How to format your references using the Borsa Istanbul Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Borsa Istanbul Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mokyr, J. (2015). ECONOMICS. Intellectuals and the rise of the modern economy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6244), 141–142.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meyer, G., & Brose, N. (2003). Neuroscience. SPARring with spines. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5649), 1341–1344.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clem, R. L., Celikel, T., & Barth, A. L. (2008). Ongoing in vivo experience triggers synaptic metaplasticity in the neocortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5859), 101–104.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee, K., Cho, S., Park, S. H., Heeger, A. J., Lee, C.-W., & Lee, S.-H. (2006). Metallic transport in polyaniline. Nature, 441(7089), 65–68.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2015). Guidelines for Defining Process Safety Competency Requirements. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Winkelmann, K., & Bhushan, B. (Eds.). (2016). Global Perspectives of Nanoscience and Engineering Education. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Luo, C., Liu, Y., Zhang, M., & Ma, S. (2014). Query Ambiguity Identification Based on User Behavior Information. In A. Jaafar, N. Mohamad Ali, S. A. Mohd Noah, A. F. Smeaton, P. Bruza, Z. A. Bakar, N. Jamil, & T. M. T. Sembok (Eds.), Information Retrieval Technology: 10th Asia Information Retrieval Societies Conference, AIRS 2014, Kuching, Malaysia, December 3-5, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 36–47). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Borsa Istanbul Review.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, December 20). 22 Ways To Be Healthier With Minimal Effort. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Human Capital: Agencies Should More Fully Evaluate the Costs and Benefits of Executive Training (GAO-14-132). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shelby, K. R. (2013). Systems Engineering Knowledge Asset (SEKA) Management for Higher Performing Engineering Teams: People, Process and Technology toward Effective Knowledge-Workers [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Garner, D. (2014, March 14). 15 Minutes of Fame? Try 1,500 Years. New York Times, MM40.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mokyr, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Meyer & Brose, 2003; Mokyr, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meyer & Brose, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Clem et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lee et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBorsa Istanbul Review
ISSN (print)2214-8450

Other styles