How to format your references using the International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fischer, R. (2008). Developmental biology. Sex and poison in the dark. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5882), 1430–1431.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zimmerman, J. B., & Anastas, P. T. (2015). Chemistry. Toward substitution with no regrets. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6227), 1198–1199.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, S., Wong, P., & Coulombe, P. A. (2006). A keratin cytoskeletal protein regulates protein synthesis and epithelial cell growth. Nature, 441(7091), 362–365.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hou, L., Pan, X., Guo, Q., & Liu, J.-G. (2014). Memory effect of the online user preference. Scientific reports, 4, 6560.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wuestenberg, K. (2012). Clinical Small Animal Care. Ames, Iowa, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wartofsky, L., & Van Nostrand, D. (Eds.). (2016). Thyroid Cancer: A Comprehensive Guide to Clinical Management (3rd ed. 2016.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Carr, L. P., & Nanni, A. J. (2009). Organizational Fitness: Culture and Values. In A. J. Nanni Jr. (Ed.), Delivering Results: Managing What Matters (pp. 59–72). New York, NY: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 18). Holding Out For ‘The One’ Makes Evolutionary Sense, Suggests Lovebirds Study. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Education’s Chapter 1 and 2 Programs and Local Dropout Prevention and Reentry Programs (No. T-HRD-87-2). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mikhailik, Y. (2013). Longing Limned (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, November 29). Welcoming Back N.B.A. With Open Yawns. New York Times, p. B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fischer 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Fischer 2008; Zimmerman and Anastas 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zimmerman and Anastas 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hou et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Child Care and Education Policy
ISSN (online)2288-6729

Other styles