How to format your references using the Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P, A chemical imbalance. Nature, 2002, 418(6894):3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wright KP Jr, Czeisler CA, Absence of circadian phase resetting in response to bright light behind the knees. Science (New York, N.Y.), 2002, 297(5581):571.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dhara S, Mele EJ, Agarwal R, APPLIED OPTICS. Voltage-tunable circular photogalvanic effect in silicon nanowires. Science (New York, N.Y.), 2015, 349(6249):726–729.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Croucher NJ et al., Rapid pneumococcal evolution in response to clinical interventions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 2011, 331(6016):430–434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wolf RA, Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Surface Modification. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Goswami M, Pandi-Perumal SR, Thorpy MJ, editors, Narcolepsy: A Clinical Guide. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Belopolskaya Y, Probabilistic Counterparts for Strongly Coupled Parabolic Systems. In: Melas VB et al., editors. Topics in Statistical Simulation: Research Papers from the 7th International Workshop on Statistical Simulation. New York, NY: Springer; 2014: 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health.

Blog post
1. Andrews R, Turtles Evolved Shells To Help Them Dig, Not For Protection. IFLScience. July 18, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Effects of the Trust Fund Taxes’ Lapsing on FAA’s Budget. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Peters AS, Bread and Washoku: Unveiling Japanese Identity Through the Necessity of Bread Baking. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Novick SM, Satisfying the Sweet (and Savory) Tooth. New York Times2016;LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 5–8.

About the journal

Full journal titlePerspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
AbbreviationPerspect. Sex. Reprod. Health
ISSN (print)1538-6341
ISSN (online)1931-2393
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles