How to format your references using the Peptides citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Peptides. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Kato, Self-assembly of phase-segregated liquid crystal structures, Science. 295 (2002) 2414–2418.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Löytynoja, N. Goldman, Evolution. Uniting alignments and trees, Science. 324 (2009) 1528–1529.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.P. Conrad, B. Steinberger, T.H. Torsvik, Conrad et al. reply, Nature. 503 (2013) E4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T.-B. Zhou, Y.-H. Qin, F.-Y. Lei, W.-F. Huang, G.P.C. Drummen, Prohibitin is associated with antioxidative protection in hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced renal tubular epithelial cell injury, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3123.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M.B. First, A. Tasman, Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
R.D. Prisco, M. Yung, eds., Security and Cryptography for Networks: 5th International Conference, SCN 2006, Maiori, Italy, September 6-8, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Hesse, R. Hoefgen, Metabolism of Methionine in Plants and Phototrophic Bacteria, in: R. Hell, C. Dahl, D. Knaff, T. Leustek (Eds.), Sulfur Metabolism in Phototrophic Organisms, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2008: pp. 93–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Peptides.

Blog post
J. Fang, Millions of Gallons of “Missing” BP Oil are Sitting at the Bottom of the Gulf, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The Proper Use of Consultants, Experts, and Contractors, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Grant, How Does a Principal Use Intention and Strategy in the Enactment of Advocacy Leadership?, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by, Arts, Briefly; Russian Film Studio Sale Is Delayed Yet Again, New York Times. (2005) E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePeptides
ISSN (print)0196-9781
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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