How to format your references using the Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Cohen P, How to make diplomats scientifically literate. Nature, 2000, 405(6783):116.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kwon H-B, Sabatini BL, Glutamate induces de novo growth of functional spines in developing cortex. Nature, 2011, 474(7349):100–104.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sereno MI, Pitzalis S, Martinez A, Mapping of contralateral space in retinotopic coordinates by a parietal cortical area in humans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 2001, 294(5545):1350–1354.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Hertlein C et al., Direct measurement of critical Casimir forces. Nature, 2008, 451(7175):172–175.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. van Etten WC, Introduction to Random Signals and Noise. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Nedović V et al., editors, Emerging and Traditional Technologies for Safe, Healthy and Quality Food. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Stieger B, The Role of the Sodium-Taurocholate Cotransporting Polypeptide (NTCP) and of the Bile Salt Export Pump (BSEP) in Physiology and Pathophysiology of Bile Formation. In: Fromm MF, Kim RB, editors. Drug Transporters. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011: 205–259.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J, The Ocean Inside Enceladus May Be Tantalizingly Within Our Reach. IFLScience. June 22, 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/the-ocean-inside-enceladus-may-be-tantalizingly-within-our-reach/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: Installation of Smoke Detection and Fire Suppression Systems in U.S. Transport Aircraft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pena AM, Perceptions of Spanish/English bilingual school psychologists regarding competency in assessment and future training needs. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Stewart JB, Major Hurdle Awaits A Corporate Tax Cut. New York Times2017;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,5,7,8.

About the journal

Full journal titlePerspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
AbbreviationPerspect. Sex. Reprod. Health
ISSN (print)1538-6341
ISSN (online)1931-2393
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Sociology and Political Science

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