How to format your references using the Argumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Argumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zeilinger, A. 2000. The quantum centennial. Nature 408: 639–641.
A journal article with 2 authors
Long, Tammy, and Sara Wyse. 2012. IBI series winner. A season for inquiry: investigating phenology in local campus trees. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335: 932–933.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong, Jinhui, Guangyong Yang, and Hassane S. McHaourab. 2005. Structural basis of energy transduction in the transport cycle of MsbA. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308: 1023–1028.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Luo, Sarah Xinwei, Ju Huang, Qin Li, Hasan Mohammad, Chun-Yao Lee, Kumar Krishna, Alison Maun-Yeng Kok, et al. 2018. Regulation of feeding by somatostatin neurons in the tuberal nucleus. Science (New York, N.Y.) 361: 76–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Larsen, Erik, and Ronald M. Aarts. 2005. Audio Bandwidth Extension. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Lajtha, Abel, and Dianna A. Johnson, ed. 2007. Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Sensory Neurochemistry. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Lind, Gavin. 2016. Fostering Minerals Workforce Skills of Tomorrow through Education and Training Partnerships. In Celebrating the Megascale: Proceedings of the Extraction and Processing Division Symposium on Pyrometallurgy in Honor of David G.C. Robertson, ed. Phillip J. Mackey, Eric J. Grimsey, Rodney T. Jones, and Geoffrey A. Brooks, 77–84. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Argumentation.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. Study Finds People Can Be Identified By The Bacteria They Breathe Out. IFLScience. IFLScience. September 22.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Pipeline Safety: Progress Made, but Significant Requirements and Recommendations Not Yet Complete. GAO-01-1075. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsieh, David A. 2019. Informed Technology Adoption Decisions Based on Innovation-Related Factors. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, Sophia. 1998. A Theater Boom Is Born In Russian Film Industry. New York Times, September 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zeilinger 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Zeilinger 2000; Long and Wyse 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Long and Wyse 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Luo et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleArgumentation
ISSN (print)0920-427X
ISSN (online)1572-8374
Linguistics and Language

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