How to format your references using the Pediatrics International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatrics International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ghahramani Z. Probabilistic machine learning and artificial intelligence. Nature. 2015 May 28;521(7553):452–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Richardson C, Jasin M. Frequent chromosomal translocations induced by DNA double-strand breaks. Nature. 2000 Jun 8;405(6787):697–700.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Belevich I, Verkhovsky MI, Wikström M. Proton-coupled electron transfer drives the proton pump of cytochrome c oxidase. Nature. 2006 Apr 6;440(7085):829–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lu L, Jia M, Ma Y, Yang L, Chen Z, Ho DD, et al. The changing face of HIV in China. Nature. 2008 Oct 2;455(7213):609–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Castillo E, Cobo A, Jubete F, Pruneda RE. Orthogonal Sets and Polar Methods in Linear Algebra. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1999.
An edited book
1.
Swamy PP, Guru DS, editors. Multimedia Processing, Communication and Computing Applications: Proceedings of the First International Conference, ICMCCA, 13-15 December 2012. New Delhi: Springer India; 2013. XXXV, 345 p. (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; vol. 213).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hilty LM. Ethical Issues in Ubiquitous Computing—Three Technology Assessment Studies Revisited. In: Kinder-Kurlanda K, Ehrwein Nihan C, editors. Ubiquitous Computing in the Workplace: What Ethical Issues? An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 45–60. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatrics International.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. What Can A 1.7-Million-Year-Old Hominid Fossil Teach Us About Cancer? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Investment Oversight and Management Have Improved but Continued Attention Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Mar. Report No.: GAO-11-454T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wilkinson B. You Got to Pray Just to Make It Today: The Relationship between Disclosure Disconnects, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment among Atheistic Employees [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gordon MR. A Freed but Scarred City Tests Trump. New York Times. 2017 Jul 1;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatrics International
AbbreviationPediatr. Int.
ISSN (print)1328-8067
ISSN (online)1442-200X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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