How to format your references using the Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hong, Weizhe. 2013. Science & SciLifeLab Prize. Assembly of a neural circuit. Science (New York, N.Y.) 342: 1186.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robert, K. A., and M. B. Thompson. 2001. Sex determination. Viviparous lizard selects sex of embryos. Nature 412: 698–699.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hellberg, M. E., D. P. Balch, and K. Roy. 2001. Climate-driven range expansion and morphological evolution in a marine gastropod. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292: 1707–1710.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Malhi, Yadvinder, J. Timmons Roberts, Richard A. Betts, Timothy J. Killeen, Wenhong Li, and Carlos A. Nobre. 2008. Climate change, deforestation, and the fate of the Amazon. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319: 169–172.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gutiérrez, Íñigo, Juan Meléndez, and Erik Hernández. 2007. Design and Characterization of Integrated Varactors for RF Applications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wang, Weijun, Yanhui Li, Zhao Duan, Li Yan, Hongxiu Li, and Xiaoxi Yang, ed. 2007. Integration and Innovation Orient to E-Society Volume 2: Seventh IFIP International Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society (13E2007), October 10–12, Wuhan, China. Vol. 252. IFIP International Federation for Information Processing. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Deflaux, Guillaume, Thierry Agagliate, Jean-Etienne Durand, and Pierre Yamaogo. 2014. Computerization of Medical Consultation for Children Under Five Years of Age in Rural Areas of Burkina Faso. In Technologies for Sustainable Development: A Way to Reduce Poverty?, ed. Jean-Claude Bolay, Silvia Hostettler, and Eileen Hazboun, 33–42. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. These Are The Organizations That Can Now View Your Browser History Under New Security Laws. IFLScience. IFLScience. November 25.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Air Traffic Control: Challenges Facing FAA’s Modernization Program. T-RCED-92-34. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
May, Lisa A. 2009. Teacher compensation and the academic achievement of high school students. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cave, Damien. 2017. Making History With Breast-Fed Meal in Parliament. New York Times, May 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hong 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Robert and Thompson 2001; Hong 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robert and Thompson 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Malhi et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences
ISSN (print)1674-0750
ISSN (online)2198-2600

Other styles