How to format your references using the Pediatrics International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatrics International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mellars P. Palaeoanthropology: the earliest modern humans in Europe. Nature. 2011 Nov 23;479(7374):483–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Droser ML, Gehling JG. Synchronous aggregate growth in an abundant new Ediacaran tubular organism. Science. 2008 Mar 21;319(5870):1660–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guilbaud R, Butler IB, Ellam RM. Abiotic pyrite formation produces a large Fe isotope fractionation. Science. 2011 Jun 24;332(6037):1548–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fisher S, Grice EA, Vinton RM, Bessling SL, McCallion AS. Conservation of RET regulatory function from human to zebrafish without sequence similarity. Science. 2006 Apr 14;312(5771):276–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Freeman RL. Telecommunication System Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Kostianoy AG, Lavrova OY, editors. Oil Pollution in the Baltic Sea. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. XII, 268 p. 110 illus., 90 illus. in color. (The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry; vol. 27).
A chapter in an edited book
Eysenbach G. Using the Internet for Surveys and Research. In: Anderson JG, Aydin CE, editors. Evaluating the Organizational Impact of Healthcare Information Systems. New York, NY: Springer; 2005. p. 129–43. (Health Informatics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatrics International.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. NASA Debuts New Planet Imager To Look At Worlds Around Other Stars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Current Funding Status of the Energy Research and Development Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Dec. Report No.: B-178726.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
May LA. Teacher compensation and the academic achievement of high school students [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L, Kirkpatrick DD. Justices Loosen Ad Restrictions In Campaign Law. New York Times. 2007 Jun 26;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatrics International
AbbreviationPediatr. Int.
ISSN (print)1328-8067
ISSN (online)1442-200X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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