How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackinnon R. Structural biology. Voltage sensor meets lipid membrane. Science 2004; 306(5700): 1304–1305.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsuchiya T, Eulgem T. Mutations in EDM2 selectively affect silencing states of transposons and induce plant developmental plasticity. Sci. Rep. 2013; 3: 1701.
A journal article with 3 authors
Okada Y, Higuchi H, Hirokawa N. Processivity of the single-headed kinesin KIF1A through biased binding to tubulin. Nature 2003; 424(6948): 574–577.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang Z, Meng G, Wu Q, et al. Enhanced cold field emission of large-area arrays of vertically aligned ZnO-nanotapers via sharpening: experiment and theory. Sci. Rep. 2014; 4: 4676.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lütolf-Carroll C, Antti Pirnes, Withers LLP. From Innovation to Cash Flows (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009).
An edited book
Rodrigues P, Eckersall D, Almeida A de, eds. Farm animal proteomics: Proceedings of the 3rd Managing Committee Meeting and 2nd Meeting of Working Groups 1, 2 & 3 of COST Action FA1002 (Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, 2012).
A chapter in an edited book
Lipman J, Hashimoto M. Abstract Grothendieck Duality for Schemes, in Foundations of Grothendieck Duality for Diagrams of Schemes, edited by M. Hashimoto (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009), pp. 159–252.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics.

Blog post
Andrews R. Chimpanzees And Bonobos Had Two Major Flings In The Ancient Past. IFLScience 2016;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Federal Regulatory Efforts to Ensure Financial Institution Systems Are Year 2000 Compliant (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Do NH. An examination of support systems to enable Vietnamese immigrants to acquire English skills (Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. The Best-Seller List 55 Years Ago. New York Times 2015; C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Clin. Med. Phys.
ISSN (print)1526-9914
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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