How to format your references using the Pharmaceuticals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmaceuticals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ainsworth, C. Immunology: A Many Layered Thing. Nature 2012, 492, S52-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stephens, R.; Richey, M. A Business View on U.S. Education. Science 2013, 340, 313–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tingley, M.W.; Estes, L.D.; Wilcove, D.S. Ecosystems: Climate Change Must Not Blow Conservation off Course. Nature 2013, 500, 271–272.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cheng, J.-L.; Chen, G.; Liu, C.-T.; Li, Y. Innovative Approach to the Design of Low-Cost Zr-Based BMG Composites with Good Glass Formation. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Utsuro, M.; Ignatovich, V.K. Handbook of Neutron Optics; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2010; ISBN 9783527628780.
An edited book
Pediatric Oncology: A Comprehensive Guide; Imbach, P., Kühne, T., Arceci, R.J., Eds.; 3rd ed. 2014.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; ISBN 9783319060095.
A chapter in an edited book
Murphy, G.M.; Ralph, N. Photoprotection, Photoimmunology and Autoimmune Diseases. In Principles and Practice of Photoprotection; Wang, S.Q., Lim, H.W., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 75–93 ISBN 9783319293813.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmaceuticals.

Blog post
Andrew, E. The Huge “Asteroid” Set To Fly Past Earth Today Is Actually A Dead Comet - And It Looks Just Like A Skull! (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Job Corps: High Costs and Mixed Results Raise Questions About Program’s Effectiveness; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, A. Poetry as a Museum. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. In Pursuit of Influence (and Muggers): Farrell’s 42 Years in Politics. New York Times 2017, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmaceuticals
AbbreviationPharmaceuticals (Basel)
ISSN (online)1424-8247
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles