How to format your references using the Personalized Medicine in Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Personalized Medicine in Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Dalton R. Action urged to combat killer algae. Nature 2001;412:260.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kitagawa N, Ichihara S. Hearing visual motion in depth. Nature 2002;416:172–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Neil SJD, Zang T, Bieniasz PD. Tetherin inhibits retrovirus release and is antagonized by HIV-1 Vpu. Nature 2008;451:425–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Dinsmore AD, Hsu MF, Nikolaides MG, Marquez M, Bausch AR, Weitz DA. Colloidosomes: selectively permeable capsules composed of colloidal particles. Science 2002;298:1006–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Alvarez PJJ, Illman WA. Bioremediation and Natural Attenuation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Morrison JF, Birch DM, Lavoie P, editors. IUTAM Symposium on Flow Control and MEMS: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held at the Royal Geographical Society, 19–22 September 2006, hosted by Imperial College, London, England. vol. 7. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kumar A, Zhu X, Tu Y-C, Pandit S. Compression in Molecular Simulation Datasets. In: Sun C, Fang F, Zhou Z-H, Yang W, Liu Z-Y, editors. Intelligence Science and Big Data Engineering: 4th International Conference, IScIDE 2013, Beijing, China, July 31 – August 2, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 22–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Personalized Medicine in Psychiatry.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. The U.S. Military Once Tested Biological Warfare On The Whole Of San Francisco. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/us-military-simulated-biological-warfare-san-francisco/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Homeland Security: DHS Enterprise Architecture Continues to Evolve but Improvements Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Perfitt T. Megaphone: Fault tolerant, scalable, and trustworthy peer-to-peer microblogging. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Grippe J. A Goal-Oriented Mother’s 2 Forbidden Words: ‘I Can’t.’ New York Times 2017:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePersonalized Medicine in Psychiatry
AbbreviationPers. Med. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)2468-1717
Scope

Other styles