How to format your references using the Future Medicinal Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Medicinal Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henderson GM. Climate. Caving in to new chronologies. Science. 313(5787), 620–622 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaproth BM, Marone C. Slow earthquakes, preseismic velocity changes, and the origin of slow frictional stick-slip. Science. 341(6151), 1229–1232 (2013).
A journal article with 3 authors
Markos C, Kubat I, Bang O. Hybrid polymer photonic crystal fiber with integrated chalcogenide glass nanofilms. Sci. Rep. 4, 6057 (2014).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Boris AV, Kovaleva NN, Dolgov OV, et al. In-plane spectral weight shift of charge carriers in YBa2Cu3O6.9. Science. 304(5671), 708–710 (2004).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cannon DL. CISA®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
Papajorgji PJ. Software Engineering Techniques Applied to Agricultural Systems: An Object-Oriented and UML Approach. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Agostini P, Suter GW, Gottardo S, Giubilato E. Indicators and Endpoints for Risk-Based Decision Processes with Decision Support Systems. In: Decision Support Systems for Risk-Based Management of Contaminated Sites. Marcomini A, Suter GW II, Critto A (Eds.), Springer US, Boston, MA, 1–18 (2009).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Medicinal Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew E. Enjoy Nature At Its Finest With These Slow-Motion Animal Attacks [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Technology Transfer: Number and Characteristics of Inventions Licensed by Six Federal Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bernstine JT. Experiences of Students Transferring from Community and Technical Colleges to a Private Nonprofit University. (2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cotter H. A Pooh-Bah Who Painted With Words. New York Times, C13 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Medicinal Chemistry
AbbreviationFuture Med. Chem.
ISSN (print)1756-8919
ISSN (online)1756-8927
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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