How to format your references using the Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Appelbaum, Frederick R. 2012. Retrospective. E. Donnall Thomas (1920-2012). Science (New York, N.Y.) 338: 1163.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eames, Matt, and Tanja Kortemme. 2012. Cost-benefit tradeoffs in engineered lac operons. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336: 911–915.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tewksbury, Joshua J., Raymond B. Huey, and Curtis A. Deutsch. 2008. Ecology. Putting the heat on tropical animals. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320: 1296–1297.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Buzio, Renato, Luca Repetto, Francesca Giacopelli, Roberto Ravazzolo, and Ugo Valbusa. 2014. Symmetric curvature descriptors for label-free analysis of DNA. Scientific reports 4: 6459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodgers, Nancy. 2000. Learning to Reason. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Imai, Ryozo, Midori Yoshida, and Naoyuki Matsumoto, ed. 2013. Plant and Microbe Adaptations to Cold in a Changing World: Proceedings from Plant and Microbe Adaptations to Cold 2012. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pavlovic, Mirjana, and Bela Balint. 2013. Adult Stem Cells (the Concept of VSEL-Cell). In Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering, ed. Bela Balint, 21–22. SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2016. US Navy Sonar Found To Breach Whale Protection Laws. IFLScience. IFLScience. July 21.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. [Recommendation to Congress To Relieve FAA Employee of Liability for Erroneous Payment]. B-227513. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roediger, Erik. 2015. Relaxation Skills Training for Elementary Aged Children. Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, Mary M. 2010. Detroit Reins In an Annual Halloween Revelry. New York Times, October 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Appelbaum 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Appelbaum 2012; Eames and Kortemme 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eames and Kortemme 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Buzio et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN (print)1674-0750
ISSN (online)2198-2600

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