How to format your references using the Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2000. Climate change expert stirs new controversy. Nature 407, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benoist, C., Hacohen, N., 2011. Immunology. Flow cytometry, amped up. Science 332, 677–678.
A journal article with 3 authors
Freckleton, R.P., Sutherland, W.J., Watkinson, A.R., 2003. Ecology. Deciding the future of GM crops in Europe. Science 302, 994–996.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, J.-J., Li, C., Zhang, B.-Y., Cressman, R., Tao, Y., 2014. The role of institutional incentives and the exemplar in promoting cooperation. Sci. Rep. 4, 6421.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle, M., 2016. Phase Transformations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hannemann, K., Seiler, F. (Eds.), 2009. Shock Waves: 26th International Symposium on Shock Waves, Volume 1, 1st ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Niewiesk, S., 2009. Current Animal Models: Cotton Rat Animal Model, in: Griffin, D.E., Oldstone, M.B.A. (Eds.), Measles: Pathogenesis and Control, Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 89–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Why You Should Worry About The Privatization Of Genetic Data [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Motor Carrier Safety: Improvements to Data-Driven Oversight Could Better Target High Risk Carriers (No. GAO-15-433T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wickramage, A.S., 2013. Analysis of Magnaporthe oryzae homologs of Histoplasma capsulatum RYP genes (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. Packing In Labels Galore. New York Times E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Benoist and Hacohen, 2011; Smaglik, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benoist and Hacohen, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology
AbbreviationPedobiologia (Jena)
ISSN (print)0031-4056
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Soil Science

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