How to format your references using the European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilczek F. Particle physics: A weighty mass difference. Nature 2015;520:303–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Osteryoung KW, Nunnari J. The division of endosymbiotic organelles. Science 2003;302:1698–704.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raymo ME, Lisiecki LE, Nisancioglu KH. Plio-Pleistocene ice volume, Antarctic climate, and the global delta18O record. Science 2006;313:492–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tashiro A, Sandler VM, Toni N, et al. NMDA-receptor-mediated, cell-specific integration of new neurons in adult dentate gyrus. Nature 2006;442:929–33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Estopinal SV, Lathrop W. Professional Surveyors and Real Property Descriptions. Hoboken, New Jersey: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2011.
An edited book
Howlett RJ, Jain LC, Lee SH, editors. Sustainability in Energy and Buildings: Results of the Second International Conference on Sustainability in Energy and Buildings (SEB’10). Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Yunus AP, Dou J, Avtar R, et al. Shoreline and Coastal Morphological Changes Induced by the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami in the Katchal Island, Andaman and Nicobar – A Study Using Archived Satellite Images. In: Santiago-Fandiño V, Tanaka H, Spiske M, eds. Tsunamis and Earthquakes in Coastal Environments: Significance and Restoration. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2016. 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. It’s Now Compulsory To Teach Climate Change And Evolution In Alabama Schools. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Civil Aviation Research and Development Programs and Facilities. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stroud M. Solar desalination in the southwest United States: A thermoeconomic analysis utilizing the sun to desalt water in high irradiance regions. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gardiner K. Sing, Memory. New York Times. 2016;:BR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
AbbreviationEur. J. Hosp. Pharm. Sci. Pract.
ISSN (print)2047-9956
ISSN (online)2047-9964
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

Other styles