How to format your references using the Bulletin of Volcanology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Volcanology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weaver JF (2013) Chemistry. Entropies of adsorbed molecules exceed expectations. Science 339:39–40
A journal article with 2 authors
Belcher CM, McElwain JC (2008) Limits for combustion in low O2 redefine paleoatmospheric predictions for the Mesozoic. Science 321:1197–1200
A journal article with 3 authors
Taylor JP, Hardy J, Fischbeck KH (2002) Toxic proteins in neurodegenerative disease. Science 296:1991–1995
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dunne L, Eales S, Ivison R, et al (2003) Type II supernovae as a significant source of interstellar dust. Nature 424:285–287

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pérez Fontán F, Mariño Espiñeira P (2008) Modeling the Wireless Propagation Channel. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Schwartz M, Verschik A (eds) (2013) Successful Family Language Policy: Parents, Children and Educators in Interaction. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Carment D, Delany C, Ampleford S, et al (2006) Country Indicators for Foreign Policy Developing an Indicators-Based User Friendly Risk Assessment and Early Warning Capability. In: Trappl R (ed) Programming for Peace: Computer-Aided Methods for International Conflict Resolution and Prevention. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 81–113

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Volcanology.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2014) Watch Baby Spiders “Explode” From Mother During Fight. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Tax Systems Modernization: Imaging System’s Performance Improving but Still Falls Short of Expectations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Basik N (2008) An evolutionary approach to intuitionism and moral realism. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2016) My Year in Reading. New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weaver 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Belcher and McElwain 2008; Weaver 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Belcher and McElwain 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Dunne et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Volcanology
AbbreviationBull. Volcanol.
ISSN (print)0258-8900
ISSN (online)1432-0819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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