How to format your references using the Developmental Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Developmental Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Phillips R. In retrospect: The Feynman Lectures on Physics. Nature. 2013 Dec;504(7478):30–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benoist C, Hacohen N. Immunology. Flow cytometry, amped up. Science. 2011 May;332(6030):677–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beddington JR, Agnew DJ, Clark CW. Current problems in the management of marine fisheries. Science. 2007 Jun;316(5832):1713–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Seo M, Hong C, Lee S-Y, Choi HK, Kim N, Chung Y, et al. Multi-valued logic gates based on ballistic transport in quantum point contacts. Sci Rep. 2014 Jan;4:3806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quéguiner B. The Biogeochemical Cycle of Silicon in the Ocean. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Jurin RR. Environmental Communication. Second Edition: Skills and Principles for Natural Resource Managers, Scientists, and Engineers. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Buscemi MG, Montanari U, Taneja S. Toward a Game-Theoretic Model of Grid Systems. In: Wirsing M, Hofmann M, Rauschmayer A, editors. Trustworthly Global Computing: 5th International Symposium, TGC 2010, Munich, Germany, February 24-26, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010; pp 57–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Developmental Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew E. Mars Coming Into Opposition [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Apr [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Estimated State Funding Under the Transportation Empowerment Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sugg J. Small Graces: Mapping a Route of Beauty to the Heart of the World. 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tabor MBW. Media: Publishing; Nobody’s sure what multimedia rights to books are worth. But nobody’s ceding them without a fight. New York Times. 1995 May;D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopmental Neuroscience
AbbreviationDev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0378-5866
ISSN (online)1421-9859
ScopeDevelopmental Neuroscience

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