How to format your references using the Argumentation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Argumentation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hamann, Thomas. 2014. Chemistry. Perovskites take lead in solar hydrogen race. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345: 1566–1567.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trumbore, Susan E., and Claudia I. Czimczik. 2008. Geology. An uncertain future for soil carbon. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 1455–1456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schumacher, M. A., B. K. Hurlburt, and R. G. Brennan. 2001. Crystal structures of SarA, a pleiotropic regulator of virulence genes in S. aureus. Nature 409: 215–219.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sharma, Sumit, Sanat K. Kumar, Sergey V. Buldyrev, Pablo G. Debenedetti, Peter J. Rossky, and H. Eugene Stanley. 2013. A coarse-grained protein model in a water-like solvent. Scientific reports 3: 1841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padmanabhan, T. R., and B. Bala Tripura Sundari. 2005. Design Through Verilog HDL. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Backhouse, Roland, Jeremy Gibbons, Ralf Hinze, and Johan Jeuring, ed. 2007. Datatype-Generic Programming: International Spring School, SSDGP 2006, Nottingham, UK, April 24–27, 2006, Revised Lectures. Vol. 4719. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Eom, Jae-Hong, Sun Kim, Seong-Hwan Kim, and Byoung-Tak Zhang. 2006. A Tree Kernel-Based Method for Protein-Protein Interaction Mining from Biomedical Literature. In Knowledge Discovery in Life Science Literature: PAKDD 2006 International Workshop, KDLL 2006, Singapore, April 9, 2006. Proceedings, ed. Eric G. Bremer, Jörg Hakenberg, Eui-Hong (sam) Han, Daniel Berrar, and Werner Dubitzky, 42–52. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Argumentation.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Cannabis, Cannabinoids and Cancer – The Evidence So Far. IFLScience. IFLScience. April 29.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Information Technology: Improvements for Acquisition of Customs Trade Processing System Continue, but Further Efforts Needed to Avoid More Cost and Schedule Shortfalls. GAO-08-46. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eastwood, Jennifer L. 2010. The effects of an interdisciplinary undergraduate human biology program on socioscientific reasoning, content learning, and understanding of inquiry. Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2004. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Put On A Happy Face. New York Times, May 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hamann 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Trumbore and Czimczik 2008; Hamann 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trumbore and Czimczik 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharma et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleArgumentation
ISSN (print)0920-427X
ISSN (online)1572-8374
Linguistics and Language

Other styles