How to format your references using the Peptides citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Peptides. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Dalton, Arson hampers conservation work, Nature. 411 (2001) 509.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Clusella-Trullas, S.L. Chown, Comment on “Erosion of lizard diversity by climate change and altered thermal niches,” Science. 332 (2011) 537; author reply 537.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.D. Rich, H.-P. Liaw, A.K. Lee, Place cells. Large environments reveal the statistical structure governing hippocampal representations, Science. 345 (2014) 814–817.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.J.B. Cockburn, N.G.A. Abrescia, J.M. Grimes, G.C. Sutton, J.M. Diprose, J.M. Benevides, G.J. Thomas Jr, J.K.H. Bamford, D.H. Bamford, D.I. Stuart, Membrane structure and interactions with protein and DNA in bacteriophage PRD1, Nature. 432 (2004) 122–125.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.Y.F. Lau, An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Creativity, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
C. Hutto, ed., Congenital and Perinatal Infections: A Concise Guide to Diagnosis, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
W. van Bunge, Dutch Cartesian Empiricism and the Advent of Newtonianism, in: M. Dobre, T. Nyden (Eds.), Cartesian Empiricisms, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013: pp. 89–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Peptides.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Mechanisms Contributing To The Rare Ability To Control HIV Infection Found, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airspace System: Emerging Technologies May Offer Alternatives to the Instrument Landing System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Regmi, Computer Vision and Image Processing Toolbox for MATLAB, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Kelly, This great man George Sand; Infamous Woman, New York Times. (1977) International Economic Survey272.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePeptides
ISSN (print)0196-9781
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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