How to format your references using the Argumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Argumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nurse, Paul. 2003. Systems biology: understanding cells. Nature 424: 883.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fesik, S. W., and Y. Shi. 2001. Structural biology. Controlling the caspases. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 1477–1478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore, G. W. K., Gerald Holdsworth, and Keith Alverson. 2002. Climate change in the North Pacific region over the past three centuries. Nature 420: 401–403.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Asara, John M., Mary H. Schweitzer, Lisa M. Freimark, Matthew Phillips, and Lewis C. Cantley. 2007. Protein sequences from mastodon and Tyrannosaurus rex revealed by mass spectrometry. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316: 280–285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belfiore, Laurence A. 2010. Physical Properties of Macromolecules. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kubátová, Hana, Christian Hochberger, Martin Daněk, and Bernhard Sick, ed. 2013. Architecture of Computing Systems – ARCS 2013: 26th International Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, February 19-22, 2013. Proceedings. Vol. 7767. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Avanzini, Martin, and Georg Moser. 2009. Dependency Pairs and Polynomial Path Orders. In Rewriting Techniques and Applications: 20th International Conference, RTA 2009 Brasília, Brazil, June 29 - July 1, 2009 Proceedings, ed. Ralf Treinen, 48–62. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Argumentation.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2016. Hyperloop One Performs First Test Of Groundbreaking Technology. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 15.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. The Impact of Federal Commodity Donations on the School Lunch Program. CED-77-32. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez, Mayra. 2015. Support groups for caregivers of older adults with end stage renal disease: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Suleiman, Susan Rubin. 2016. Selected for Death. New York Times, October 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nurse 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Fesik and Shi 2001; Nurse 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fesik and Shi 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Asara et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleArgumentation
ISSN (print)0920-427X
ISSN (online)1572-8374
Linguistics and Language

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