How to format your references using the Bulletin of Volcanology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Volcanology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walsh C (2000) Molecular mechanisms that confer antibacterial drug resistance. Nature 406:775–781
A journal article with 2 authors
Willis KJ, Bhagwat SA (2009) Ecology. Biodiversity and climate change. Science 326:806–807
A journal article with 3 authors
Prins MW, Welters WJ, Weekamp JW (2001) Fluid control in multichannel structures by electrocapillary pressure. Science 291:277–280
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Weng L-C, Pasaribu B, Lin I-P, et al (2014) Nitrogen deprivation induces lipid droplet accumulation and alters fatty acid metabolism in symbiotic dinoflagellates isolated from Aiptasia pulchella. Sci Rep 4:5777

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Atherton J, Gil F, Center for Chemical Process Safety (2008) Incidents That Define Process Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rossi E (2016) Assessing Relative Valuation in Equity Markets: Bridging Research and Practice. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Kim J (2014) Image Enhancement for Improving Object Recognition. In: Kim J, Shin H (eds) Algorithm & SoC Design for Automotive Vision Systems: For Smart Safe Driving System. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 73–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Volcanology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Can Americans Have Both Environmental Preservation And Expanded Oil Drilling? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Quality Management: Scoping Study. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lazor DL (2010) “Festen”: A celebration (of the imagination!). Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gregory P (2013) This Close to a Killer. New York Times MM36

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walsh 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Walsh 2000; Willis and Bhagwat 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Willis and Bhagwat 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Weng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Volcanology
AbbreviationBull. Volcanol.
ISSN (print)0258-8900
ISSN (online)1432-0819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

Other styles