How to format your references using the Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kopelman, P.G., 2000. Obesity as a medical problem. Nature 404, 635–643.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, Z., Lin, H., 2004. Nanos maintains germline stem cell self-renewal by preventing differentiation. Science 303, 2016–2019.
A journal article with 3 authors
Latimer, A.M., Silander, J.A., Jr, Cowling, R.M., 2005. Neutral ecological theory reveals isolation and rapid speciation in a biodiversity hot spot. Science 309, 1722–1725.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zürch, M., Rothhardt, J., Hädrich, S., Demmler, S., Krebs, M., Limpert, J., Tünnermann, A., Guggenmos, A., Kleineberg, U., Spielmann, C., 2014. Real-time and sub-wavelength ultrafast coherent diffraction imaging in the extreme ultraviolet. Sci. Rep. 4, 7356.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Braha, A., Groza, G., 2006. Moderne Abwassertechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Blecker, T., Friedrich, G. (Eds.), 2006. Mass Customization: Challenges and Solutions, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Singh, J., Mohanty, S.P., Pradhan, D.K., 2013. 2-Port SRAM Bitcell Design, in: Mohanty, S.P., Pradhan, D.K. (Eds.), Robust SRAM Designs and Analysis. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 83–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. 40,000-Year-Old Human Had Neanderthal Great-Great-Grandparent [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. FAA Appropriation Issues (No. T-RCED-89-34). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mier, L.M., 2012. Monitoring Electron Transfer Reactions using Ultrafast UV-Visible and Infrared Spectroscopy (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2000. You Can Take the A Train, but People Prefer to Wear the F. New York Times 1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kopelman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kopelman, 2000; Wang and Lin, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Lin, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zürch et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology
AbbreviationPedobiologia (Jena)
ISSN (print)0031-4056
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Soil Science

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