How to format your references using the Pharmaceutical Bioprocessing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmaceutical Bioprocessing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heald R. Cell biology. Serving up a plate of chromosomes. Science. 311(5759), 343–344 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
Gulden FO, Šestan N. Neurobiology: building a bigger brain. Nature. 515(7526), 206–207 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
Chevrier V, Poulet F, Bibring J-P. Early geochemical environment of Mars as determined from thermodynamics of phyllosilicates. Nature. 448(7149), 60–63 (2007).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gittenberger E, Groenenberg DSJ, Kokshoorn B, Preece RC. Biogeography: molecular trails from hitch-hiking snails. Nature. 439(7075), 409 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McDonnell G, Sheard D. A Practical Guide to Decontamination in Healthcare. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Hickman H, Porfilio BJ, editors. The New Politics of the Textbook: Critical Analysis in the Core Content Areas. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Gui C, Shang C. Autonomous Science Target Touchability Evaluation: A Fuzzy Logic-Based Approach. In: Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 8th International Conference, ICIRA 2015, Portsmouth, UK, August 24-27, 2015, Proceedings, Part III. Liu H, Kubota N, Zhu X, Dillmann R, Zhou D (Eds.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 49–61 (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmaceutical Bioprocessing.

Blog post
Andrew E. Tiny Beating Hearts Grown In The Lab. IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Lunch: Implementing Nutrition Changes Was Challenging and Clarification of Oversight Requirements Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guedez A. Developing Correlations for Velocity Models in Vertical Transverse Isotropic Media: Bakken Case Study. (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Peters JW. Diverse Group of Rookie Moderators Is Chosen for the Presidential Debates. New York Times, A13 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmaceutical Bioprocessing
AbbreviationPharm. Bioprocess.
ISSN (print)2048-9145
ISSN (online)2048-9153
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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