How to format your references using the International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C. (2015). Screening: Early alert. Nature, 521(7551), S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Monroe, C., & Kim, J. (2013). Scaling the ion trap quantum processor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6124), 1164–1169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, C., Wang, X., & Liu, H. (2014). Controllability of time-delayed Boolean multiplex control networks under asynchronous stochastic update. Scientific reports, 4, 7522.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Robertson, W. H., Diken, E. G., Price, E. A., Shin, J.-W., & Johnson, M. A. (2003). Spectroscopic determination of the OH- solvation shell in the OH-.(H2O)n clusters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5611), 1367–1372.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Box, G. E. P., Luceño, A., & Paniagua-Quiñones, M. D. C. (2009). Statistical Control by Monitoring and Adjustment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Eaton, C., Seegenschmiedt, M. H., Bayat, A., Gabbiani, G., Werker, P., & Wach, W. (Eds.). (2012). Dupuytren’s Disease and Related Hyperproliferative Disorders: Principles, Research, and Clinical Perspectives. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sukhorebra, S. (2009). Current State in the Field of Persistent Organic Pollutants Management in Ukraine. In A. M. Bahadir & G. Duca (Eds.), The Role of Ecological Chemistry in Pollution Research and Sustainable Development (pp. 47–54). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, July 1). How Extreme Birds Stay Aloft For Months At A Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Space Transportation System: Past, Present, Future (No. PSAD-77-113). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, C. (2013). The affect of acculturation on obesity among foreign-born Asians residing in the United States (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2017, March 10). Combative, Conflicting and Confusing. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Monroe and Kim 2013; Willyard 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Monroe and Kim 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Robertson et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Child Care and Education Policy
ISSN (online)2288-6729

Other styles