How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Putnis A. Materials science. Why mineral interfaces matter. Science 2014; 343(6178): 1441–1442.
A journal article with 2 authors
Russo T, Volterra V. Comment on “children creating core properties of language: evidence from an emerging sign language in Nicaragua.” Science 2005; 309(5731): 56; author reply 56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hristov TS, Miller SD, Friehe CA. Dynamical coupling of wind and ocean waves through wave-induced air flow. Nature 2003; 422(6927): 55–58.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yazaki-Sugiyama Y, Kang S, Câteau H, Fukai T, Hensch TK. Bidirectional plasticity in fast-spiking GABA circuits by visual experience. Nature 2009; 462(7270): 218–221.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bagdonavičius V, Kruopis J, Nikulin MS. Non-parametric Tests for Censored Data (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2011).
An edited book
Ismail N, Yong Cieh EL, eds. Beyond Data Protection: Strategic Case Studies and Practical Guidance (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Graziottin A, Murina F. Vulvodinia: che cosa dicono le donne?, in Vulvodinia: Strategie di diagnosi e cura, edited by F. Murina (Springer, Milano, 2011), pp. 29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics.

Blog post
Hale T. Scientists In The Antarctic Are Drinking Way Too Much Booze. IFLScience 2015;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Magnet Schools: Information on the Grant Award Process (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1987).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nakano AM. Community college swirlers and the transfer function (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski SF, Alter A. Another Drama in Hometown of Harper Lee. New York Times 2015; C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Clin. Med. Phys.
ISSN (print)1526-9914
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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