How to format your references using the Peptides citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Peptides. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B.J. Nachtsheim, Chemistry. Creating antioxidants by oxidation catalysis, Science. 345 (2014) 270–271.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Okamoto, A.J. Millis, Electronic reconstruction at an interface between a Mott insulator and a band insulator, Nature. 428 (2004) 630–633.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Cui, M. Tang, Z.-X. Wu, Message spreading in networks with stickiness and persistence: large clustering does not always facilitate large-scale diffusion, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6303.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C.L. Yu, D.E. Chang, A.S. Zibrov, P.R. Hemmer, H. Park, M.D. Lukin, Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots, Nature. 450 (2007) 402–406.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Xiu, Nanometer Frequency Synthesis Beyond the Phase-Locked Loop, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
M. Luc, U. Somorowska, J.B. Szmańda, eds., Landscape Analysis and Planning: Geographical Perspectives, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
O. Maâtouk, W. Ayadi, H. Bouziri, B. Duval, Evolutionary Algorithm Based on New Crossover for the Biclustering of Gene Expression Data, in: M. Comin, L. Käll, E. Marchiori, A. Ngom, J. Rajapakse (Eds.), Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics: 9th IAPR International Conference, PRIB 2014, Stockholm, Sweden, August 21-23, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Peptides.

Blog post
E. Andrew, New Solar Cell Breaks World Record For Efficiency, IFLScience. (2013). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Earth Observing System: Funding Requirements for NASA’s EOSDIS, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Barnard, Police officers’ attitudes about rape victims, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, On Final Day, Tears and Jeers, New York Times. (2011) B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePeptides
ISSN (print)0196-9781
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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