How to format your references using the Bulletin of Volcanology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Volcanology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May RM (2004) Uses and abuses of mathematics in biology. Science 303:790–793
A journal article with 2 authors
Miguel M-C, Zapperi S (2006) Materials science. Fluctuations in plasticity at the microscale. Science 312:1149–1150
A journal article with 3 authors
Savill J, Gregory C, Haslett C (2003) Cell biology. Eat me or die. Science 302:1516–1517
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Freedman KJ, Haq SR, Edel JB, et al (2013) Single molecule unfolding and stretching of protein domains inside a solid-state nanopore by electric field. Sci Rep 3:1638

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cicek V, Al-Numan B (2011) Corrosion Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wong CP, Moon K-S, Li Y (grace) (eds) (2010) Nano-Bio- Electronic, Photonic and MEMS Packaging, 1st edn. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Ščančar J, Heath E, Zuliani T, et al (2015) Elements and Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Sediments of the Sava River. In: Milačič R, Ščančar J, Paunović M (eds) The Sava River. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 95–121

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Volcanology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Medicines Would We Pack For A Trip To Mars? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Federal Research: Lessons Learned From SEMATECH. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meza J (2013) A community outreach program for Latino immigrant families: Increasing service utilization. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Leland J (2017) After Prayer, Practicing Her Swing. New York Times MB2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May 2004).
This sentence cites two references (May 2004; Miguel and Zapperi 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miguel and Zapperi 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Freedman et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Volcanology
AbbreviationBull. Volcanol.
ISSN (print)0258-8900
ISSN (online)1432-0819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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