How to format your references using the Journal of Sulfur Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sulfur Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smil V. Laying down the law. Nature. 2000;403:597.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz MA, Chen CS. Cell biology. Deconstructing dimensionality. Science. 2013;339:402–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo J, Zhu J, Ye H. Comment on “Tubular graphite cones.” Science. 2004;303:766; author reply 766.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee TMC, Leung M-K, Lee TMY, et al. I want to lie about not knowing you, but my precuneus refuses to cooperate. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smirnov BM. Fundamentals of Ionized Gases. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
Bouyssounouse B. Embedded Systems Design: The ARTIST Roadmap for Research and Development. Sifakis J, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Basso D, Pesarin F, Salmaso L, et al. Multivariate Continuous Data. In: Salmaso L, Pesarin F, Basso D, editors. Permutation Tests for Stochastic Ordering and ANOVA: Theory and Applications with R. New York, NY: Springer; 2009. p. 85–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sulfur Chemistry.

Blog post
Hale T. Lying About Santa Claus Could Undermine Kids’ Trust In Their Parents, Say Psychologists [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Fight Against Infant Mortality. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988. Report No.: 137162. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Colna KE. Latitudinal Position and Trends of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and its Relationship with Upwelling in the Southern Caribbean Sea and Global Climate Indices [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. Met Opera Loses Lead In a High-Stakes ‘Tosca.’ New York Times. 2017 Jun 16;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sulfur Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Sulphur Chem.
ISSN (print)1741-5993
ISSN (online)1741-6000
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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