How to format your references using the Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Garwin L, Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 4. Nature, 2005, 433(7026):579.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Charbonnel C, Talon S, Astronomy. Mixing a stellar cocktail. Science (New York, N.Y.), 2007, 318(5852):922–923.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mitchell KJ, Cooper A, Phillips MJ, Comment on “Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 2015, 349(6255):1460.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Beauchamp GK et al., Phytochemistry: ibuprofen-like activity in extra-virgin olive oil. Nature, 2005, 437(7055):45–46.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Daïan J-F, Equilibrium and Transfer in Porous Media 2. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1. Hairer E, Wanner G, editors, Analysis by Its History. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Caillat C, Perrakis A, Cdt1 and Geminin in DNA Replication Initiation. In: MacNeill S, editor. The Eukaryotic Replisome: a Guide to Protein Structure and Function. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012: 71–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health.

Blog post
1. Hale T, Scientists In The Antarctic Are Drinking Way Too Much Booze. IFLScience. October 7, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Maritime Infrastructure: Key Issues Related to Commercial Activity in the U.S. Arctic over the Next Decade. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cao L, Mathematical Modeling of Long-Term Productivity of Hydraulic- and HEG- Fractured Wells in Ultra-Low Permeability Reservoirs. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Ember S, Grynbaum MM, Where the Future Isn’t So Glossy. New York Times2017;BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 3,4.
This sentence cites four references 4,5,7,8.

About the journal

Full journal titlePerspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
AbbreviationPerspect. Sex. Reprod. Health
ISSN (print)1538-6341
ISSN (online)1931-2393
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles