How to format your references using the Journal of Sulfur Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sulfur Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wong G. Recruiters and industry. Get a foot in the door. Nature. 2004;431:1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baconguis I, Gouaux E. Structural plasticity and dynamic selectivity of acid-sensing ion channel-spider toxin complexes. Nature. 2012;489:400–405.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rakitzis TP, van den Brom AJ, Janssen MHM. Directional dynamics in the photodissociation of oriented molecules. Science. 2004;303:1852–1854.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hobmayer B, Rentzsch F, Kuhn K, et al. WNT signalling molecules act in axis formation in the diploblastic metazoan Hydra. Nature. 2000;407:186–189.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Naylor W, Laverty D, Mallett J. The Royal Marsden Hospital Handbook of Wound Management in Cancer Care. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
Marques de Sá JP, editor. Applied Statistics Using SPSS, STATISTICA, MATLAB and R. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Du H, Dimitrova V, Magee D, et al. An Ontology of Soil Properties and Processes. In: Groth P, Simperl E, Gray A, et al., editors. The Semantic Web – ISWC 2016: 15th International Semantic Web Conference, Kobe, Japan, October 17–21, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 30–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sulfur Chemistry.

Blog post
Hale T. You Can Now Take A Driverless Uber In The US. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Impacts of Closing Meigs Field Airport. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996. Report No.: RCED-96-256R. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daum MA. Busy Fingers, Wordless Thoughts: Entering the Knot of Compulsive Hair Twisting [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Swarns RL, Robertson C. Black Church Is Target Again for Deadly Strike at the Heart. New York Times. 2015 Jun 20;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sulfur Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Sulphur Chem.
ISSN (print)1741-5993
ISSN (online)1741-6000
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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