How to format your references using the Pharmaceuticals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmaceuticals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. Halt the avalanche of performance metrics. Nature 2013, 500, 255.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koch, S.W.; Knorr, A. Applied physics. Optics in the nano-world. Science 2001, 293, 2217–2218.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayor, M.; Lovis, C.; Santos, N.C. Doppler spectroscopy as a path to the detection of Earth-like planets. Nature 2014, 513, 328–335.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hammoud, S.S.; Nix, D.A.; Zhang, H.; Purwar, J.; Carrell, D.T.; Cairns, B.R. Distinctive chromatin in human sperm packages genes for embryo development. Nature 2009, 460, 473–478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zeng, K.; Lou, W.; Li, M. Multihop Wireless Networks; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2011; ISBN 9781119973607.
An edited book
Bridging Between Cultural Heritage Institutions: 9th Italian Research Conference, IRCDL 2013, Rome, Italy, January 31–February 1, 2013, Revised Selected Papers; Catarci, T., Ferro, N., Poggi, A., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; Vol. 385; ISBN 9783642543463.
A chapter in an edited book
Tololyan, K. Armenian Diaspora. In Encyclopedia of Diasporas: Immigrant and Refugee Cultures Around the World; Ember, M., Ember, C.R., Skoggard, I., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2005; pp. 35–46 ISBN 9780306483219.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmaceuticals.

Blog post
Andrew, E. “Shock And Kill” Approach Cures Mice Of HIV In World First Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Customs Is Effectively Managing Its Year 2000 Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers, R.E. Moderating the effectiveness of messages to promote physical activity in type 2 diabetes. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida: Tampa, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. In Puerto Rico, Talks Resume Between Utility and Creditors. New York Times 2016, B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmaceuticals
AbbreviationPharmaceuticals (Basel)
ISSN (online)1424-8247
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles