How to format your references using the Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morlon, H., 2012. Microbiology. Microbial cooperative warfare. Science 337, 1184–1185.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strauss, J.F., 3rd, Kafrissen, M., 2004. Waiting for the second coming. Nature 432, 43–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pellizzoni, L., Yong, J., Dreyfuss, G., 2002. Essential role for the SMN complex in the specificity of snRNP assembly. Science 298, 1775–1779.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Watanabe, K., Toh, Y., Suto, K., Shimizu, Y., Oka, N., Wada, T., Tomita, K., 2007. Protein-based peptide-bond formation by aminoacyl-tRNA protein transferase. Nature 449, 867–871.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Campbell, C.A., 2008. The One-Page Project Manager for it Projects. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kida, S. (Ed.), 2006. IUTAM Symposium on Elementary Vortices and Coherent Structures: Significance in Turbulence Dynamics: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held at Kyoto International Community House, Kyoto, Japan, 26-28 October 2004, Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Özkaya, N., Nordin, M., Goldsheyder, D., Leger, D., 2012. Applications of Statics to Biomechanics, in: Nordin, M., Goldsheyder, D., Leger, D. (Eds.), Fundamentals of Biomechanics: Equilibrium, Motion, and Deformation. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 61–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. Man With Crohn’s Disease Shares Photo Of All The Medical Equipment He Uses Every Day To Prove That Looks Are Deceiving [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Better Management Needed in Social Security Administration’s Toll-Free Telephone Service to the Public (No. MASAD-82-3). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Irving, A.V., 2017. Occupational Stress and Law Enforcement Officer Significant Relationships (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Justices Agree to Revisit Child Pornography Laws. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morlon, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Morlon, 2012; Strauss and Kafrissen, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Strauss and Kafrissen, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Watanabe et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePerspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics
AbbreviationPerspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1433-8319
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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