How to format your references using the IEEE Internet Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Internet Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. W. Nicholson, “From bench to clinic with apoptosis-based therapeutic agents,” Nature, vol. 407, no. 6805, pp. 810–816, Oct. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. van der Marel and G. A. Sawatzky, “Physics. An optical twist for triplet superconductors,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6193, pp. 138–139, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. E. Ahlberg, J. A. Clack, and H. Blom, “The axial skeleton of the Devonian tetrapod Ichthyostega,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7055, pp. 137–140, Sep. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. S. Johnson, A. Mortazavi, R. M. Myers, and B. Wold, “Genome-wide mapping of in vivo protein-DNA interactions,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5830, pp. 1497–1502, Jun. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. Rodgers, Learning to Reason. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2000.
An edited book
S. T. Buckland, Distance Sampling: Methods and Applications, 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
S. S. Pendhari, T. Kant, and Y. Desai, “2D Stress Analysis of Functionally Graded Beam Under Static Loading Condition,” in Advances in Structural Engineering: Mechanics, Volume One, V. Matsagar, Ed. New Delhi: Springer India, 2015, pp. 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Internet Computing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Inskip Beach Collapse: Just Don’t Call It A ‘Sinkhole,’” IFLScience, 29-Sep-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Proprietary Schools: Millions Spent to Train Students for Oversupplied Occupations,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HEHS-97-104, Jun. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. P. McCahill, “Teacher perceptions of response to intervention for English learners,” Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Markoff, “Can Robot Cars Trust Us?,” New York Times, p. B1, 07-Jun-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Internet Computing
AbbreviationIEEE Internet Comput.
ISSN (print)1089-7801
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications

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