How to format your references using the Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Owens B, Addiction. Nature, 2015, 522(7557):S45.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Harms MJ, Thornton JW, Historical contingency and its biophysical basis in glucocorticoid receptor evolution. Nature, 2014, 512(7513):203–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ma J-B, Ye K, Patel DJ, Structural basis for overhang-specific small interfering RNA recognition by the PAZ domain. Nature, 2004, 429(6989):318–322.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Stein WE et al., Giant cladoxylopsid trees resolve the enigma of the Earth’s earliest forest stumps at Gilboa. Nature, 2007, 446(7138):904–907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chase CW Jr, Demand-Driven Forecasting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Gruen DM, Shenderova OA, Vul’ AY, editors, Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Ultrananocrystalline Diamond St. Petersburg, Russia 7–10 June 2004. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Krause O, Lehnhoff S, Load Flow with Uncertain Loading and Generation in Future Smart Grids. In: Gopalakrishnan K, Khaitan SK, Kalogirou S, editors. Soft Computing in Green and Renewable Energy Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011: 117–156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health.

Blog post
1. Luntz S, El Niño Is Bringing Flowers To The Atacama Desert. IFLScience. October 28, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, NASA: Choices and Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dougherty MH, Identification of needs reported by grandparents of grandchildren, from birth to twenty-one years, with disabilities in the commonwealth of Kentucky. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly RE, An agenda for South Korea’s new leader. New York Times2017;0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 3,4.
This sentence cites four references 3,5,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titlePerspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
AbbreviationPerspect. Sex. Reprod. Health
ISSN (print)1538-6341
ISSN (online)1931-2393
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles