How to format your references using the Peptides citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Peptides. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Layard, Economics. Measuring subjective well-being, Science. 327 (2010) 534–535.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.N. Pelton, J. Logsdon, Retrospective. Arthur C. Clarke (1917-2008), Science. 320 (2008) 189.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.M. Aitken, D.M. Jones, S.R. Larter, Anaerobic hydrocarbon biodegradation in deep subsurface oil reservoirs, Nature. 431 (2004) 291–294.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Isberg, J. Hammersberg, E. Johansson, T. Wikström, D.J. Twitchen, A.J. Whitehead, S.E. Coe, G.A. Scarsbrook, High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond, Science. 297 (2002) 1670–1672.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N.G. Markley, Principles of Differential Equations, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2004.
An edited book
A. Al Ariss, ed., Global Talent Management: Challenges, Strategies, and Opportunities, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Boer, Advanced Manufacturing Technologies and Strategically Flexible Production. A Review and Outlook, in: E. Bartezzaghi, R. Cagliano, F. Caniato, S. Ronchi (Eds.), A Journey through Manufacturing and Supply Chain Strategy Research: A Tribute to Professor Gianluca Spina, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 71–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Peptides.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Why You Shouldn’t Wrap Your Food In Aluminum Foil Before Cooking It, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Truck Safety: Share the Road Safely Pilot Initiative Showed Promise, but the Program’s Future Success Is Uncertain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Scott, Effects of cultural nutritional education among Hispanic women with diabetes, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, Rout Leaves Jets’ Hopes in Peril and Fitzpatrick’s Job in Jeopardy, New York Times. (2016) B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePeptides
ISSN (print)0196-9781
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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