How to format your references using the Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ferry, Georgina. 2013. Scientific heritage: Science today, history tomorrow. Nature 493: 19–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abrams, N. E., and J. R. Primack. 2001. Essays on science and society. Cosmology and 21st-century culture. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293: 1769–1770.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beal, Emily J., Christopher H. House, and Victoria J. Orphan. 2009. Manganese- and iron-dependent marine methane oxidation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 184–187.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jin, Xiao, Qinghua Li, Yue Li, Zihan Chen, Tai-Huei Wei, Xingdao He, and Weifu Sun. 2014. Energy level control: toward an efficient hot electron transport. Scientific reports 4: 5983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makower, Timothy. 2014. Touching the City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rezaei, Nima, Asghar Aghamohammadi, and Luigi D. Notarangelo, ed. 2008. Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases: Definition, Diagnosis, and Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Betlemidze, Mariam. 2016. Ethnic Conflicts and Deleuzo-Guattarian Rhizomes of Cultural Affirmation. In Communicating Differences: Culture, Media, Peace and Conflict Negotiation, ed. Sudeshna Roy and Ibrahim Seaga Shaw, 68–83. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2015. Is Friday The 13th Really Unlucky? IFLScience. IFLScience. November 13.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Public Education: Title I Services Provided to Students With Limited English Proficiency. HEHS-00-25. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, Patricia J. 2009. A comparison of a high and low -performing school in the Soroti Catholic Diocese, Uganda, East -Africa. Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2000. Teachers Adding an H (for Hygiene) to the 3 R’s. New York Times, December 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ferry 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Abrams and Primack 2001; Ferry 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abrams and Primack 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Jin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN (print)1674-0750
ISSN (online)2198-2600

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