How to format your references using the Disease-a-Month citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Disease-a-Month. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wadman M. Treatment: When less is more. Nature. 2015;528(7582):S126-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wyithe JSB, Loeb A. Suppression of dwarf galaxy formation by cosmic reionization. Nature. 2006;441(7091):322-324.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
DasGupta S, Ferreira CH, Miesenböck G. FoxP influences the speed and accuracy of a perceptual decision in Drosophila. Science. 2014;344(6186):901-904.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Waldo GL, Ricks TK, Hicks SN, et al. Kinetic scaffolding mediated by a phospholipase C-beta and Gq signaling complex. Science. 2010;330(6006):974-980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Speight JG. Rules of Thumb for Petroleum Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Eisner C. A Practical Introduction to PSL. (Fisman D, ed.). Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Takayasu A, Kunihiro N. How to Generalize RSA Cryptanalyses. In: Cheng C-M, Chung K-M, Persiano G, Yang B-Y, eds. Public-Key Cryptography – PKC 2016: 19th IACR International Conference on Practice and Theory in Public-Key Cryptography, Taipei, Taiwan, March 6-9, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016:67-97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Disease-a-Month.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. What Would It Take To End California’s Drought? IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/what-would-it-take-end-california-s-drought/. Published September 2, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Proposed FAR Changes]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dunbar S. Sideshow: An alluring dichotomy of illusion and humanity. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Markoff J. Hackers Have New Entries With the Internet of Things. New York Times. November 3, 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDisease-a-Month
AbbreviationDis. Mon.
ISSN (print)0011-5029
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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