How to format your references using the Argumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Argumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Purnell, Beverly. 2008. New release: the complete guide to organ repair. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322: 1489.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Brien, Timothy G., and Margaret F. Kinnaird. 2003. Conservation. Caffeine and conservation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300: 587.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohl, F. W., H. Scheich, and W. J. Freeman. 2001. Change in pattern of ongoing cortical activity with auditory category learning. Nature 412: 733–736.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lassagne, Benjamin, Yury Tarakanov, Jari Kinaret, Daniel Garcia-Sanchez, David Garcia-Sanchez, and Adrian Bachtold. 2009. Coupling mechanics to charge transport in carbon nanotube mechanical resonators. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 1107–1110.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zanotto, Edgar D. 2013. Crystals in Glass. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Aldewereld, Huib, Virginia Dignum, and Gauthier Picard, ed. 2009. Engineering Societies in the Agents World X: 10th International Workshop, ESAW 2009, Utrecht, The Netherlands, November 18-20, 2009. Proceedings. Vol. 5881. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Soler, Luc, and Jacques Marescaux. 2016. Virtual Surgical Simulation: The First Steps in a New Training. In Simulation Training: Fundamentals and Applications: Improving Professional Practice Through Simulation Training, ed. Philippe Fauquet-Alekhine and Nane Pehuet, 95–117. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Argumentation.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. Ranked: The 42 Laziest Dog Breeds In America. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 29.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Student Aid Information and Private Tuition-Guarantee Programs. T-PEMD-91-6. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Honnold, Jeffrey Lehman. 2012. Toward a Working Theory of Neurorhetorics. Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feldstein, Martin S., Ted Halstead, and N. Gregory Mankiw. 2017. A Conservative Case for Climate Action. New York Times, February 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Purnell 2008).
This sentence cites two references (O’Brien and Kinnaird 2003; Purnell 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Brien and Kinnaird 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lassagne et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleArgumentation
ISSN (print)0920-427X
ISSN (online)1572-8374
Linguistics and Language

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