How to format your references using the Borsa Istanbul Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Borsa Istanbul Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chong, Y. (2013). Optical devices: photonic insulators with a twist. Nature, 496(7444), 173–174.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gann, A., & Witkowski, J. (2010). The lost correspondence of Francis Crick. Nature, 467(7315), 519–524.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kavanagh, K. D., Evans, A. R., & Jernvall, J. (2007). Predicting evolutionary patterns of mammalian teeth from development. Nature, 449(7161), 427–432.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
McManus, T. M., Valiente-Kroon, J. A., Horsley, S. A. R., & Hao, Y. (2014). Illusions and cloaks for surface waves. Scientific Reports, 4, 5977.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horstmeyer, S. L. (2011). The Weather Almanac. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Akhgar, B., Bayerl, P. S., & Sampson, F. (Eds.). (2016). Open Source Intelligence Investigation: From Strategy to Implementation. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dwiyanti, M. S., & Yamada, T. (2013). Molecular Mapping and Breeding for Genes/QTLS Related to Climate Change. In C. Kole (Ed.), Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops: Vol. 1 Concepts and Strategies (pp. 179–212). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Borsa Istanbul Review.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 13). Calcium Supplements May Increase The Risk Of Heart Disease, Study Finds. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). European Aeronautics: Strong Government Presence in Industry Structure and Research and Development Support (NSIAD-94-71). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delisio, J. P. (2017). Fighting For A Cure: The Berry Plan’s Impact on Civilian Medical Research [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, October 15). Failure Is an Art Form. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chong, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Chong, 2013; Gann & Witkowski, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gann & Witkowski, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Kavanagh et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (McManus et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBorsa Istanbul Review
ISSN (print)2214-8450

Other styles