How to format your references using the Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Halliwell, B., 2003. Plasma antioxidants: health benefits of eating chocolate? Nature 426, 787; discussion 788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Loh, K.M., Lim, B., 2015. Stem cells: Equilibrium established. Nature 521, 299–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, Z., Klem, A.M., Ramu, Y., 2001. Ion conduction pore is conserved among potassium channels. Nature 413, 809–813.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Munne, P.M., Gu, Y., Tumiati, M., Gao, P., Koopal, S., Uusivirta, S., Sawicki, J., Wei, G.-H., Kuznetsov, S.G., 2014. TP53 supports basal-like differentiation of mammary epithelial cells by preventing translocation of deltaNp63 into nucleoli. Sci. Rep. 4, 4663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Röpke, G., 2013. Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Valencia-García, R., Lagos-Ortiz, K., Alcaraz-Mármol, G., del Cioppo, J., Vera-Lucio, N. (Eds.), 2016. Technologies and Innovation: Second International Conference, CITI 2016, Guayaquil, Ecuador, November 23-25, 2016, Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Beccuti, M., Franceschinis, G., Kaâniche, M., Kanoun, K., 2009. Multi-level Dependability Modeling of Interdependencies between the Electricity and Information Infrastructures, in: Setola, R., Geretshuber, S. (Eds.), Critical Information Infrastructure Security: Third International Workshop, CRITIS 2008, Rome, Italy, October13-15, 2008. Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Nearly 23,000 EU Citizens Die Every Year From Coal-Fired Power Plant Pollution [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Did Not Fully Disclose Uses of Personal Information During Secure Flight Program Testing in Initial Privacy Notes, but Has Recently Taken Steps to More Fully Inform the Public (No. GAO-05-864R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brothers, J., 2009. Nonparametric regression using wavelet transformations and noise reduction in audio signals (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017. War Is Hell? No, One-Dimensional. New York Times AR116.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Halliwell, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Halliwell, 2003; Loh and Lim, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Loh and Lim, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Munne et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology
AbbreviationPedobiologia (Jena)
ISSN (print)0031-4056
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Soil Science

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