How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D. Mass spectrometry goes mainstream. Nature 2003; 424(6948): 581.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boots M, Mealor M. Local interactions select for lower pathogen infectivity. Science 2007; 315(5816): 1284–1286.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hewitt SC, Deroo BJ, Korach KS. Signal transduction. A new mediator for an old hormone? Science 2005; 307(5715): 1572–1573.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Baugh J, Kleinhammes A, Han D, Wang Q, Wu Y. Confinement effect on dipole-dipole interactions in nanofluids. Science 2001; 294(5546): 1505–1507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karlson B, Bria A, Lind J, Lönnqvist P, Norlin C. Wireless Foresight (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005).
An edited book
Nagamalai D, Kumar A, Annamalai A, eds. Advances in Computational Science, Engineering and Information Technology: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Computational Science, Engineering and Information Technology (CCSEIT-2013), KTO Karatay University, June 7-9, 2013, Konya,Turkey - Volume 1 (Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Clark D, Hunt S. Non-Interference for Deterministic Interactive Programs, in Formal Aspects in Security and Trust: 5th International Workshop, FAST 2008 Malaga, Spain, October 9-10, 2008 Revised Selected Papers, edited by P. Degano, J. Guttman and F. Martinelli (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009), pp. 50–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics.

Blog post
Luntz S. Scientists Translate Monkey Sounds To English. IFLScience 2014;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Coordination Efforts are Underway, but Challenges Continue (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alnuaimi AN. The Outside-In Method for Sustainable Design Within the Built Environment Spatial Layers (Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. A Different Battleground, A Lobby’s Bulletin Board. New York Times 2002; 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1, 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Clin. Med. Phys.
ISSN (print)1526-9914
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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