How to format your references using the International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. (2004). Curiosity makes way for capitalism. Nature, 429(6988), 216–219.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fedoroff, N., & Fontana, W. (2002). Genetic networks. Small numbers of big molecules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5584), 1129–1131.
A journal article with 3 authors
Croon, M. B., Hillier, J. K., & Sclater, J. G. (2011). Comment on “Mantle flow drives the subsidence of oceanic plates.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6020), 1011; author reply 1011.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schellekens, M., Hoppeler, R., Perrin, A., Gomes, J. V., Boiron, D., Aspect, A., & Westbrook, C. I. (2005). Hanbury Brown Twiss effect for ultracold quantum gases. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5748), 648–651.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zadora, G., Martyna, A., Ramos, D., & Aitken, C. (2013). Statistical Analysis in Forensic Science. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Kyung, C.-M. (Ed.). (2015). Smart Sensors for Health and Environment Monitoring. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Okaie, Y., Nakano, T., Hara, T., & Nishio, S. (2016). Controllability of Mobile Bionanosensors. In T. Nakano, T. Hara, & S. Nishio (Eds.), Target Detection and Tracking by Bionanosensor Networks (pp. 53–58). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, November 13). What Did Mars Look Like When It Had Water? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). National Laboratories: Better Performance Reporting Could Aid Oversight of Laboratory-Directed R&D Program (No. GAO-01-927). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins, D. (2017). Leadership Best Practices for Female Executives in the Information Technology Industry (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2010, May 9). Irish Inspiration; French Twists. New York Times, p. NJ16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski 2004, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fedoroff and Fontana 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Schellekens et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Child Care and Education Policy
ISSN (online)2288-6729

Other styles