How to format your references using the Biochemical Systematics and Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hutson, J.M., 2010. Chemistry. Ultracold chemistry. Science 327, 788–789.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cantó, C., Auwerx, J., 2012. Cell biology. FGF21 takes a fat bite. Science 336, 675–676.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heywood, K.J., Naveira Garabato, A.C., Stevens, D.P., 2002. High mixing rates in the abyssal Southern Ocean. Nature 415, 1011–1014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Raj, L., Ide, T., Gurkar, A.U., Foley, M., Schenone, M., Li, X., Tolliday, N.J., Golub, T.R., Carr, S.A., Shamji, A.F., Stern, A.M., Mandinova, A., Schreiber, S.L., Lee, S.W., 2011. Selective killing of cancer cells by a small molecule targeting the stress response to ROS. Nature 475, 231–234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morsali, A., Hashemi, L., 2017. Main Group Metal Coordination Polymers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kryszkiewicz, M., Rybinski, H., Skowron, A., Raś, Z.W. (Eds.), 2011. Foundations of Intelligent Systems: 19th International Symposium, ISMIS 2011, Warsaw, Poland, June 28-30, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Madon, S., Reinhard, N., Roode, D., Walsham, G., 2006. Digital Inclusion Projects in Developing Countries: Value, Sustainability, and Scalability, in: Trauth, E.M., Howcroft, D., Butler, T., Fitzgerald, B., DeGross, J.I. (Eds.), Social Inclusion: Societal and Organizational Implications for Information Systems: IFIP TC8 WG8.2 International Working Conference, July 12–15, 2006, Limerick, Ireland, IFIP International Federation for Information Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 67–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemical Systematics and Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. New Species Of Tardigrade Discovered In Antarctica [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. International Aviation: Measures by European Community Could Limit U.S. Airlines’ Ability to Compete Abroad (No. RCED-93-64). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Proser, M., 2015. Ingredients for Optimal Care: Exploring Factors Associated with Patient Quality Outcomes among Federally-Qualified Health Centers (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007. Motorists, Take Note: The Bike Path Is Complete. New York Times LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hutson, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cantó and Auwerx, 2012; Hutson, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cantó and Auwerx, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Raj et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemical Systematics and Ecology
AbbreviationBiochem. Syst. Ecol.
ISSN (print)0305-1978
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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