How to format your references using the Developmental Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Developmental Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Gitlin JD. Plant science. Distributing nutrition. Science. 2006 Nov;314(5803):1252–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Schrag DP, Linsley BK. Paleoclimate. Corals, chemistry, and climate. Science. 2002 Apr;296(5566):277–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Andersson JO, Doolittle WF, Nesbø CL. Genomics. Are there bugs in our genome? Science. 2001 Jun;292(5523):1848–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Thomas CD, Bodsworth EJ, Wilson RJ, Simmons AD, Davies ZG, Musche M, et al. Ecological and evolutionary processes at expanding range margins. Nature. 2001 May;411(6837):577–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Halloran M, Thies C. The Social Media Handbook for Financial Advisors. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1
Harrie RP. Clinical Ophthalmic Echography: A Case Study Approach. 2nd ed. 2014. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Schwenn R. Solar Wind Sources and Their Variations over the Solar Cycle. In: Baker DN, Klecker B, Schwartz SJ, Schwenn R, Steiger RV, editors. Solar Dynamics and Its Effects on the Heliosphere and Earth. New York, NY: Springer; 2007; pp 51–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Developmental Neuroscience.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. What Would Happen If The Planet Stopped Spinning? [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Jun [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/what-would-happen-if-planet-stopped-spinning/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Air Force Rationale for JDAM Production Decision. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Teague HL. A Mixed Methods Study of Online Course Facilitators’ Perceptions of Mobile Technology, Design, and TPaCK Affordances. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Walsh MW. A.I.G.’s Chief Says Insurer Is Reducing Its Risks. New York Times. 2015 May;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopmental Neuroscience
AbbreviationDev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0378-5866
ISSN (online)1421-9859
ScopeDevelopmental Neuroscience
Neurology

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