Oversight Needed to Address Underreporting and Inconsistencies on Federal Award Website; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Drake, D.A. Viscoelastic Characterization of Vapor-Grown Carbon Nanofiber/Vinyl Ester Nanocomposites Using a Response Surface Methodology. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University: Mississippi State, MS, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. The Whole Earth Is at Stake, but It’s Just a Game. New York Times 1995, 223.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmaceuticals
AbbreviationPharmaceuticals (Basel)
ISSN (online)1424-8247
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles