How to format your references using the Pediatrics International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatrics International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Alroy J. The shifting balance of diversity among major marine animal groups. Science. 2010 Sep 3;329(5996):1191–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jaffe M, Allam S. POLYMER CHEMISTRY. Safer fuels by integrating polymer theory into design. Science. 2015 Oct 2;350(6256):32.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cordier P, Amodeo J, Carrez P. Modelling the rheology of MgO under Earth’s mantle pressure, temperature and strain rates. Nature. 2012 Jan 11;481(7380):177–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Bos KI, Schuenemann VJ, Golding GB, Burbano HA, Waglechner N, Coombes BK, et al. A draft genome of Yersinia pestis from victims of the Black Death. Nature. 2011 Oct 12;478(7370):506–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Keene J. Clients with Complex Needs: Interprofessional Practice. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Xiang Y. Blind Source Separation: Dependent Component Analysis. Peng D, Yang Z, editors. Singapore: Springer; 2015. XII, 94 p. 30 illus., 13 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hays E. A Search for TeV Emission from X-Ray Selected AGN with Milagro. In: Cheng KS, Romero GE, editors. Multiwavelength Approach to Unidentified Gamma-Ray Sources: A Second Workshop on the Nature of the High-Energy Unidentified Sources. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatrics International.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. FDA-Approved Treatment Could Be Effective Against Drug-Resistant Brain Tumors In Children. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Close Air Support: Principal Issues and Aircraft Choices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 Dec. Report No.: B-173850.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
O’Grady CR. Journeys of our ancestors: Conservation science approaches to the analysis of cultural material [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Yankees Need One Of Those Comebacks. New York Times. 2010 Oct 20;B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatrics International
AbbreviationPediatr. Int.
ISSN (print)1328-8067
ISSN (online)1442-200X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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