How to format your references using the Argumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Argumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cho, Adrian. 2008. American Physical Society meeting. Magnetic measurements hint at toastier superconductivity. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320: 42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bandyopadhyay, Promode R., and Aren M. Hellum. 2014. Modeling how shark and dolphin skin patterns control transitional wall-turbulence vorticity patterns using spatiotemporal phase reset mechanisms. Scientific reports 4: 6650.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, Lian-Ao, Dvira Segal, and Paul Brumer. 2013. No-go theorem for ground state cooling given initial system-thermal bath factorization. Scientific reports 3: 1824.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lu, Peilong, Duyoung Min, Frank DiMaio, Kathy Y. Wei, Michael D. Vahey, Scott E. Boyken, Zibo Chen, et al. 2018. Accurate computational design of multipass transmembrane proteins. Science (New York, N.Y.) 359: 1042–1046.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pick, James B. 2012. Geo-Business GIS in the Digital Organization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dalamagkidis, Konstantinos. 2012. On Integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems into the National Airspace System: Issues, Challenges, Operational Restrictions, Certification, and Recommendations. Edited by Kimon P. Valavanis and Les A. Piegl. Second updated edition. Vol. 54. Intelligent Systems, Control and Automation: Science and Engineering. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Buragga, Khalid, Amandeep Dhir, and Abeer A. Boreqqah. 2013. Facebook an Open Education Platform: Exploring Its Educational Uses. In HCI International 2013 - Posters’ Extended Abstracts: International Conference, HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II, ed. Constantine Stephanidis, 18–22. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Argumentation.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2017. Immunotherapy: Training The Body To Fight Cancer. IFLScience. IFLScience. February 3.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Consolidated Education Planning: State Education Agencies’ Implementation of Consolidated Planning at the Local Level. HEHS-99-33R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khojandi, Niloufar. 2017. Investigating Secondary Infections and their Impact on Host Fitness in the Dictyostelium-Burkholderia Symbiosis System. Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Sean. 2004. Annie, Get Your Calculator. New York Times, October 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cho 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cho 2008; Bandyopadhyay and Hellum 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bandyopadhyay and Hellum 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleArgumentation
ISSN (print)0920-427X
ISSN (online)1572-8374
Linguistics and Language

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