How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schwamb ME. Solar System: Stranded in no-man’s-land. Nature 2014; 507(7493): 435–436.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moskovitz C, Kellogg D. Science education. Inquiry-based writing in the laboratory course. Science 2011; 332(6032): 919–920.
A journal article with 3 authors
Greiner M, Regal CA, Jin DS. Emergence of a molecular Bose-Einstein condensate from a Fermi gas. Nature 2003; 426(6966): 537–540.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Krimigis SM, Sergis N, Mitchell DG, Hamilton DC, Krupp N. A dynamic, rotating ring current around Saturn. Nature 2007; 450(7172): 1050–1053.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Askoolum A. System Building with APL + Win (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2007).
An edited book
Parker LE, Schneider FE, Schultz AC, eds. Multi-Robot Systems. From Swarms to Intelligent Automata Volume III: Proceedings from the 2005 International Workshop on Multi-Robot Systems (Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2005).
A chapter in an edited book
Qiu X, Zhou J, Huang X. An Effective Feature Selection Method for Text Categorization, in Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 15th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2011, Shenzhen, China, May 24-27, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, edited by J.Z. Huang, L. Cao and J. Srivastava (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011), pp. 50–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics.

Blog post
Fang J. River Dolphin Sonar Is Well-Suited For Life In The Busy Amazon. IFLScience 2015;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Job Training Partnership Act Performance Standards and Information Systems (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tsang SD. The depth range of azimuthal anisotropy beneath Southern California via analyses of long-period Rayleigh-waves (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. The Justices Have Cellphones, Too. New York Times 2014; A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Clin. Med. Phys.
ISSN (print)1526-9914
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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