How to format your references using the International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Resch, K. J. (2008). Physics. Amplifying a tiny optical effect. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5864), 733–734.
A journal article with 2 authors
Minetti, A. E., & Ardigó, L. P. (2002). Halteres used in ancient Olympic long jump. Nature, 420(6912), 141–142.
A journal article with 3 authors
Friis, E. M., Pedersen, K. R., & Crane, P. R. (2001). Fossil evidence of water lilies (Nymphaeales) in the Early Cretaceous. Nature, 410(6826), 357–360.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Park, J. T., Chi, W. S., Kim, S. J., Lee, D., & Kim, J. H. (2014). Mesoporous TiO₂ Bragg stack templated by graft copolymer for dye-sensitized solar cells. Scientific reports, 4, 5505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lavagnini, I., Magno, F., Seraglia, R., & Traldi, P. (2006). Quantitative Applications of Mass Spectrometry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Calude, C. S., Hagiya, M., Morita, K., Rozenberg, G., & Timmis, J. (Eds.). (2010). Unconventional Computation: 9th International Conference, US 2010, Tokyo, Japan, June 21-25, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6079). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Streffer, C., Gethmann, C. F., Kamp, G., Kröger, W., Rehbinder, E., Renn, O., & Röhlig, K.-J. (2012). Waste management strategies and disposal design. In C. F. Gethmann, G. Kamp, W. Kröger, E. Rehbinder, O. Renn, & K.-J. Röhlig (Eds.), Radioactive Waste: Technical and Normative Aspects of its Disposal (pp. 111–199). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 3). Pluto Scientists Were Masters Of The Long Haul – Here’s How People Stick With Extremely Long-Term Goals. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Federal Research: Minor Changes Would Further Improve New NSF Indirect Cost Guidance (No. RCED-93-140). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell, V. M. (2014). A phenomenological study factors African American female college students face participating in engineering STEM majors (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rao, T. (2016, August 25). Cool Ranch. New York Times, p. MM30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Resch 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Minetti and Ardigó 2002; Resch 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Minetti and Ardigó 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Child Care and Education Policy
ISSN (online)2288-6729

Other styles