How to format your references using the Radiologic Clinics of North America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Radiologic Clinics of North America (RCL). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bohannon J. Roger Payne profile. A toxic odyssey. Science 2004;304(5677):1584–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Petersen CP., Reddien PW. Smed-betacatenin-1 is required for anteroposterior blastema polarity in planarian regeneration. Science 2008;319(5861):327–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cicerone RJ., Molina MJ., Blake DR. Retrospective. F. Sherwood Rowland (1927-2012). Science 2012;336(6078):170.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Olivier N., Luengo-Oroz MA., Duloquin L., et al. Cell lineage reconstruction of early zebrafish embryos using label-free nonlinear microscopy. Science 2010;329(5994):967–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
MacRoberts. MacRoberts on Scottish Construction Contracts. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Rajendram R., Preedy VR., Patel VB. Glutamine in Clinical Nutrition. New York, NY: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gong S., Barrie LA. The Distribution of Atmospheric Aerosols: Transport, Transformation and Removal. In: Levin Z, Cotton WR, editors. Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation: A Scientific Review. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 91–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Radiologic Clinics of North America.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Caterpillars Disarm Corn With Their Poop. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/caterpillars-disarm-corn-their-poop/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Observations on American Airlines’ 1997 Study of Future Air Traffic Congestion. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Baker BR. Schizophrenia-spectrum behavior and peer responses to individuals with social anhedonia. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K. No-Frills Cuban Fare, and Cheer. New York Times 2006:NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleRadiologic Clinics of North America
AbbreviationRadiol. Clin. North Am.
ISSN (print)0033-8389
ISSN (online)1557-8275
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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