How to format your references using the Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bradford, P., 2012. Energy policy: The nuclear landscape. Nature 483, 151–152.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schubert, E.F., Kim, J.K., 2005. Solid-state light sources getting smart. Science 308, 1274–1278.
A journal article with 3 authors
Akbarzadeh, A., Qiu, C.-W., Danner, A.J., 2013. Exploiting design freedom in biaxial dielectrics to enable spatially overlapping optical instruments. Sci. Rep. 3, 2055.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bell, S., Wüstenberg, B., Kaiser, S., Menges, F., Netscher, T., Pfaltz, A., 2006. Asymmetric hydrogenation of unfunctionalized, purely alkyl-substituted olefins. Science 311, 642–644.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rombach, G., 2010. Spannbetonbau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Silverman, B.G., Jain, A., Ichalkaranje, A., Jain, L.C. (Eds.), 2005. Intelligent Paradigms for Healthcare Enterprises, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Memmel, T., Vanderdonckt, J., Reiterer, H., 2008. Multi-fidelity User Interface Specifications, in: Graham, T.C.N., Palanque, P. (Eds.), Interactive Systems. Design, Specification, and Verification: 15th International Workshop, DSV-IS 2008 Kingston, Canada, July 16-18, 2008 Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Being Vegetarian Could Help You Live Longer [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Special Education: Estimates of Handicapped Indian Preschoolers and Sufficiency of Services (No. HRD-90-61BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutherland, K.A., 2009. The impact of early childhood programs on student achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, J., Maheshwari, S., 2016. Facebook Overstated Video Views. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McLaren, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Stern, 2010; Young, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schubert and Kim, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ko et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology
AbbreviationPedobiologia (Jena)
ISSN (print)0031-4056
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Soil Science

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