How to format your references using the Borsa Istanbul Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Borsa Istanbul Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2010). World view: disaster, unmitigated. Nature, 465(7296), 287.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hutvágner, G., & Zamore, P. D. (2002). A microRNA in a multiple-turnover RNAi enzyme complex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5589), 2056–2060.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tsubogo, T., Oyamada, H., & Kobayashi, S. (2015). Multistep continuous-flow synthesis of (R)- and (S)-rolipram using heterogeneous catalysts. Nature, 520(7547), 329–332.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ahumada, A., Slusarski, D. C., Liu, X., Moon, R. T., Malbon, C. C., & Wang, H.-Y. (2002). Signaling of rat Frizzled-2 through phosphodiesterase and cyclic GMP. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5600), 2006–2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levin, R. (2011). Implementing the Wealth Management Index. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Marqué, C., & Nindos, A. (Eds.). (2012). Energy Storage and Release through the Solar Activity Cycle: Models Meet Radio Observations. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hutchison, A. A., Leclerc, F., Nève, V., Pillow, J. J., & Robinson, P. D. (2015). The Respiratory System. In P. C. Rimensberger (Ed.), Pediatric and Neonatal Mechanical Ventilation: From Basics to Clinical Practice (pp. 55–112). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Borsa Istanbul Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 8). No, Sunscreen Will Not Give You Cancer. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Spectrum Management: Preliminary Findings on Federal Relocation Costs and Auction Revenues (GAO-13-563T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swan, C. (2017). Arts participation and career preparedness: A pragmatic approach to assessing arts benefits [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2016, January 29). 130 Years Ago: ‘War and Peace’ Finally Published in English. New York Times, C29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hutvágner & Zamore, 2002; Macilwain, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hutvágner & Zamore, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Tsubogo et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ahumada et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBorsa Istanbul Review
ISSN (print)2214-8450

Other styles