How to format your references using the Pharmaceutical Bioprocessing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pharmaceutical Bioprocessing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trivedi B. Learning from the elite. Nature. 466(7304), S4 (2010).
A journal article with 2 authors
Douglas T, Young M. Viruses: making friends with old foes. Science. 312(5775), 873–875 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
Immerzeel WW, van Beek LPH, Bierkens MFP. Climate change will affect the Asian water towers. Science. 328(5984), 1382–1385 (2010).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chang C, Guo Z, Shen N, et al. Dynamics of inflammation resolution and symptom recovery during AECOPD treatment. Sci. Rep. 4, 5516 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schneider BD. Energy Leadership. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rieves RA. Investor Relations for the Emerging Company. Second Edition. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Michl S. The Epistemics of “Personalized Medicine”. Rebranding Pharmacogenetics. In: Individualized Medicine: Ethical, Economical and Historical Perspectives. Fischer T, Langanke M, Marschall P, Michl S (Eds.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 61–78 (2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pharmaceutical Bioprocessing.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Newly Discovered Stars Reveal The Fascinating Evolution Of The Milky Way. IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Communications Commission: Federal Advisory Committees Follow Requirements, but FCC Should Improve Its Process for Appointing Committee Members. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glasgow HL. Design and Selection of Probes for In Vivo Molecular Targeting and Imaging. (2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain JR. The Light-Sensing Technology Carmakers Are Clamoring For. New York Times, B5 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePharmaceutical Bioprocessing
AbbreviationPharm. Bioprocess.
ISSN (print)2048-9145
ISSN (online)2048-9153
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles