How to format your references using the Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scott, J.F., 2007. Applications of modern ferroelectrics. Science 315, 954–959.
A journal article with 2 authors
Newman, D.K., Banfield, J.F., 2002. Geomicrobiology: how molecular-scale interactions underpin biogeochemical systems. Science 296, 1071–1077.
A journal article with 3 authors
Patt, A.G., Ogallo, L., Hellmuth, M., 2007. Sustainability. Learning from 10 years of climate outlook forums in Africa. Science 318, 49–50.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ma, J.F., Tamai, K., Yamaji, N., Mitani, N., Konishi, S., Katsuhara, M., Ishiguro, M., Murata, Y., Yano, M., 2006. A silicon transporter in rice. Nature 440, 688–691.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saint-Dizier, P., 2014. Musical Rhetoric. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bièvre, P.D., Günzler, H. (Eds.), 2005. Validation in Chemical Measurement. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ikushima, H., Miyazono, K., 2013. TGF-β in Cancer Stem Cells, in: Moustakas, A., Miyazawa, K. (Eds.), TGF-β in Human Disease. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 93–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Night Owls Have A Higher Risk Of Developing Diabetes Than Early Birds [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. School Facilities: Construction Expenditures Have Grown Significantly in Recent Years (No. HEHS-00-41). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunathilaka, D., 2015. Compliance with dietary restrictions among African American older adults with chronic kidney disease in a nursing home setting (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M., 1992. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton’s Camp Says It Is Wary Of Perot Inroads. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scott, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Newman and Banfield, 2002; Scott, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Newman and Banfield, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ma et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePedobiologia - Journal of Soil Ecology
AbbreviationPedobiologia (Jena)
ISSN (print)0031-4056
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Soil Science

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