How to format your references using the Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tauxe, Will. 2015. A tumour through time. Nature 527: S102-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cowen, Leah E., and Susan Lindquist. 2005. Hsp90 potentiates the rapid evolution of new traits: drug resistance in diverse fungi. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309: 2185–2189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nawae, Wanapinun, Supa Hannongbua, and Marasri Ruengjitchatchawalya. 2014. Defining the membrane disruption mechanism of kalata B1 via coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations. Scientific reports 4: 3933.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jiang, Ning, Zhirong Bao, Xiaoyu Zhang, Hirohiko Hirochika, Sean R. Eddy, Susan R. McCouch, and Susan R. Wessler. 2003. An active DNA transposon family in rice. Nature 421: 163–167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gostick, Adrian, and Chester Elton. 2006. Führen mit Möhren. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Abbas, Amr E., ed. 2015. Aortic Stenosis: Case-Based Diagnosis and Therapy. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bilgin, Aysenur, Hani Hagras, and Christian Wagner. 2016. Novel Approaches to Artefact Adaptation in Ambient Intelligent Environments. In Next Generation Intelligent Environments: Ambient Adaptive Systems, ed. Stefan Ultes, Florian Nothdurft, Tobias Heinroth, and Wolfgang Minker, 165–219. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. Common Painkiller Could Make You Less Able To Feel Empathy. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 16.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Executive Guide: Measuring Performance and Demonstrating Results of Information Technology Investments. AIMD-98-89. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vespa, Matthew C. 2013. System Identification and Compensation Using a Surface-Bristle Deflection Model. Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, Benjamin. 2015. Squabbling, Hesitation and Luck Had Roles in Capture. New York Times, June 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tauxe 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cowen and Lindquist 2005; Tauxe 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cowen and Lindquist 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN (print)1674-0750
ISSN (online)2198-2600

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