How to format your references using the Borsa Istanbul Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Borsa Istanbul Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, C. V. (2011). John Fenn (1917-2010). Nature, 469(7330), 300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dasgupta, P. S., & Ehrlich, P. R. (2013). Pervasive externalities at the population, consumption, and environment nexus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6130), 324–328.
A journal article with 3 authors
Johnson, K. S., Riser, S. C., & Karl, D. M. (2010). Nitrate supply from deep to near-surface waters of the North Pacific subtropical gyre. Nature, 465(7301), 1062–1065.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Uchida, K., Takahashi, S., Harii, K., Ieda, J., Koshibae, W., Ando, K., Maekawa, S., & Saitoh, E. (2008). Observation of the spin Seebeck effect. Nature, 455(7214), 778–781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, K.-H. (2016). Power Management Techniques for Integrated Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Boyarchenko, S. (2007). Irreversible Decisions under Uncertainty: Optimal Stopping Made Easy (S. Levendorskii, Ed.; Vol. 27). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Field, W. E., & Tormoehlen, R. L. (2006). Education and Training as Intervention Strategies. In J. E. Lessenger (Ed.), Agricultural Medicine: A Practical Guide (pp. 42–52). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Borsa Istanbul Review.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, April 7). One In Four People Have Sexual Fantasies About AI Voice Assistants Like Siri. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Student Loans: Default Rates Need To Be Computed More Appropriately (HEHS-99-135). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seesengood, B. N. (2014). Analysis of the Repairability of Resin Modified Glass Ionomer Cement [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, S. (2015, March 12). High Spirits on the Intracoastal. New York Times, TR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Dasgupta & Ehrlich, 2013; Robinson, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dasgupta & Ehrlich, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Johnson et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Uchida et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBorsa Istanbul Review
ISSN (print)2214-8450

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