How to format your references using the Bulletin of Volcanology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Volcanology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Young KD (2014) Microbiology. A flipping cell wall ferry. Science 345:139–140
A journal article with 2 authors
Takken FLW, Tameling WIL (2009) To nibble at plant resistance proteins. Science 324:744–746
A journal article with 3 authors
Nawae W, Hannongbua S, Ruengjitchatchawalya M (2014) Defining the membrane disruption mechanism of kalata B1 via coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations. Sci Rep 4:3933
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Strigari LE, Bullock JS, Kaplinghat M, et al (2008) A common mass scale for satellite galaxies of the Milky Way. Nature 454:1096–1097

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson RJ, Groundwater PW, Todd A, Worsley AJ (2012) Antibacterial Agents. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Rizvi NB (2014) Minerals and Lipids Profiles in Cardiovascular Disorders in South Asia: Cu, Mg, Se, Zn and Lipid Serum Profiles for the Example of Patients in Pakistan. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chua BB, Bernardo DV, Verner J (2008) Criteria for Estimating Effort for Requirements Changes. In: O’Connor RV, Baddoo N, Smolander K, Messnarz R (eds) Software Process Improvement: 15th European Conference, EuroSPI 2008, Dublin, Ireland, September 3-5, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 36–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Volcanology.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Gucci’s Parent Company Buys A Python Farm In Thailand. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Inadequate Monitoring of U.S. Merchant Tanker Fleet Hampers Mobilization Planning. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olsen SL (2017) A Year of Sin An Experiential Exhibition of Sin. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2013) Russia Is Persuaded To Alter Statement To Call for Inclusion. New York Times SP11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Young 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Takken and Tameling 2009; Young 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Takken and Tameling 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Strigari et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Volcanology
AbbreviationBull. Volcanol.
ISSN (print)0258-8900
ISSN (online)1432-0819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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