How to format your references using the Bulletin of Volcanology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Volcanology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Toulouse G (2000) Community groups could show Unesco the way. Nature 405:394
A journal article with 2 authors
Gabaldón T, Huynen MA (2003) Reconstruction of the proto-mitochondrial metabolism. Science 301:609
A journal article with 3 authors
Zeng C, Liu X, Wang G (2014) Electrically tunable graphene plasmonic quasicrystal metasurfaces for transformation optics. Sci Rep 4:5763
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Caballero A, Despagnet-Ayoub E, Díaz-Requejo MM, et al (2011) Silver-catalyzed C-C bond formation between methane and ethyl diazoacetate in supercritical CO₂. Science 332:835–838

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kölle W (2017) Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Ahsanullah M (2014) Normal and Student´s t Distributions and Their Applications. Atlantis Press, Paris
A chapter in an edited book
Liu AY, Martin CE (2011) Smoothing Multinomial Naïve Bayes in the Presence of Imbalance. In: Perner P (ed) Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition: 7th International Conference, MLDM 2011, New York, NY, USA, August 30 – September 3, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 46–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Volcanology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) New Analysis Suggests Earth’s Magnetic Field Is Destabilizing. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/earth-s-magnetic-field-about-flip/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) DOT Contract Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nolan C (2017) Safety Mindfulness: The Incorporation of Low-Dose Mindfulness as a Leading Edge Safety Intervention. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2003) Sharing a Love Affair With Each Other and Artists. New York Times F33

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Toulouse 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Toulouse 2000; Gabaldón and Huynen 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gabaldón and Huynen 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Caballero et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Volcanology
AbbreviationBull. Volcanol.
ISSN (print)0258-8900
ISSN (online)1432-0819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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