How to format your references using the Bulletin of Volcanology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Volcanology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Papaloizou JCB (2008) Astronomy. Planetary system formation. Science 321:777–778
A journal article with 2 authors
Sergienko OV, Hindmarsh RCA (2013) Regular patterns in frictional resistance of ice-stream beds seen by surface data inversion. Science 342:1086–1089
A journal article with 3 authors
Thomson KS, Sutton M, Thomas B (2003) A larval Devonian lungfish. Nature 426:833–834
A journal article with 5 or more authors
LaBella VP, Bullock DW, Ding Z, et al (2001) Spatially resolved spin-injection probability for gallium arsenide. Science 292:1518–1521

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zelterman D (2005) Discrete Distributions: Applications in the Health Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Plaja L, Torres R, Zaïr A (eds) (2013) Attosecond Physics: Attosecond Measurements and Control of Physical Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Aziz CE, Wymore RA, Steffan RJ (2013) Bioaugmentation Considerations. In: Stroo HF, Leeson A, Ward CH (eds) Bioaugmentation for Groundwater Remediation. Springer, New York, NY, pp 141–169

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Volcanology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Nitrogen-Fed Bacteria Could Power Our Future. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Information Technology: FBI Is Building Management Capabilities Essential to Successful System Deployments, but Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nolan C (2017) Safety Mindfulness: The Incorporation of Low-Dose Mindfulness as a Leading Edge Safety Intervention. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) A Modern Masterpiece Turns 25. New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Papaloizou 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Papaloizou 2008; Sergienko and Hindmarsh 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sergienko and Hindmarsh 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (LaBella et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Volcanology
AbbreviationBull. Volcanol.
ISSN (print)0258-8900
ISSN (online)1432-0819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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