How to format your references using the International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wade, M. J. (2012). Evolution. Constraints on sexual selection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6108), 749–750.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tosatti, E., & Prestipino, S. (2000). MATERIALS SCIENCE: Weird Gold Nanowires. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5479), 561–563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, Q., Su, X., & Ning, K. (2014). Assessment of quality control approaches for metagenomic data analysis. Scientific reports, 4, 6957.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
He, Y., Nagashima, K., Kanai, M., Meng, G., Zhuge, F., Rahong, S., et al. (2014). Nanoscale size-selective deposition of nanowires by micrometer scale hydrophilic patterns. Scientific reports, 4, 5943.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blume, S. W. (2011). High Voltage Protection for Telecommunications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Song, I.-Y., Eder, J., & Nguyen, T. M. (Eds.). (2008). Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 10th International Conference, DaWaK 2008 Turin, Italy, September 2-5, 2008 Proceedings (Vol. 5182). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao, L., Sakr, S., Liu, A., & Bouguettaya, A. (2014). Database Replication of NoSQL Database-as-a-Service. In S. Sakr, A. Liu, & A. Bouguettaya (Eds.), Cloud Data Management (pp. 67–80). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, April 20). How To Watch The Lyrid Meteor Shower On Wednesday Night. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Financial Management Systems: OMB’s Financial Management Line of Business Initiative Continues but Future Success Remains Uncertain (No. GAO-09-328). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hebel, O. (2012). Parental involvement in the individual educational program for Israeli students with disabilities (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, April 7). Reconditioned Harvey Impresses in Winning Return for the Mets. New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wade 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Tosatti and Prestipino 2000; Wade 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tosatti and Prestipino 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Child Care and Education Policy
ISSN (online)2288-6729

Other styles