How to format your references using the Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marris, E., 2006. Mothers of invention? Nature 442, 973.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sonnenburg, E.D., Sonnenburg, J.L., 2015. Nutrition: A personal forecast. Nature 528, 484–486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kolodner, R.D., Putnam, C.D., Myung, K., 2002. Maintenance of genome stability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Science 297, 552–557.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alard, O., Griffin, W.L., Lorand, J.P., Jackson, S.E., O’Reilly, S.Y., 2000. Non-chondritic distribution of the highly siderophile elements in mantle sulphides. Nature 407, 891–894.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shi, Y., Liu, M., Fang, F., 2017. Combined Cooling, Heating, and Power Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Aoki, T., Kanemitsu, S., Nakahara, M., Ohno, Y. (Eds.), 2005. Zeta Functions, Topology and Quantum Physics, Developments in Mathematics. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Shu, J.H., 2010. Esophageal Cancer, in: Alaoui-Jamali, M. (Ed.), Alternative and Complementary Therapies for Cancer: Integrative Approaches and Discovery of Conventional Drugs. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 85–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Comet 67P Was Made By Two Bodies Merging Together, New Evidence Suggests [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Reporting of Student Loan Enrollment Status (No. HEHS-97-44R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall, R., 2009. Department of Children and Family Services workers’ knowledge of childhood obesity and services for obese children (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2013. Pork Belly, Yes; Popovers, No. New York Times LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marris, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Marris, 2006; Sonnenburg and Sonnenburg, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sonnenburg and Sonnenburg, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Alard et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePerspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics
AbbreviationPerspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1433-8319
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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