How to format your references using the Developmental Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Developmental Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cobb SR: Cognitive disorders: Deep brain stimulation for Rett syndrome. Nature 2015;526:331–332.
A journal article with 2 authors
Florence TJ, Reiser MB: Neuroscience: hot on the trail of temperature processing. Nature 2015;519:296–297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee T-H, Bhunia S, Mehregany M: Electromechanical computing at 500 degrees C with silicon carbide. Science 2010;329:1316–1318.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Heuer D, Rejman Lipinski A, Machuy N, Karlas A, Wehrens A, Siedler F, et al.: Chlamydia causes fragmentation of the Golgi compartment to ensure reproduction. Nature 2009;457:731–735.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen W-Y: NeuroInvesting. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
Hu W (ed): Electronics and Signal Processing: Selected Papers from the 2011 International Conference on Electric and Electronics (EEIC 2011) in Nanchang, China on June 20–22, 2011, Volume 1. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Wilczenski FL, Coomey SM: Changing Roles and the Process of Changing; in Coomey SM (ed): A Practical Guide to Service Learning: Strategies for Positive Development in Schools. Boston, MA, Springer US, 2007, pp 57–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Developmental Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew E: Scientists Grow Miniature Brains From Skin Cells Of Autistic Patients. IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: University Finances: Research Revenues and Expenditures. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bogenreif C: Rachmaninoff’s Sonata For Cello and Piano: A Staple in the Cello and Piano Repertoire 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L: Bush Appeals to Justices on Detainees Case. New York Times 2008;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopmental Neuroscience
AbbreviationDev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0378-5866
ISSN (online)1421-9859
ScopeDevelopmental Neuroscience

Other styles