How to format your references using the Borsa Istanbul Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Borsa Istanbul Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, E. (2004). Fast Track: charting the course of your postdoc. Nature, 431(7012), 1126–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deng, M., & Hochstrasser, M. (2006). Spatially regulated ubiquitin ligation by an ER/nuclear membrane ligase. Nature, 443(7113), 827–831.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuck, A. L., Turner, S. M., & Liss, P. S. (2002). Direct evidence for a marine source of C1 and C2 alkyl nitrates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5584), 1151–1154.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, C., Fu, X., Liu, L., Ren, X., Chau, C. K. L., Li, S., … Huang, J.-D. (2011). Sequential establishment of stripe patterns in an expanding cell population. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6053), 238–241.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao, K. R., Bojkovic, Z. S., & Milovanovic, D. A. (2005). Introduction to Multimedia Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Balcar, E. (2009). Introduction to the Graphical Theory of Angular Momentum: Case Studies. (S. W. Lovesey, Ed.) (Vol. 234). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Latgé, J. P., & Calderone, R. (2006). The Fungal Cell Wall. In U. Kües & R. Fischer (Eds.), Growth, Differentiation and Sexuality (pp. 73–104). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Borsa Istanbul Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, January 15). Fossils reveal how fish made transition from water to land. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). The Bureau of Indian Affairs Should Do More to Help Educate Indian Students (No. HRD-77-155). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dolan, D. J. (2017). Structural Evolution of Martin Crater Thaumasia Planum, Mars (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, October 3). With a Little Help From His Friends. New York Times, p. C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Deng & Hochstrasser, 2006; Russo, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deng & Hochstrasser, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Chuck, Turner, & Liss, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liu et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleBorsa Istanbul Review
ISSN (print)2214-8450

Other styles