How to format your references using the IEEE Internet Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Internet Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. M. Thompson, “Neuroscience. Matching at the synapse,” Science, vol. 308, no. 5723, pp. 800–801, May 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. A. Cane and P. Molnar, “Closing of the Indonesian seaway as a precursor to east African aridification around 3-4 million years ago,” Nature, vol. 411, no. 6834, pp. 157–162, May 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. F. Schaller, J. D. Wright, and D. V. Kent, “Atmospheric PCO₂ perturbations associated with the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province,” Science, vol. 331, no. 6023, pp. 1404–1409, Mar. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Swiezewski, F. Liu, A. Magusin, and C. Dean, “Cold-induced silencing by long antisense transcripts of an Arabidopsis Polycomb target,” Nature, vol. 462, no. 7274, pp. 799–802, Dec. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. P. Simonović, Systems Approach to Management of Disasters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
F. Fonseca, M. A. Rodríguez, and S. Levashkin, Eds., GeoSpatial Semantics: Second International Conference, GeoS 2007, Mexico City, Mexico, November 29-30, 2007. Proceedings, vol. 4853. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Hühnerfuss, F. Hoffmann, J. Simon-Kutscher, W. Alpers, and M. Gade, “New chemical insights into the structure and morphology of sea slicks and their geophysical interpretations,” in Marine Surface Films: Chemical Characteristics, Influence on Air-Sea Interactions and Remote Sensing, M. Gade, H. Hühnerfuss, and G. M. Korenowski, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006, pp. 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Internet Computing.

Blog post
J. Fang, “First Possible Exomoon Found,” IFLScience, Apr. 10, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “District of Columbia Public Schools: While Early Reform Efforts Tackle Critical Management Issues, a District-Wide Strategic Education Plan Would Help Guide Long-Term Efforts,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-08-549T, Mar. 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. J. Tate, “Utilizing Canines in a Public School Setting: A Case Study,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. K. (nyt), “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Union Says A Million Strike,” New York Times, p. A10, Oct. 21, 2004.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Internet Computing
AbbreviationIEEE Internet Comput.
ISSN (print)1089-7801
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications

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