How to format your references using the Pharmaceuticals citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmaceuticals. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crow, J.M. Insomnia: Chasing the Dream. Nature 2013, 497, S16-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bell, G.I.; Polonsky, K.S. Diabetes Mellitus and Genetically Programmed Defects in Beta-Cell Function. Nature 2001, 414, 788–791.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, Z.; Clarke, J.A.; Zhang, F. Archaeoraptor’s Better Half. Nature 2002, 420, 285.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ramsuran, V.; Naranbhai, V.; Horowitz, A.; Qi, Y.; Martin, M.P.; Yuki, Y.; Gao, X.; Walker-Sperling, V.; Del Prete, G.Q.; Schneider, D.K.; et al. Elevated HLA-A Expression Impairs HIV Control through Inhibition of NKG2A-Expressing Cells. Science 2018, 359, 86–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sofronas, A. Analytical Troubleshooting of Process Machinery and Pressure Vessels; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005; ISBN 9780471752035.
An edited book
Liquid Biofuels: Emergence, Development and Prospects; Domingos Padula, A., Silveira dos Santos, M., Benedetti Santos, O.I., Borenstein, D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Energy; Springer: London, 2014; Vol. 27; ISBN 9781447164814.
A chapter in an edited book
Andersson, A.W.; Jansson, A.; Sandblad, B.; Tschirner, S. Recognizing Complexity: Visualization for Skilled Professionals in Complex Work Situations. In Building Bridges: HCI, Visualization, and Non-formal Modeling: IFIP WG 13.7 Workshops on Human–Computer Interaction and Visualization: 7th HCIV@ECCE 2011, Rostock, Germany, August 23, 2011, and 8th HCIV@INTERACT 2011, Lisbon, Portugal, September 5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers; Ebert, A., van der Veer, G.C., Domik, G., Gershon, N.D., Scheler, I., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; pp. 47–66 ISBN 9783642548932.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmaceuticals.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Mice Socially Transfer Pain – What About Humans? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Transportation Security R&D: TSA and DHS Are Researching and Developing Technologies, but Need to Improve R&D Management; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magnus, J.V. Female Police Officers: The Influence of a Masculine Culture. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University: Scottsdale, AZ, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. QUICK BITE | Chester; Cider, From Doughnuts to Hot Dogs. New York Times 2006, 14NJ19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmaceuticals
AbbreviationPharmaceuticals (Basel)
ISSN (online)1424-8247
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Pharmaceutical Science

Other styles