How to format your references using the Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garrett, Laurie. 2012. Global health hits crisis point. Nature 482: 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hellmann, Hanjo, and Mark Estelle. 2002. Plant development: regulation by protein degradation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 793–797.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maier, Timm, Marc Leibundgut, and Nenad Ban. 2008. The crystal structure of a mammalian fatty acid synthase. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 1315–1322.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Osterwalder, Marco, Iros Barozzi, Virginie Tissières, Yoko Fukuda-Yuzawa, Brandon J. Mannion, Sarah Y. Afzal, Elizabeth A. Lee, et al. 2018. Enhancer redundancy provides phenotypic robustness in mammalian development. Nature 554: 239–243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dooner, David B. 2012. Kinematic Geometry of Gearing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kusano, Tomonobu, and Hideyuki Suzuki, ed. 2015. Polyamines: A Universal Molecular Nexus for Growth, Survival, and Specialized Metabolism. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Michl, Susanne. 2015. Inventing Traditions, Raising Expectations. Recent Debates on “Personalized Medicine.” In Individualized Medicine: Ethical, Economical and Historical Perspectives, ed. Tobias Fischer, Martin Langanke, Paul Marschall, and Susanne Michl, 45–60. Advances in Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2017. Tea Consumption Might Alter Gene Expression In Women, But Not Men. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 2.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Reevaluation Needed of Educational Assistance for Institutionalized Neglected or Delinquent Children. HRD-78-11. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cook, Melissa M. 2017. An Examination of the Proportion of Special Education Students in Single-Parent Homes in Comparison to Regular Education Students in Similar Households. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tankersley, Jim. 2017. Federal Debt Is Not Reduced By Gains in Market. New York Times, October 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garrett 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hellmann and Estelle 2002; Garrett 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hellmann and Estelle 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Osterwalder et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN (print)1674-0750
ISSN (online)2198-2600

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