How to format your references using the Disease-a-Month citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Disease-a-Month. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Morgan B. Research impact: income for outcome. Nature. 2014;511(7510):S72-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lynch M, Conery JS. The origins of genome complexity. Science. 2003;302(5649):1401-1404.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Fenn KM, Nusbaum HC, Margoliash D. Consolidation during sleep of perceptual learning of spoken language. Nature. 2003;425(6958):614-616.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hauert C, Traulsen A, Brandt H, Nowak MA, Sigmund K. Via freedom to coercion: the emergence of costly punishment. Science. 2007;316(5833):1905-1907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Held T. In-Situ-Verfahren Zur Boden- Und Grundwassersanierung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Gronau H-D, Langmann H-H, Schleicher D, eds. 50th IMO - 50 Years of International Mathematical Olympiads. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Terasaki H, Komizo Y-I. Direct Analysis of Solidification-Mode During Welding for the Assessment of Hot-Cracking. In: Kannengiesser T, Babu SS, Komizo Y-I, Ramirez AJ, eds. In-Situ Studies with Photons, Neutrons and Electrons Scattering. Springer; 2010:77-83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Disease-a-Month.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Astronomy Student Discovers “Warm Neptune” Exoplanet Within Habitable Zone. IFLScience. Published June 2, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomy-student-discovers-warm-neptune-exoplanet-within-habitable-zone/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Efforts to Modernize Oceanic System Delayed. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Clendening RJ. A structured methodology for unifying functional analysis with systems analysis to enhance system behavior knowledge. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Clarke J. Resilient Golf Turf Faces Test at Olympics. New York Times. July 23, 2016:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDisease-a-Month
AbbreviationDis. Mon.
ISSN (print)0011-5029
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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