How to format your references using the International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smetacek, V. (2002). Balance: mind-grasping gravity. Nature, 415(6871), 481.
A journal article with 2 authors
Olivera, B. M., & Teichert, R. W. (2011). Neuroscience: chemical ecology of pain. Nature, 479(7373), 306–307.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mignot, T., Merlie, J. P., Jr, & Zusman, D. R. (2005). Regulated pole-to-pole oscillations of a bacterial gliding motility protein. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5749), 855–857.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Calais, E., Mattioli, G., DeMets, C., Nocquet, J.-M., Stein, S., Newman, A., & Rydelek, P. (2005). Seismology: tectonic strain in plate interiors? Nature, 438(7070), E9-10; discussion E10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sharon, M., & Sharon, M. (2015). Graphene. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Renals, S., & Bengio, S. (Eds.). (2006). Machine Learning for Multimodal Interaction: Second International Workshop, MLMI 2005, Edinburgh, UK, July 11-13, 2005, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 3869). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sagarin, R., & Pauchard, A. (2012). Using All the Senses in Ecology. In A. Pauchard (Ed.), Observation and Ecology: Broadening the Scope of Science to Understand a Complex World (pp. 47–61). Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, May 19). Scientists Work Out How To Make Matter From Light. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Airline Competition: Cargo Airline Has Enhanced Competition in Hawaii but Faces an Uncertain Future (No. RCED-98-156). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Starner, R. N. (2013). Expanding the Scope of Silyl Protecting Groups for Sialylation Reactions (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goodman, J. (2016, October 9). The Other 1 Percent. New York Times, p. BR25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smetacek 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Olivera and Teichert 2011; Smetacek 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Olivera and Teichert 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Calais et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Child Care and Education Policy
ISSN (online)2288-6729

Other styles