How to format your references using the Bulletin of Volcanology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Volcanology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Plotkin JB (2011) Cell biology. The lives of proteins. Science 331:683–684
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldenfeld N, Pace NR (2013) Retrospective. Carl R. Woese (1928-2012). Science 339:661
A journal article with 3 authors
Ezawa M, Tanaka Y, Nagaosa N (2013) Topological phase transition without gap closing. Sci Rep 3:2790
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Peters C, Bayer MJ, Bühler S, et al (2001) Trans-complex formation by proteolipid channels in the terminal phase of membrane fusion. Nature 409:581–588

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner K, Doroslovački M (2013) Proportionate-Type Normalized Least Mean Square Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Burger W (2008) Digital Image Processing: An Algorithmic Introduction using Java. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Défago X, Gradinariu M, Messika S, Raipin-Parvédy P (2006) Fault-Tolerant and Self-stabilizing Mobile Robots Gathering. In: Dolev S (ed) Distributed Computing: 20th International Symposium, DISC 2006, Stockholm, Sweden, September 18-20, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 46–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Volcanology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Some Stars Are Dying Puzzlingly Young. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Review of Ohio State Plan for the Education of Handicapped Children. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim JW (2009) Perceptually motivated automatic dance motion generation for music. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J (2017) Ancient Guano Reveals a Tale of Penguins Devastated by Volcanoes. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Plotkin 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Plotkin 2011; Goldenfeld and Pace 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldenfeld and Pace 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Peters et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Volcanology
AbbreviationBull. Volcanol.
ISSN (print)0258-8900
ISSN (online)1432-0819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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