How to format your references using the Bulletin of Volcanology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Volcanology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Veevers J (2011) Geophysics: earth’s longest fossil rift-valley system. Nature 479:304–306
A journal article with 2 authors
Humler E, Besse J (2002) A correlation between mid-ocean-ridge basalt chemistry and distance to continents. Nature 419:607–609
A journal article with 3 authors
Klaholz BP, Myasnikov AG, Van Heel M (2004) Visualization of release factor 3 on the ribosome during termination of protein synthesis. Nature 427:862–865
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Petiteau D, Guenneau S, Bellieud M, et al (2014) Spectral effectiveness of engineered thermal cloaks in the frequency regime. Sci Rep 4:7386

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao KR, Bojkovic ZS, Milovanovic DA (2005) Introduction to Multimedia Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Arcidiacono G (2007) Six Sigma: Manuale per Green Belt-Minibook. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Van Dyke C, Meketon M (2015) Railway Blocking Process. In: Patty BW (ed) Handbook of Operations Research Applications at Railroads. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 119–162

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Volcanology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) Here Are The Areas In The Us Most Likely To Be Struck In A Nuclear Attack By Russia. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Highway Infrastructure: Quality Improvements Would Safeguard Billions of Dollars Already Invested. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chima-Okereke O (2010) The distinct VPS35 mutant, env1, exhibits unique protein mislocalization and processing phenotype. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J (2016) Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM30

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Veevers 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Humler and Besse 2002; Veevers 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Humler and Besse 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Petiteau et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Volcanology
AbbreviationBull. Volcanol.
ISSN (print)0258-8900
ISSN (online)1432-0819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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