How to format your references using the Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moffatt, H.K., 2000. Euler’s disk and its finite-time singularity. Nature 404, 833–834.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mears, C.A., Wentz, F.J., 2005. The effect of diurnal correction on satellite-derived lower tropospheric temperature. Science 309, 1548–1551.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bala, A.D.S., Spitzer, M.W., Takahashi, T.T., 2003. Prediction of auditory spatial acuity from neural images on the owl’s auditory space map. Nature 424, 771–774.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takagi, J., Itabashi, T., Suzuki, K., Ishiwata, S., 2013. Chromosome position at the spindle equator is regulated by chromokinesin and a bipolar microtubule array. Sci. Rep. 3, 2808.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simiu, E., 2011. Design of Buildings for Wind. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schalley, C.A., Vögtle, F., Dötz, K.H. (Eds.), 2005. Templates in Chemistry II: -/-, Topics in Current Chemistry. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Er, M.J., Duda, P., 2012. On the Uniform Convergence of the Orthogonal Series-Type Kernel Regression Neural Networks in a Time-Varying Environment, in: Rutkowski, L., Korytkowski, M., Scherer, R., Tadeusiewicz, R., Zadeh, L.A., Zurada, J.M. (Eds.), Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing: 11th International Conference, ICAISC 2012, Zakopane, Poland, April 29-May 3, 2012, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics.

Blog post
Carpineti, C., 2017. This Horrifying Animation Shows You How A Woman’s Organs Move During Pregnancy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Electronic Signature Prototype System (No. AIMD-94-70R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laskey, E., 2013. Plasma glucagon during development of insulin resistance among healthy individuals (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnard, A., 2016. Wary of Russian Guarantees, Residents Are Staying Put in Aleppo. New York Times A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moffatt, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Mears and Wentz, 2005; Moffatt, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mears and Wentz, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Takagi et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titlePerspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics
AbbreviationPerspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst.
ISSN (print)1433-8319
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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