How to format your references using the Pharmaceuticals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmaceuticals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V. The global challenge. Nature 2007, 447, 348–349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zimmerberg, J.; Chernomordik, L.V. Neuroscience. Synaptic membranes bend to the will of a neurotoxin. Science 2005, 310, 1626–1627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hulme, M.; O’Neill, S.J.; Dessai, S. Climate change. Is weather event attribution necessary for adaptation funding? Science 2011, 334, 764–765.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vigny, C.; Socquet, A.; Peyrat, S.; Ruegg, J.-C.; Métois, M.; Madariaga, R.; Morvan, S.; Lancieri, M.; Lacassin, R.; Campos, J.; et al. The 2010 Mw 8.8 Maule megathrust earthquake of Central Chile, monitored by GPS. Science 2011, 332, 1417–1421.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bi, J. Sensory Discrimination Tests and Measurements; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015; ISBN 9781118994863.
An edited book
Reflections on Learning, Life and Work: Completing Doctoral Studies in Mid and Later Life and Career; Ryan, M., Ed.; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2012; ISBN 9789462090255.
A chapter in an edited book
Islam, S.; Hossain, I. Women in Employment: Local Dynamics, Global Pressures. In Social Justice in the Globalization of Production: Labor, Gender, and the Environment Nexus; Hossain, I., Ed.; Palgrave Macmillan UK: London, 2015; pp. 53–72 ISBN 9781349572687.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmaceuticals.

Blog post
Andrew, E. The Compound Behind All Those Stories About Red Wine Being Good For You Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Significant Actions Needed to Address Long-standing Financial Management Problems; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villanueva, R. Issues of performance practice: The influence of Franz Strauss upon Richard Strauss’s Horn Concerto No. 1. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. Differing Views on Value of High School Tests. New York Times 2013, SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmaceuticals
AbbreviationPharmaceuticals (Basel)
ISSN (online)1424-8247
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

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