How to format your references using the Argumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Argumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kröger, Nils. 2009. Biochemistry. The molecular basis of nacre formation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 1351–1352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zeh, Jeanne A., and David W. Zeh. 2006. Outbred embryos rescue inbred half-siblings in mixed-paternity broods of live-bearing females. Nature 439: 201–203.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, Brian M., Kenneth J. Finn, and Joachim J. Li. 2010. Loss of DNA replication control is a potent inducer of gene amplification. Science (New York, N.Y.) 329: 943–946.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Warén, Anders, Stefan Bengtson, Shana K. Goffredi, and Cindy L. Van Dover. 2003. A hot-vent gastropod with iron sulfide dermal sclerites. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302: 1007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guinot, Vincent. 2010. Wave Propagation in Fluids. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hromkovič, Juraj, Richard Královič, and Jan Vahrenhold, ed. 2010. Teaching Fundamentals Concepts of Informatics: 4th International Conference on Informatics in Secondary Schools - Evolution and Perspectives, ISSEP 2010, Zurich, Switzerland, January 13-15, 2010. Proceedings. Vol. 5941. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gill, Saran Kaur. 2012. The Complexities of Re-reversal of Language-in-Education Policy in Malaysia. In English as an International Language in Asia: Implications for Language Education, ed. Andy Kirkpatrick and Roland Sussex, 45–61. Multilingual Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Argumentation.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2017. Physicists Show A Bizarre Connection Between Black Holes And Superfluid Helium. IFLScience. IFLScience. March 23.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness Improving But Much Work Remains to Ensure Delivery of Critical Services. T-AIMD-99-149. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thiagarajan, Thenappan T. 2017. A Simple and Effective Peak-To-Average Power Ratio Reduction Approach Based on Iterative Companding Transform and Filtering Framework of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Signal. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, John. 2017. Decades After a Stroke, Seeking Independence and Normalcy. New York Times, October 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kröger 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Zeh and Zeh 2006; Kröger 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zeh and Zeh 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Warén et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleArgumentation
ISSN (print)0920-427X
ISSN (online)1572-8374
Linguistics and Language

Other styles