How to format your references using the Bulletin of Volcanology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Volcanology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson M (2012) Ageing. Nature 492:S1
A journal article with 2 authors
Kind R, Yuan X (2010) Geophysics. Seismic images of the biggest crash on Earth. Science 329:1479–1480
A journal article with 3 authors
Su D, Dou S, Wang G (2014) Single crystalline Co3O4 nanocrystals exposed with different crystal planes for Li-O2 batteries. Sci Rep 4:5767
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Revyakin A, Liu C, Ebright RH, Strick TR (2006) Abortive initiation and productive initiation by RNA polymerase involve DNA scrunching. Science 314:1139–1143

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dinet J (2014) Information Retrieval in Digital Environments. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Vovk V (2005) Algorithmic Learning in a Random World. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Nath V, Levinson SE (2014) Computer Vision. In: Levinson SE (ed) Autonomous Robotics and Deep Learning. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 31–38

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Volcanology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Dust Grains That Form Planets Are 10 Times Smaller Than Thought. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/dust-grains-that-form-planets-are-10-times-smaller-than-thought/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Environmental Protection: EPA’s Science and Technology Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corona B (2012) Laws governing the treatment, involuntary detention and community integration of individuals with developmental disabilities: A policy analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Halsey Reaches the Top Of the Billboard Chart. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kind and Yuan 2010; Grayson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kind and Yuan 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Revyakin et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Volcanology
AbbreviationBull. Volcanol.
ISSN (print)0258-8900
ISSN (online)1432-0819
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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