How to format your references using the Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clary, David C. 2013. Chemistry. 100 years of atomic theory. Science (New York, N.Y.) 341: 244–245.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu, Y., and J. W. Marsh. 2001. Selective transcription and modulation of resting T cell activity by preintegrated HIV DNA. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293: 1503–1506.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chesler, E. J., S. L. Rodriguez-Zas, and J. S. Mogil. 2001. In silico mapping of mouse quantitative trait loci. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 2423.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hamilton, John T. G., W. Colin McRoberts, Frank Keppler, Robert M. Kalin, and David B. Harper. 2003. Chloride methylation by plant pectin: an efficient environmentally significant process. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 206–209.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saadoun, Andrè P. 2012. Esthetic Soft Tissue Management of Teeth and Implants. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Asarin, Eugene, and Patricia Bouyer, ed. 2006. Formal Modeling and Analysis of Timed Systems: 4th International Conference, FORMATS 2006, Paris, France, September 25-27, 2006. Proceedings. Vol. 4202. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fabri, Marc. 2015. Thinking with a New Purpose: Lessons Learned from Teaching Design Thinking Skills to Creative Technology Students. In Design, User Experience, and Usability: Design Discourse: 4th International Conference, DUXU 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part I, ed. Aaron Marcus, 32–43. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2016. Snakes Probably Lost Their Legs Swimming, Not Burrowing. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 20.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Training Procurement: Weaknesses Identified in NTSB Procurement Practices. OSI-94-20. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tchen, Yin. 2010. An evaluation of the effectiveness of mandatory reporting of health care associated infection. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, Susan. 2015. Applying for College Aid Is Set to Get Easier. New York Times, September 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clary 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Wu and Marsh 2001; Clary 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu and Marsh 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hamilton et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN (print)1674-0750
ISSN (online)2198-2600

Other styles